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Gladiator, 1785
Type: store and convalescent ship, late 4th rate ; Armament 44
Launched at Bucklershard 1785 ; Disposal date or year : 1817
Tons (BM): 582
Notes:

1 Jan 1799 Lieut. E. Hungerford. At Portsmouth.

31 Jan 1799 Portsmouth, a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, on Lt. Moringcourt, of the Arethusa, for inattention while cruising on the coast of France, in consequence of which the Arethusa got on shore ; the charge of inattention was proved, and the sentence of the court was, that he be reprimanded.

15 Feb 1799 Portsmouth, a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, on James Haily, a seaman, of the Achille, for striking a midshipman in the execution of his duty, and for other mutinous conduct. The charge being fully proved, he was sentenced to be hanged.

Portsmouth, 14 May 1799 a court martial was held at Portsmouth, on board the Gladiator, for the trial of the Right Hon. Lord Augustus Fitzroy. Captain of the Sphynx, for disobedience of orders and misconduct, in not bringing home, under his convoy, the East Indiamen and other trade belonging to the East India Company lying at St. Helena. It was ordered that he should be dismissed from his present ship.

14 Oct 1799 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, on William Moore, a seaman belonging to the Diadem, 64, for having declared that if every man was of his mind they would drag Lieutenants Rowe and Dyer out of their cabins and murder them, and for uttering other mutinous expressions. The charges being proved, the Prisoner was sentenced by the Court to receive 20 lashes on board of, and along-side such ships as the Commander in Chief should direct : to be mulcted of his pay, and to two years solitary confinement in the Marshalsea.

16 Oct 1799 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was also held on board the Gladiator, on William Sheard, John Moore, Henry Jones, and John Porteous, seamen of the same ship, for writing a letter, containing false charges, against Captain Dawson and the Officers of the Diadem, and other mutinous conduct. Jones and Porteous were found guilty. The latter, being writer of the letter, was sentenced to receive 100 lashes from ship to ship, and be imprisoned one year in solitary confinement in the Marshalsea — Jones is to have 50 lashes on board his own ship. Sheard and Moore were acquitted.

16 Oct 1799 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, on Robert Nelson, quarter-master of the Diadem for mutinous expressions. He was acquitted.

24 Oct 1799 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, on G. Kennet, Corporal of Marines, of the Beaver, for desertion. He was found guilty, and sentenced to be mulcted of his pay, reduced to the situation of a private, and to receive one hundred and fifty lashes from ship to ship.

4 Nov 1799 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator for the trial of Mr. Daniel Ross, Master of the Portland for disobedience of orders, neglect of duty, and contemptuous, reproachful and threatening language to Mr. William Long, Master of the Prothee. After going through the evidence, the Court were of opinion, that the charges had been in part proved against the said Daniel Ross, and did adjudge him to be dismissed from the office of Master of the said ship.

Circa 20 Nov 1799 Court Martial on Captain Faulknor and his officers, for the loss of the Impregnable, 98, held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth.

20 Nov 1799 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator for the trial of Mr. Prose, Carpenter of the Atalante for disobedience and neglect of duty. The prisoner was found guilty; and sentenced by the Court to be dismissed from his situation as Carpenter of the Atalante and to serve in such other station as the Commander in Chief of the Port should direct.

20 Nov 1799 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator was for the trial of Mr. Elliott, Gunner of the Atalante for drunkenness when officer of the watch, and getting drunk with the seamen in his cabin. He was found guilty, and was sentenced by the Court to be dismissed from his situation as Gunner of the Atalante, rendered incapable of ever serving as an Officer, and to serve on such other station as the Commander in Chief of the Port should direct.

4 Dec 1799 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, to investigate the circumstances were respecting Lieuts. John M'Kenzie, commanding the prison-ship Prothee, and John Low, commanding the prison ship San Damaso, as stated in the Report of Captains J. C. Purvis, T. Pickmore, and J. Mulock, in consequence of a representation made by Mr. Daniel Ross, late Master of H.M. prison ship Portland, in a letter dated the 3d inst., of certain irregularities on board the prison ships in Portchester Lake, viz. that they had made particular enquiry into the circumstances set forth in Mr. Ross's said letter, and were informed, that with respect to spirits and other articles sold in the Prothee, small quantities of the former had at times been brought for the French Officers; that strong beer was brought on board in casks, four and six at a time, of eighteen gallons, and permitted to be sold by Frenchmen, and people of the ship, to the prisoners ; that they had in general paid Lieutenant M’Kenzie for the said beer at one shilling per gallon, he paying the brewers for the whole ; and the persons who sold it to the prisoners in the Prothee charging four-pence per quart; but that they were not able to find out whether Lieutenant M’Kenzie had any benefit arising therefrom. That, in their enquiry on board the San Damaso, they were informed that Beer had been brought on board that ship in 18 gallon casks, three or four at a time, and had been sold to the prisoners by Sergeant Burke's wife, of the Marines, and by Lieutenant Lowe’s direction, at five-pence per quart; that the prisoners complained of paying too much for it, and the Lieutenant directed it to be sold at four-pence ; that there was on board a shop for selling vegetables, &c. to the prisoners, and that Lieutenant Lowe had prevented a competition, because it would spoil the profit of it; and that several of the persons examined were of opinion that the Lieutenant received benefit from the sale of the articles above mentioned. Evidence being examined on the part of the prosecution, as well as in defence of Lieutenant M’Kenzie, the Court agreed that the charge had not been proved against the said Lieutenant M’Kenzie, but appeared to be malicious and ill-founded, and did adjudge him to be acquitted. That the charge had been in part proved against the said Lieutenant Lowe, and adjudged him only to be severely reprimanded and admonished not to suffer beer or other articles to be sold on board by or for the benefit of any of the officers.

