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Type: Frigate ; Armament 10 (22 x 32 pdr., 56 cwt., ; 16 x 32 pdr., 32 cwt. ; 6 x 8 in., 65 cwt. ; 2 x 56 pdr., 85 cwt.)
Laid down : Sep 1845 ; Launched : 5 Apr 1848 ;
Disposal date or year : 1867
BM: 2565 tons
Machinery notes: 360 ; Speed ; 8.64 knots ;
Jan, 1846, Arrogant, 10, steam frigate, Mr. Fincham, three eighths built, at Portsmouth
Jan 1848 Portsmouth, Building
20 Dec 1848 Woolwich
30 Aug 1851 Experimental Squadron
4 Jul 1853 Portsmouth. Carried out speed trials.
11 Mar 1854 departed Spithead, with the fleet, for the Baltic - see p. 413 at www.archive.org/details/royalnavyhistory06clow
15 Apr 1854 captured Russian brig Patrioten [Prize Money per London Gazette of 21 Jul 1857].
19 May 1854 Arrogant and Hecla involved in operations at and near Eckness and capture a merchantmen Carleby and meet the Dauntless on their return - see p. 417-> at www.archive.org/details/royalnavyhistory06clow
20 May 1854 Arrogant and Hecla detained the Augusta.
21 Jun 1854 Imperieuse, Lightning, Magicienne, and Bulldog, reconnoitred the Russian fleet and batteries at Cronstadt, with the Arrogant and Desperate in reserve - see p. 420 at www.archive.org/details/royalnavyhistory06clow
16 Aug 1854 bombardment and capture of Bomarsund - see p. 424-> at www.archive.org/details/royalnavyhistory06clow
4 Feb 1856 Portsmouth. In dock.
19 Feb 1856 Having completed her refit was taken out of the steam basin.
25 Feb 1856 Compasses to be swung tomorrow ; thence to Spithead.
26 Feb 1856 To join the Imperieuse at the Downs.
28 Feb 1856 Mid RH King appt. ; at Portsmouth.
23 Apr 1856, Present at Fleet Review, Spithead ; Captain Lyster.
17 Nov 1859 departed England for the West Coast of Africa for anti-slavery duties.
13 Dec 1859 detained in Lat. 1░ 46' N., long. 11░ 39' W., in the Gulf of Guinea, the Mexican slave brigantine El Rosarito, 170 tons, JosÚ Garcia, master, fully fitted for the slave trade, which by the time she was boarded had no papers or nationality, and her Mexican flag had disappeared, was sent under the charge of Lieutenant Adams, with a prize crew, to the Vice-Admiralty Court at Sierra Leone, for adjudication, which on 4 Jan 1860 was sentenced to be condemned to forfeiture, and to be broken up and materials and effects sold at public auction ; proceeds being paid into the Treasury Chest.
30 Dec 1859 at Ascension, Commodore Edmonstone writes to the Secretary of the Admiralty reporting the detention of the El Rosarito by the Arrogant, who's replaced the Vesuvius and Commodore Wise as Senior Officer on the West Coast of Africa.
13 Nov 1860 in Bango Bay, I have every reason to believe that the Slave Trade has revived a little to the southward of Loanda, and is chiefly carried on by vessels under the American flag disguised as whalers; the attention of the senior officer of the South Division will be drawn to this part of the coast. The American steamer "San Jacinto" has very recently taken the "Bonetta" with 700 slaves on board, and the squadron generally are very active in putting down the Slave Trade.
Year ending 31 Dec 1860 suffered 637 cases of sickness during the year, in addition, 2 officers and 6 ratings died and 1 officers and 27 ratings were invalided back to England.
17 Mar 1861 at Sierra Leone, Commodore Edmonstone wrote to the Secretary to the Admiralty inclosing, for their Lordships' information, a copy of Lieutenant Bennett's letter reporting his proceedings in the Bloodhound.
1 Jan 1861 Ascension, with reference to my Slave Report due on the 31st ultimo, I have the honour to state, for the information of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, that as the necessary documents from the cruizers on the coast have not yet reached me, I am unable to complete my Report to go by the mail which leaves this anchorage about the 4th instant. In the meantime I am happy to say that both the American and our own squadrons, have been active and successful in making several captures during the last few months, the former having taken six vessels with 4,200 slaves, and the latter also six vessels (four empty and two full) with 1,100 on board, making in all 5,300 human beings that have been rescued from slavery. Their Lordships will be glad to learn that the cruizers of both nations cordially and zealously co-operate with one another for the suppression of this illegal traffic. I have, &c. (Signed) W. Edmonstone.
