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Type: 3rd rate ; Armament 74
Launched : 1774 ; Disposal date or year : 1805
1780 St Vincent.
14 Jul 1793 sailed with the Channel fleet from St. Helen's. On the 18th to the west of the Scilly Isles and subsequent manoeuvres.
31 Jul 1793 briefly sighted, but was unable to close the French fleet ; returned to Torbay on 10 Aug.
23 Aug 1793 the Channel Fleet sailed to escort the Newfoundland trade, West Indian convoys in home waters.
27 Oct 1793 sailed in search of the French fleet and squadrons. 18 Nov brief skirmish with a French squadron : by mid-December the fleet had returned to Spithead.
14 Jun 1795 the British fleet, then off Minorca, joined by a squadron from Gibraltar and England, including the Cumberland, Captain Barth. Samuel Rowley.
8 Jul 1795, the fleet, at anchor at in San-Fiorenzo bay, once aware that the French fleet was close by, gave chase. It was sighted on the 13th and later the order was given for the general chase, but apart from the loss of a 74 by the French the result was inconclusive and resulted in not a little criticism, the consequence perhaps being Admiral Hotham's resignation on 1 Nov 1795.
6 Aug 1795, Admiral Hotham put to sea on a cruise, sighting the French fleet in Toulon road.
5 Oct 1795, a squadron under Rear-admiral Mann, including the Cumberland, sailed from San-Fiorenzo in pursuit of a French squadron returning from Toulon to Brest ; but too late !
24 Apr 1800, Torbay, the Channel Fleet, under the command of Sir Alan Gardner, sailed, viz. Ville de Paris, Barfleur, Glory, London, Neptune, St George, Temeraire, Windsor Castle, Ajax, Achilles, Cumberland, Canada, Captain, Centaur, Defence, Defiance, Elephant, Excellent, Hector, Impetueux, Marlborough, Ramilies, Resolution, Robust, Russel, Saturn, Superb, Terrible, Venerable, Warrior, Sheerness, Amelia, Sea Horse, Thames, and Havick.
11 May 1800, Plymouth, arrived from off Brest, to refit.
3 Aug 1800, Plymouth, arrived from the Channel fleet with the Mars.
6 Oct 1800, Portsmouth, arrived from the Downs.
27 Oct 1800 Portsmouth a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator for the trial of John Brown, a private marine belonging to the Cumberland for writing a disrespectful letter reflecting on the conduct of Captain Gardiner, of the Marines, and Captain Growes, and on William Dean, and Thomas Taylor, private marines, for abetting and advising the said John Brown in his libellous and seditious conduct, and for endeavouring to propagate the same disrespectful spirit amongst the ship's company. The charges being proved against the prisoners, Brown was sentenced to receive 100 lashes, and the two others 50 lashes each.
21 Nov 1800, Portsmouth, sailed with the Juste, to join the Channel Fleet.
28 Jun 1803, cruising off Cape Nicholas-Mole with a small squadron.
30 Jun 1803, captured the French 40-gun frigate Créole, which was purchased into the Service, however, she foundered on her passage to England.