6 Dec 1799 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator for the trial at which Lieutenant John Horrodem, of H.M. ship Amazon, for drunkenness. The charge being in part proved, he was adjudged to be dismissed from his ship and deprived of ten years of his rank on the list of Lieutenants.

6 Dec 1799 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator for the trial of John Shea, a seamen, belonging to H.M. ship Hindostan, for desertion. The prisoner was found guilty, and sentenced to be mulcted of his pay and to receive fifty lashes.

1 Jan 1800 Circa 1 Jan 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Portsmouth, on Lieutenant Thomas Vanthysen, of the Sophie, for going forward, after a man had been punished, among the ship's crew, and saying publicly in the hearing of the people, ""If l was the ship's company I would be damned if I would not write against the Captain. I have taken an account of every man that has been flogged since I have been In the ship.""—The charge being fully proved, he was sentenced to be dismissed his Majesty's service, and rendered incapable of serving his Majesty, his heirs, or successors.

16 Jan 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Lieutenant Harford of the Arethusa for striking and throwing a cup of tea in the fact of Mr. Ayscough, the third Lieutenant for which he was sentenced to be dismissed the service despite members of the board furnishing excellent references. It is thought that the Admiralty may well reduce the sentence ?

21 Jan 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on the Carpenter of the St. Fiorenzo for drunkenness and neglect of duty. The charges being proven he was dismissed his ship.

25 Jan 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Captain Totty, of the Saturn, for running on board the Prince. He was acquitted, the accident being caused by the darkness of the night and other causes.

Circa Feb 1800 At Kingston, William Johnstone, Esq., Purser of the Gladiator, married Miss Griffiths, daughter of Mr. Griffiths, of the Dockyard, Portsmouth.

8 Feb 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator at Portsmouth on a seaman, Richard Pierrepoint, belonging to the Barfleur for desertion, who was found guilty and was sentenced to 100 lashes and to forfeit all his pay.

8 Feb 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator at Portsmouth on a seaman, John Gray, belonging to the Syren for desertion, who was found guilty and was sentenced to 100 lashes and to forfeit all his pay.

19 Feb 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, on Duke Williams, boatswain of the Prudente, for embezzlement. The charge being proved, he was sentenced by the Court to be dismissed his Majesty's service.

28 Feb 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator at Portsmouth on Mr. Joseph Collingwood, Gunner of the Amazon, for drunkenness. The charge being proved he was sentenced to be dismissed his ship, and recommended by the court to serve on board a sloop of war, [thus reducing his income].

28 Feb 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator at Portsmouth on Mr. William Dimock Smith, Boatswain of the sloop Fairy, for drunkenness, neglect of duty and behaving in a contemptuous manner to his captain. The charge being proved and he was sentenced by the court to be rendered incapable of serving again as an officer in the RN, and to serve before the mast on board such other of HM ships as the Commander in Chief at Spithead shall direct.

13 Mar 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Lieutenant John Cresselman of the Druid, for absence without leave, at various times, and drunkenness. The charges were proved in part, sufficient for him to be dismissed the service.

21 Mar 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board his Majesty's ship Gladiator, for the trial of William Webb, Boatswain's Mate of the Termagant, for desertion. The prisoner was found guilty, and sentenced to receive two hundred lashes, on board or alongside such ship or ships as the Commander in Chief should direct. But, in consideration of his very exemplary character, on trying occasions, the Court recommended him to the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty as an object of mercy.

21 Mar 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board his Majesty's ship Gladiator, on Mr. Keppel Gleydhall, Surgeon's Mate of the hospital ship Pagase, on a charge of embezzling part of the hospital cloathing. After enquiring into the circumstances, the Court were of opinion, that the Charge had not been proved against the prisoner, and he was therefore acquitted."

25 Mar 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, on Colin M'Carty, Carpenter of the Concorde, for drunkenness. The charge being fully proved, the prisoner was found guilty, and sentenced by the Court to be dismissed from his Majesty's service.

25 Mar 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, for the trial of Mr. Philip Griffin, Lieutenant of the Resolution, for detaining in his hands the sum of ten pounds, the property of Thomas Denham, a seaman belonging to the Fury bomb vessel, and which he had received from the said Thomas Denham. The Court were of opinion, that the charge had been proved against the said Philip Griffin, and did adjudge him to be dismissed from his Majesty's service.