10 Jun 1861 at St Thomas boarded the suspicious American brigantine African, expected on the West Coast of Africa to ship slaves.
18 Sep 1861 in lat 5░ 15' lon 18░ 40' boarded the American barque J. J. Cobb to verify her papers. Her captain was ashore and it was observed that none of her crew were American. From his short visit the boarding officer had every reason to believe that the vessel was involved in the Slave Trade.
22 Sep 1861 off Cabenda.
28 Oct 1861 at Prince's Island.
7 Nov 1861 at sea, in about lat. 4░ 57' S., long. 9░ 55' E.
18 Nov 1861 at St. Paul de Loanda, Commodore Edmonstone came to discuss the shipping of so-called free negroes or emigrants from Loanda to the Island of St. Thomas, in apparent contravention of the existing Treaty between Great Britain and Portugal, but the Governor General being absent, and unlikely to change his mind and the vessel needed elsewhere, the Commodore hoped to return at a later date.
Year ending 31 Dec 1861 suffered 538 cases of sickness during the year, in addition, 1 officer and 16 ratings died and 20 ratings were invalided back to England.
1 Jan 1862 off Ascension Isle, Commodore Edmonstone wrote to the Secretary to the Admiralty that in compliance with his letter of 10 Sep 1861, addressed to Admiral Walker or the Senior Officer at Sierra Leone, the duplicate of which was sent to me, to call upon Cdr Smith, of the Torch, to state on what grounds he visited the French vessel "Bertha;" I now inclose a copy of that officer's explanation of the circumstance, &c.
26 Nov 1861 Cdr Smith wrote to Cdre Edmonstone from the Torch, at Sierra Leone, advising that he caused the French brig "Bertha" to be visited, I have the honour to inform you that on the 23rd of July last, at about 5 p.m., being off Cape Verga (bearing NW about 15 miles), a sail was reported to the westward, and proceeded in chase. On coming up with their vessel, and when between two and three miles off, a blank gun was fired to enforce colours. After an interval of about twenty minutes, as no colours were shown, a second pun was fired ; no attention being paid to the second gun, and when about 500 yards astern of her, a third blank gun was fired. On the Torch ramping up alongside, I hailed and desired her to show colours and to heave-to, which I enforced by firing two blank muskets. French colours were then hung over the side, but as it was now dark, and there had been such apparent reluctance to show colours, I considered it my duty to verify her nationality. I accordingly desired Lieutenant Martin and the second master to visit this vessel and inspect the papers. No complaint was made by the master of the French brig, and the boarding officers quitted her without delay. I have, &c. (Signed) J.H. Smith.
22 Apr 1862 at Prince's Island.
Letter No. 99, from Commodore Edmonstone to the Secretary to the Admiralty.
Arrogant," Kinsembo, May 19, 1862.
Sir, in forwarding the inclosed copy of a letter dated 12th instant, with its inclosure, which I have received from Commander Smith, of Her Majesty's steam-sloop " Torch," reporting the boarding of the Portuguese brigantine Liberdade, I have the honour to state, for the information of my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, that on my recent visit to St. Paul's de Loanda, I made a point of having an interview with his Excellency the Governor of Angola, on the subject of this (said to be free) emigration to St. Thomas. His Excellency gave me distinctly to understand that he was acting in accordance with instructions from Lisbon, and could not accede to my request to suspend operations, pending the views of Her Majesty's Government ; and as I do not feel myself justified in taking the serious responsibility of detaining a vessel met with at sea under similar oircumstances to the " Liberdade," although I believe the negroes thus imported into St. Thomas are only nominally free, I beg to request you will be pleased to move their Lordships to submit the matter for the decision of Her Majesty's Government. I have, &c. (Signed) W. Edmonston
Further to the last Inclosure I in No. 99 ; Commander Smith to Commodore Edmonstone.
" Torch" St. Paul de Loanda, May 12, 1862.
Sir, I have the honour to report to you that on the 19th of April, 1862, in latitude 7░ 15' south, longitude 11░ 52' east, I hoarded the Portuguese brigantine "Liberdade" from Loanda to St. Thomas, having upwards of 60 negroes on board as passengers, provided with passports from the Governor-General of Angola, apparently all correct. I inclose the boarding officer's report. I had previously received a communication from Her Majesty's Commissioners at Loanda, calling my attention to the fact of this vessel preparing in the harbour for this voyage, and urging me (in compliance with instructions they had recently received from Earl Russell) to take the necessary steps to board and examine any such vessels, in order by strict inquiry to ascertain whether these negroes were de facto free, and if not, to detain and bring them into port for adjudication before the Mixed Commission Court. As the boarding officer's report was so very clear as to the fact of these negroes proceeding to St. Thomas of their own free will and accord, as far as he could ascertain, and no complaints of any kind having been made by the negroes, I accordingly allowed the vessel to proceed on her voyage, as has been the usual course pursued by Her Majesty's cruizers hitherto. I have, &c. (Signed) F. H. Smith.