1 Apr 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, for the trial of John Warner, a seaman belonging to the Delft, for having, on the morning of the 17th ult. cut down the hammock of James Lyon, a private in the 13th regiment, in consequence of which the latter received a severe contusion in the back ; and notwithstanding every medical assistance was given, he languished till noon, and then died. The Court were of opinion, that it appeared the said John Warner did cut down the hammock in which the said James Lyon lay, in consequence of which he received the injury that occasioned his death ; but that it did not appear that he knew any person was in the hammock at the time, or that he had any malicious or bad intention towards the deceased, and did therefore adjudge him to be acquitted.

1 Apr 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, for the trial of Mr. John Hopgood, Boatswain of the Mercury, for absenting himself from the ship without leave. The chargee being proved, he was found guilty, and sentenced by the Court to be dismissed from his situation of Boatswain of the Mercury, and to serve in such other situation in the Navy as the Lords of the Admiralty should direct.

7 Apr 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, for the trial of William Howell, Corporal of Marines, of the Prince, for having quitted his station at the Dock Yard on the 9th instant, and having taken with him Barnard Ward, a private marine, who had been placed sentinel at the Dock-Gates. The prisoner was found guilty, and sentenced by the Court to receive one hundred lashes on board of, or alongside, such of his Majesty's ships as the Commander in Chief of HM ships at Spithead should direct.

12 Apr 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, on John Smith, Cook, of the Brilliant for having uttered seditious expressions in the presence of the Gunner, Mr. William Bold. Found guilty and was sentenced to be dismissed from his office on the Brilliant and to serve 12 months in the Marshalsea Prison.

12 Apr 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, on William Bold, Gunner, of the Brilliant for failing to report the seditious expressions uttered by the Cook, John Smith. Was acquitted.

12 Apr 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, on Mr. Joseph Trevenor, Boatswain, of the Maidstone, for drunkenness and neglect of duty. He was found guilty and dismissed his ship, and incapable of serving as an officer in HM Navy.

18 Apr 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, on John Briscow, a marine of the Diadem, for writing a letter to General Averne and causing others to sign it, in order to create a disturbance on board. He was found guilty and sentenced to receive 200 lashes around the fleet and to six months in Marshalsea prison.

28 Apr 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator on an unnamed marine of the Prince, for striking Serjeant Burt of the Marines. The prisoner was found guilty and sentenced to 200 lashes around the fleet at Portsmouth and Spithead.

Circa May 1800 Lieutenant Broomwich appointed to the Gladiator.

2 May 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, on a seaman, John M'Kenny, of the Castor, for striking the Boatswain's Mate. As the charge was not proven he was acquitted.

24 May 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, on Mr. P. Stone, Boatswain of the Discovery, for drunkenness and behaving in a contemptuous manner to his superiors. Mr. Stone was found guilty and sentenced to be dismissed the service and rendered incapable of serving again.

31 May 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, on John Weldon, a seaman belonging to the Pomone, for striking Lieutenant C. C. Skelton, whilst ashore in the execution of his duty on the 24 May. Sonce the charge was not proved the prisoner was acquitted.

31 May 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on John Goodman, a marine serving on the Trusty, for robbery, desertion and quitting his post when sentinel. On being found guilty he was sentenced to death.

31 May 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Thomas Hilton, a seaman, also serving on the Trusty, for assisting John Goodman in taking away a ship's boat, and for robbery and desertion. On being found guilty he was sentenced to 500 lashes and to forfeit all his pay.

17 Jun 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial, assembled on board his Majesty's ship Gladiator to inquire into the cause and circumstances of the loss of the Danae, by mutiny, and to try Captain Lord Proby, his officers, and ship's company, for their conduct upon that occasion. And having heard the evidence produced, and completed the inquiry, and having maturely and deliberately weighed and considered the whole, the Court is of opinion, that the loss of the Danae was caused by a mutiny of part of the crew, which took place on board her the 14th of March last, who obtained possession of the ship, navigated her to Conquest, in France, and delivered her up to French troops. That Captain Lord Proby, his officers, and those of the ship's company now present, and whose names are stated in the minutes, made every exertion in their power to quell the mutiny, and preserve the Danae; and doth adjudge them to be acquitted. and the said Captain Lord Proby, his officers, and those of the said ship's company now present, are hereby honourably acquitted accordingly.

27 Jun 1800 Portsmouth a Court Martial was held on Tuesday, on board the Gladiator, in this harbour, on Mr. William O'Kelly, Surgeon of HM gun vessel Sparkler, who was charged by Lieutenant WALKER, Commander of the Sparkler, that on the 25 May last he behaved in a mutinous, riotous, and disorderly manner, disobeyed his orders, struck Mr. Allen (the Clerk), and said he did not care a damn for the Lieutenant or his orders ; and, after being under arrest, for snapping a loaded pistol several times at the centinel on his post. Evidence having been examined on the part of the prosecution, and hearing the defence of the Prisoner, the Court was of opinion, that the charges having been proved in part against the said Mr. O'Kelly, sentenced him to be imprisoned in the Marshalsea for two years, and to forfeit all his pay."

25 Jun 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on seamen John White and John Furlong, of the Pomone. On being found guilty they were sentenced to 200 lashes each, through the fleet, and to forfeit all their pay.

26 Jun 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, which was adjourned until Saturday 28th on Captain Alms, his officers and the men, for the loss of the Repulse on the coast of France. The court was of the opinion that the First Lieutenant, Mr. Rothery, and the Master, Mr. Finn, had disobeyed the Captain's orders and they were sentenced to be dismissed the service, whilst Captain Alms, his other officers and the men were honourably acquitted.

1 Jul 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Mr. John Shea, Purser of the Beaver, for having disposed of provisions entrusted to him contrary to instructions and made a false entry in the ship's books and having, on a number of occasions, treated his captain with insolence, contempt and disrespect, and for being absent without leave. The charges were proved in part and Mr. Shea was reprimanded and admonished to be more circumspect in the future.

2 Jul 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, for the trial of Lieutenant William Walker, commanding HM gun-vessel Sparkler, on a charge of having repeatedly answered, at the time of muster, for men who ran away from the boat, and said they were on liberty ; and also for having answered for his own child, aged one year, rated A. B. and said he was on shore on duty ; and for having sent one of the ship's company (then on board) assuming the name of William Walker, his son, and received five pounds bounty, in Portsmouth ; and of having shortened the fresh provisions from the ship's company, and drew it onshore for the use of his own table, and sent salt herrings on board, which he vended to the crew without a vegetable of any species ; and that he also drew the full provisions for fifty men, that complement not being complete. The Court being of opinion that, the charges had been in part proved against the said Lieutenant William Walker, did adjudge him to be dismissed from his Majesty's service.

2 Jul 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, for the trial of John Duncan, late a seaman belonging to HM late ship Hermione, for having murdered the Officers of the said ship, or being aiding and assisting therein ; and for having aided and assisted in carrying the said ship to La Guira, and delivering her up to the enemy. The Court were of opinion, that the charges had been proved against the said John Duncan, and did adjudge him to suffer death, by being hanged by the neck on board such ship of his Majesty and at such time and place, as the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty should direct. On the 10th he was executed on board the Puissant, agreeably to the sentence of the Court. About a quarter of an hour before he was turned off. he addressed the ship's company, and said how justly he was condemned for being concerned in one of the worst of crimes, and warned them from ever being concerned in such an act of atrocity.

11 Jul 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in the harbour, for the trial of Joseph Brown, a seaman belonging to HM sloop Fairy, for desertion. The Court were of opinion, that the charge had been proved against the prisoner ; but in consideration of his very good character, and particularly his great exertions and meritorious conduct on board the Impregnable after she was ashore, and other circumstances, he was only sentenced to be mulcted of his pay.

30 Jul 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator in this Harbour, for the trial of Bartholomew Porter, a seaman belonging to the Sophie, for desertion. The charges not being proved, the prisoner was acquitted.

30 Jul 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator in this Harbour, for the trial of Arthur Hughes, a seaman belonging to the Sophie, for desertion and being found guilty, was sentenced to receive 300 lashes.

30 Jul 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator in this Harbour, for the trial of Thomas Nelson, a supernumerary seaman belonging to the Royal William, for having on the 14 June used reproachful and provoking speeches to a man who had given evidence before a Court Martial held for the trial of one of the Mutineers of the Hermione. The prisoner being found guilty, he was sentenced to be imprisoned two years in the Marshalsea.

31 Jul 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, for the trial of John Watson and James Allen, two seamen late belonging to the Hermione, for being concerned in the mutiny on board the said ship, and in carrying her into La Guira. The charges being proved against the prisoners, they were sentenced to suffer death, by being hanged by the neck, on board such ship or ships as the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty should direct. The prisoner, John Watson, appeared to be nearly 60 years of age, and, previous to the mutiny, had pretended to be afflicted by blindness, on which account he had been excused doing duty aloft ; but he took a very active part in the mutiny. The prisoner, James Allen, had been servant to the second Lieutenant previous to the mutiny, and was then about 14 years of age ; but, it appeared, he had also been very active in the mutiny, and had even assisted in the murder of his own master. The principal witness against Allen was Parrot, late butcher on board the Hermione, who deposed, that on the night the mutiny took place he was seated on a chest in the gun-room. He then observed a band of murderers dragging the second Lieutenant across the deck, who repeatedly stretched out his hand, crying, ""Mercy! Mercy!"" He was drawn up the ladder by the hair of his head, after receiving many wounds. Parrot declared that at this moment he saw the second Lieutenant's servant, James Allen, with a tomahawk or hatchet in his hand, and that he exclaimed, ""let me have a cut at him;'' on saying which he dreadfully wounded his own master. On receiving this deposition from Parrot, a general groan of horror was heard in Court. Every thing, however, that naval justice could devise was exercised on behalf of the prisoner; but the very witnesses called by him ultimately proved of disadvantage to himself ! Both Allen and Watson came home to England in the Prince of Wales, but were not recognized till their arrival. Allen, to the last, denied having struck his master. As to the particulars of the murder of Captain PIGOT, of the Hermione, it appeared, that hearing a noise upon deck, he immediately ran out of his cabin, when being badly and repeatedly wounded, he was at length obliged to return. He had reached his cabin, and was sitting on a couch, faint with the loss of blood, when four men entered with bayonets fixed. Crawley headed them. Captain PIGOT, weak as he was, held out his dirk, and kept them off. They seemed for a moment appalled at the sight of their Commander, when Crawley exclaimed, ""What, four against one, and yet afraid ? Here goes then,"" and buried his bayonet in the body of Captain Pigot. He was followed by the others, who, with their bayonets, thrust him through the port, and be was heard to speak as he went a-stern."