Further to the last Inclosure 2 in No. 99. Mr. Cunningham to Commander Smith.
" Torch," St. Paul de Loanda, May 12, 1862.
Sir, in compliance with your orders on 19th April, I visited the Portuguese brigantine "Liberdade," accompanied by Mr. Joseph Beeden, boatswain, and Alexander Hughes, ward-room steward, a native of Africa, and who has a fair knowledge of the Portuguese language, to act as interpreter. On going on board I saw the master, who informed me through the interpreter that he was from St. Paul's de Loanda, and bound to the Island of St. Thomas with 65 negroes, free emigrants, and four Portuguese passengers, and that his crew consisted of 17 men, including himself; after examining his papers and passports from the Governor-General of Angola for the negroes, I proceeded to count his crew and passengers, separating the crew from the negroes, and found them to correspond with his papers and statements ; and, as far as I could ascertain, to the best of my knowledge and belief these negroes were going to the Island of St. Thomas of their own free will and accord. No complaint was made by the negroes, who appeared to be quite happy and contented. I have, &c. (Signed) Wm. J. Cunningham, Master.
13 Jun 1862 when at Benguela Cdre Edmonstone wrote to R.-Adm Sir B. Walker with reference to Admiralty letter of 27 Mar last, which reached me at Elephant Bay on the 10th instant, respecting the Portuguese brig "Tarugo Secundo" having been searched by one of our cruizers while in the Portuguese harbour of Equimina on the 11 Apr 1861, I have the honour to report, for your information, that immediately on learning that a complaint of this nature had been made against one of HM cruizers, I addressed a memorandum, of the 27 Feb 1862, to the Commander of the "Prometheus," thinking that perhaps she might be the vessel alluded to by the "Tarugo Secundo," and, if so, to get at the particulars of the case. The "Alecto" not being on that part of the station in April 1861. Captain Bedingfeld's reply proved that my surmises were correct. I then took an early opportunity of communicating with the Governor-General of Angola on the subject, to which I have not received any reply from his Excellency. I have forwarded a copy of this despatch and inclosures to the Secretary of the Admiralty, and hope that my proceedings in the matter will meet with your approbation. I have &c. (Signed) W. Edmonstone.
20 Jun 1862 at St. Paul de Loanda, Commodore Edmonstone wrote to the Secretary to the Admiralty advising that the "Antelope" had captured a small brigantine off the Congo on the 4th ultimo, under no colours, and name unknown, having on board 558 slaves. As the vessel was much more than usually crowded, it was thought advisable to take 100 of the negroes on board of the " Antelope," in which state they proceeded to St. Helena for adjudication.
11 Jul 1862 at Sea, Lat. 6░ 21' S., Long. 11░ 59' E., boarded the American barque Seamew, and beg to inform you that I found her register correct.
20 Jul 1862 when off Cabinda Cdre Edmonstone wrote to Rear-Admiral Sir B. Walker bringing to his notice the present unsatisfactory state of affairs in the River Congo. Last year, as reported, I was obliged to punish the natives of Shark's Point and its vicinity for a piratical outrage upon the schooner "Shark," stranded upon the Point itself, and belonging to Messrs. Tobin and Co. of Liverpool. About two months ago Mr. Meecham, having previously signified his intention to remove his business altogether from the Congo, was attacked at Punta da Lenha by the natives, part of his house burnt, the property stolen, and he himself taken into the bush. They demanded a ransom, which was paid, and they immediately released him. On inquiring into the matter, I am led to believe that the natives acted thus on account of a personal enmity towards Mr. Meecham. On my recent visit, however, to the Congo (11th instant), I sent two boats up the river to visit Punta da Lenha, when I received intelligence that a Mr. Adams, agent to Cookson and Hatton's house, was kidnapped a few days previously, and taken into the bush, but that he was about to be ransomed. At present there is only one English factory at Punta da Lenha, one American, one Dutch, one Spanish, and nine Portuguese; and as that place is the great focus of the Slave Trade on the South Coast, it is only reasonable to suppose that these nine Portuguese have something to do with it.
2-12 Sep 1862 at Ascension.
28 Nov 1862 returned to England from the West Coast of Africa and suffered 434 cases of sickness to date, whilst 6 ratings had died and 4 were invalided back to England.