5 Sep 1800 Portsmouth, a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in this Harbour, on Mr. George Hudson, Surgeon of the Beaver, for striking and using reproachful language to Lieutenant Symons, of the said ship. The charge having been proved against the said Mr. George Hudson, and as the offence falls under the 22d Article of War, the Court did, therefore, adjudge him to suffer death on board such ship of His Majesty, at Spithead, or in Portsmouth Harbour, and at such time, as the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of Great Britain and Ireland, &c. or any three of them for the time being, should direct. But it appearing that the offence proceeded from an error in judgment of the said George Hudson.; and the Court being fully convinced thereof, by the contrition he repeatedly exhibited as soon as he was aware of the same, and by his very earnest desire to make atonement for the offence the Court did, in the most earnest and impressive manner, recommend the said George Hudson for mercy. Since which we are happy to say he has received His Majesty's most gracious pardon.

11 Sep 1800 Portsmouth, A Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator on Lieutenant E. H. Clark, of the Alliance, for absenting himself without leave. The charge being fully proved, he was sentenced to be dismissed H. M. service, and rendered incapable of serving in any capacity whatever in the Royal Navy.

16 Sep 1800 Portsmouth, Lieutenant Pacy, of the Beaver, was tried by a Court Martial, held on board the Gladiator, for Disobedience of Orders; and being found Guilty, he was dismissed his ship, and put at the bottom of the list.

23 Sep 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Lieutenant Pacy of the Beaver, for disobedience of orders and was found guilty and dismissed his ship and placed at the bottom of the Lieutenant's List.

15 Oct 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Thomas M'Cartey, a seaman belonging to the Melpomene, for desertion. The sentence being proved he was sentenced to be hanged. There appears to be a bit of history behind the reason for such a severe sentence : this was the third time of his desertion after receiving each time the bounty for entering into the service : in addition he lied when entering the service, giving incorrect information regarding his place of birth, religion and former service. He is the first seaman to be condemned to death for desertion during the present war, but there have been 300 instances of desertion at Portsmouth in the previous 5 months and it was considered that in view of the effect desertion was having on the manning of ships an example should be set.

15 Oct 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Joseph Wright, alias Marr, a seaman from the Otter, for desertion and taking a ship's boat. He was found guilty and was sentenced to receive 200 lashes, and to forfeit all his pay.

15 Oct 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on James Keeting, a Royal Marine, of the Terrible, on charges of disobedience and striking a serjeant ; he was found guilty and sentenced to 200 lashes.

27 Oct 1800 27 Oct 1800 Portsmouth a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator for the trial of John Brown, a private marine belonging to the Cumberland for writing a disrespectful letter reflecting on the conduct of Captain Gardiner, of the Marines, and. Captain Growes, and on William Dean, and Thomas Taylor, private marines, for abetting and advising the said John Brown in his libellous and seditious conduct, and for endeavouring to propagate the same disrespectful spirit amongst the ship's company. The charges being proved against the prisoners, Brown was sentenced to receive 100 lashes, and the two others 50 lashes each.

27 Oct 1800 27 Oct 1800 Portsmouth a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator for the trial of William M'Milladge, a seaman belonging to the Trent, who was tried for having, with two others, not yet taken, run away with the King's boat from alongside the Perseverance hulk. The charge not being proved against the prisoner, he was acquitted.

30 Oct 1800 30 Oct 1800 Portsmouth a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator for the trial of John Brown, a seaman of the Oiseau, who was tried for having left his duty when on shore, and absented himself from the ship without leave ; and, being found guilty, was sentenced to forfeit three months pay for his services on board the said ship, and to be reprimanded and admonished to be careful of his conduct in future.

30 Oct 1800 30 Oct 1800 Portsmouth a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator for the trial of Thomas Powell, a corporal of marines, and John Herbert, a private marine, belonging to the Juste, were tried for having deserted from the said ship while on shore on duty at the dock-yard, and found guilty, but in consideration of their good characters, the Court sentenced the former to be reduced to a private marine and receive fifty lashes, and the latter to receive fifty lashes.

14 Nov 1800 Portsmouth a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator for the trial of William Ellis, who was taken as one of the crew onboard L'Eole French privateer, at her capture on the 27 June last, by the Dryad and sent to Spithead in the Serpent sloop, and who turned out to be a subject of this country, and had deserted from the Fame prison ship in December, 1798. The Court being of opinion that the charges had been proved against the prisoner, did therefore adjudge him to suffer Death, by being hanged on board such of his Majesty's ships at Spithead as the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty should direct. On the morning of the 17th the above unhappy man was executed on board the Puissant, at Spithead, pursuant, to his sentence.

22 Nov 1800 Portsmouth a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator for the trial of Andrew Dryden, of the Santa Margarita, for desertion. The charge being proved, he was sentenced to receive fifty lashes, and forfeit all his pay.

29 Nov 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, of Mr. William Matthew, Gunner of the Serpent, for drunkenness, for which he was found guilty and was to be publicly reprimanded.

6 Dec 1800 Portsmouth, a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator, for the trial of John Haulen, boatswain of the Hussar, for drunkenness and disobedience of orders, at different times. The Charges being proved against the Prisoner, he was adjudged to be dismissed from the service, and rendered incapable of ever serving as an Officer in the Royal Navy again.

10 Dec 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, of John Hubbard and George Hynes, seamen from the St. George, for an unnatural crime, for which they were found guilty and sentenced to death.

10 Dec 1800 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Jeremiah Croning, a seaman from the Ramilies, for insolent and contempuous behaviour to the first lieutenant of that ship, and taking him by the collar. The charges being proved he was sentenced to 150 lashes, to forfeit his pay and to 2 years solitary confinement in Marshalsea Prison.

1 Apr 1801 a Court Martial was held on board his Majesty's ship Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, for the trial of Captain Duncan, his Officers, and ship's company, for the loss of the Scout sloop, on the Shingles, in her passage through the Needles.
After hearing the narrative of Captain Duncan, the Court was of opinion that the loss of the said sloop was occasioned by her being drifted on the Shingles by the rapidity of the tide, after she was tacked, and before she got head-way through the water, the ship having put in stays, by the Pilot's directions, whilst the proper mark (being; the light of Hurst Castle,) was in sight, and that no blame was imputable to the said Captain Henry Duncan, his Officers, the Pilot, or ship's company, for their conduct upon that occasion.

1 Apr 1801 a Court Martial was held on board his Majesty's ship Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, Andrew M'Pherson, a seaman belonging to the Hind, was tried for desertion. He being found guilty, was sentenced to receive three dozen lashes on board the said ship.

9 Apr 1801 a Court Martial was held on board his Majesty's ship Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on John King, (2d,) John Betham, John Forest, William Byrne, A.M. Scott, Henry Blake, John Farish, and John Marsh, belonging to the Active frigate, for writing anonymous letters, endeavouring to make mutinous assemblies, and for uttering seditious and mutinous words. Evidence having been examined on the part of the prosecution, and the prisoners heard in their defence, the Court, after a mature and deliberate consideration, passed the following sentence : King, to receive 500 lashes ; Betham and Forest, 300 each, and Byrne, 50, from ship to ship ; Scott and Farish, three dozen each, on board their ship. Marsh was acquitted.

9 Apr 1801 a Court Martial was held on board his Majesty's ship Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, A. Patterson, belonging to the Active frigate, was tried, for desertion ; and being found guilty, he was sentenced to receive fifty lashes.

15 Apr 1801 a Court Martial was held on board his Majesty's ship Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, for the trial of Thomas Hall, William Bezen, and William Harris, seamen, belonging to the Liberty brig, for desertion. The prisoners were all found guilty, and sentenced to receive 100 lashes each.

28 Apr 1801 a Court Martial was held on board his Majesty's ship Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, for the trial of on Mr. Thomas Woolvar, Master of his Majesty's ship Pomone, for running her on thore at Spithead. It clearly appeared to the Court, that no blame could be attached to Mr. W. as the casualty was entirely caused by the wind shifting while the ship was in stays. He was therefore acquitted.

29 Apr 1801 a Court Martial was held on board his Majesty's ship Cambridge, flag ship in Hamoaze, on Captain Lloyd, of the Mars, and Lieutenants Burnet and Davis, of the Centaur, for those ships running foul of each other, off the Black Rocks, in the night of the 10th ult. when the Court honourably acquitted Captain Lloyd and Lieutenant Burnet, and sentenced Lieutenant Davis, of the Centaur, to lose 6 months rank, and be dismissed from HM ship Centaur.

6 May 1801 a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator, on Captain Dun, for the loss of HM ship Incendiary, which was taken by Admiral Gantheaume's squadron, in the Mediterranean. Lieutenant Jump, Commander of the Sprightly cutter, was also tried for her being taken by the same squadron. They were both acquitted.

7 May 1801 a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator, on Mr. J.R. Payne, purser of HM ship Hindostan, was tried by a Court-Martial, for absenting himself without leave, and defrauding several Officers and ship's crew of money due to them. The charge being proved, the Court adjudged him to be mulcted of all his pay, and other allowances due to him as Purser of the Hindostan, and to be imprisoned in the Marshalsea for six months.

21 May 1801 a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator, on Captain R. Philpot, of the Prompte, for suffering William Oates, a man supposed to belong to the Hermione, to escape from his ship. The Court agreed that the charge had been proved, and adjudged him to be reprimanded.

2 Jun 1801 a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Portsmouth, on ten seamen belonging to the Terpsichore, for desertion. Being found guilty, they were sentenced to receive six dozen lashes each, on board of their own ship, and to be mulcted of all their pay.

1 Jul 1801 a Court Martial was held, on board his Majesty's ship Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, for the trial of Adiel Powelson, alias Henry Poulson, and William Johnson, late of the Hermione, on charges of aiding in the murder of their officers, on board the said ship, and carrying her into La Guira. Poulson being found guilty of both charges, and Johnson of the latter, they were sentenced to be Hanged, Poulson being executed, on board the Puissant, the 14th inst. pursuant to the above sentence. But Johnson has been since pardoned.

11 Jul 1801 A Court Martial was held, on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Mr. Thomas Poppleton, Master of his Majesty's ship Malta, on a charge of his quitting Portsmouth, and going to London, without leave, after having been told by Captain Bertie, his commander, that he could not authorise his quitting this place. The charge not being proved, Mr. Poppleton was acquitted.

18 Jul 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in this Portsmouth on harbour on Lieutenant John Alexander Douglass, of his Majesty's sloop Hazard, for absenting himself from the said ship without leave. The charge being proved, he was sentenced to be dismissed his Majesty's Service,

18 Jul 1801 the trial of Captain Roberts, of the Serpent sloop of war, commenced also this day, on board the Gladiator at Portsmouth, charged with leaving his convoy. The Court not being able to hear all the evidence, necessarily adjourned until the 23d.

23 Jul 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Lieutenant Thomas Renwick, of his Majesty's ship St. Fiorenzo, for quitting the deck when he had the first watch, on the night of the 20th of March, without being regularly relieved ; and on Mr. Richard George Peacock, Master of the same ship, for not coming upon deck when he had the middle watch, on the same night, until he was sent for about a quarter past one o'clock. The Court agreed that the charges had been proved against them ; but, in consideration of their very high character, they were adjudged to be only reprimanded.

23 Jul 1801 Lieutenant Grant Allen, of the Escort gun-brig, was also tried, for returning to Spithead with dispatches with which he had been charged, for the Captains of his Majesty's ships Clyde, Loire, and Wolverene. The charge not being proved, he was acquitted accordingly.

28 Jul 1801 taken into dock in Portsmouth harbour to be repaired.

17 Aug 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Lieutenant Croad, of the De Ruyter, for drunkenness. The charge being proved, he was sentenced to be dismissed his Majesty's service.

20 Aug 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on the Hon. Captain John Murray and his Officers, of his Majesty's late ship Jason, for the loss of that ship at St. Maloes. After a full investigation, Captain Murray and his Officers were acquitted.

20 Aug 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Francis Long, Carpenter of the Solebay, for drunkenness. The charge being proved, he was sentenced to be dismissed his Majesty service.

24 Aug 1801 remains in Portsmouth harbour as a Store ship.

25 Aug 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, for the trial of Thomas Crampton, a seaman belonging to HM ship Triumph, for using contemptuous language to, and threatening to strike, Mr. Slaughter, a Midshipman. The charge being proved, he was sentenced to receive three dozen lashes.

26 Aug 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Mr. William Macleod, Purser of the Fly, sloop, for not supplying the said ship with necessary stores, drunkenness, and neglect of duty ; and being found guilty thereof, he was sentenced to be dismissed from HM service.

26 Aug 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on John Pearce, late belonging to the Hermione, was also tried, on a charge of having aided in the murder of the Officers on, board the said ship, and carrying her into La Guira. The charge being fully proved, the Court adjudged that he should suffer Death. 31 Aug 1801 The above unhappy man was executed on board the Puissant, at Spithead, pursuant to his sentence. He behaved with great penitence and resignation.

1 Sep 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, to try Captain Solomon Ferris, his Officers, and ship's company, for the loss of his Majesty's ship Hannibal, in Algeziras Bay, on the 6th of July, 1801. In giving a detail of the circumstances, which led to the loss of HM late ship the Hannibal, then under my command, I am sorry, that, owing to my clerk being killed, and whose remarks were lost, I cannot be so particular, as to the exact times of signals being made, as I otherwise should have been ; but I shall state them to you, to the best of my recollection.
On the morning of the 6th of July last, at or about six o'clock, HM ships Venerable, Pompee, Audacious, Ceasar, Spencer, and Hannibal, under the command of Rear-Admiral Sir James Saumarez, being off Cabareta Point, and standing in for Algeziras Bay upon the larboard tack, with the wind westerly, the Admiral made the signal to the Venerable, to know if she could fetch the enemy's ships then in sight in that bay, which being answered in the affirmative, the Admiral made the signal for close action.
At about eight o'clock, the Venerable began the action, at a considerable distance to leeward, as she could not fetch further than into the bay ; and soon after the Pompée anchored nearer in shore, and the Audacious astern of her. The Admiral, in the Caesar, next anchored ahead of the Audacious, and made the signal for the ships to anchor in the best possible manner for their mutual support. We then anchored ahead of the Caesar, within hail of her and by a spring, got our broadside to bear on one of the enemy's line of battle ships, at about ten minutes before nine o'clock, where we kept up a good fire for about an hour.
At this time, about ten o'clock, not having understood some verbal directions, attempted to be given from the Caesar, I received an order from the Admiral by an Officer, to go and rake the French Admiral instantly, who turned up the hands to make sail, cut the cable, and cast the ship by the spring and made sail to the northward, stood in, to a quarterless six, and then tacked for the French Admiral, for the purpose I had been ordered to effect.
As I approached him, I began to take in sail in such a manner as would have enabled me to have hauled in shore athwart his hawse, and which I preferred to going to leeward under his stern, as that might have subjected me, from the variable flaws of wind, to have drifted farther to leeward, and consequently without fulfilling, in a manner which I deemed the must effectual and decisive, the object of my orders.- But, just as I got the fore clewgarnets manned, in order to take in the fore-sail, with an intent to put the helm a-lee, and to brace the head yards a-box, the ship took the ground, within hail of the Formidable (the French Admiral's ship), and which accident alone could have prevented me from putting my orders in execution.
In this situation I opened my fire on the French Admiral, with as many of my foremost guns as could be brought to bear on him, the rest being directed, with much effect, on the town, batteries and gun-boats, with which I was surrounded. But the ship appearing to swing a little, I let go the bower anchor and cut the cable, the stream cable being clenched to the ring of the anchor, and in at the gun-room port, on which I intended to heave a strain, to endeavour to force the ship round, so as to bring her broadside to bear on the French Admiral (having at this time no hope of getting the ship entirely afloat, the master having, by my directions, sounded round her, and found rather less water than where she lay) ; but the spring being shot away before it was well taught, the shp remained immoveable. I had by this time, after much endeavour, all my signal haulyards being shot away, effected making the signal for striking and sticking fast on a shoal.
I observed some time afterwards all our ships driving out of the bay, the Admiral having previously made my signal of recall, and sent a boat from the Caesar and another from the Venerable to my assistance : but finding they could afford me none, I sent the Venerable's boat back, and the crew of the Caesar's in one of my own cutters, their pinnace having been sunk by a shot alongside.
About twelve o'clock our ships were all out of gunshot of the enemy, and we had the fire of the whole French squadron, batteries, and gun-boats, to contend with alone ; against which we continued to keep up as brisk a fire as could be expected, even by men in the most sanguine expectation of victory, until nearly two o'clock.
I had been before this time receiving repeated reports from several of my Officers of the numbers killed and wounded, and of many of my guns being rendered unserviceable ; and seeing many of my brave crew every moment falling at their quarters, and the ship, in all respects, but little better than a wreck, I thought proper to call my Officers together, and asked their opinion, whether more could be done for the preservation of the ship; they replied, that they thought it was impossible to do more, and that to strike the colours was the only means of preserving the lives of those that remained.
On these considerations, and from a conviction of having experienced every possible assistance that the persevering endeavours of zealous and brave officers and men could afford me, whose exertions, and those of Lieutenant Hills in particular, who did duty as my First Lieutenant, during the action and for some time before, I shall ever remember with the greatest gratitude ; and seeing that our hitherto very effective fire on the enemy's ships and batteries was now so slackened as to be nearly useless, I ordered the firing to cease, and the people to shelter themselves as much as possible; and in a little time afterwards I submitted to the painful necessity of ordering his Majesty's colours to be hauled down. The Court, on hearing the narrative of Captain Ferris, and the evidence of the Officers and ship's company, and, after mature deliberation, was of opinion that the loss of his Majesty's ship Hannibal was caused by her grounding on a shoal in the Bay of Algeziras, ahead of the French Admiral, when Captain Ferris, her Commander, agreeably to the orders he had received, was making the gallant and well-judged attempt to place her so as to rake the enemy ; and, after a considerable part of the ship's company had been killed, or wounded, being obliged to strike his Majesty's Colours ; and that the conduct of Captain Ferris, in going into the action was that of an excellent, and expert seaman, and that his conduct after she, was engaged, was that of a brave, cool, and determined Officer ; and that the said Captain Ferris, his Officers, and ship's, company, by their conduct throughout the action, more particularly in continuing it for a considerable time after she was on shore, and the rest of his Majesty's fleet had been obliged to quit her, did the utmost for the preservation of his Majesty's ship and the honour of the British flag ; and doth adjudge them to be honourably acquitted, and the said Captain Solomon Ferris, his Officers, and ship's company are hereby honourably acquitted accordingly.
This handsome and highly honourable acquittal was immediately followed by the return of Captain Ferris's sword to him by the President, who was pleased, in a manner that did honour to his feelings, to address him in the following words :
Captain Ferris, I have great pleasure in returning this sword to you, as I feel assured, if ever you have occasion to unsheathe it again, it will be used with the same gallantry which you so nobly displayed in defending his Majesty's ship Hannibal.
It is with the greatest satisfaction we have been enabled to insert the above very interesting particulars. The testimonies adduced of the intrepid and persevering gallantry displayed by the Captain, his Officers, and all concerned in the action, and the very honourable acquittal they have received, will render the loss of the above ship an event as glorious in the annals of naval heroism, as any to be found among the most successful of our achievements.

7 Sep 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, for the trial of Francis Smith, Surgeon's Mate of his Majesty's ship Ganges, for drunkenness and neglect of duty. The charges being clearly proved, he was rendered incapable of ever serving in HM Navy in any capacity.

12 Sep 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on John Williams, for aiding and assisting in the mutiny on board the Danae frigate, carrying her into Conquet, and there delivering her up to the enemy. The charge being fully proved, he was condemned to be hung on board a ship, and at a time, to be appointed by the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty.

25 Sep 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Mr. Robert Welch, Surgeon of the Dutch ship De Rujter, in HM service, at the request of Samuel Mark Holliday, First Lieutenant of the said ship, for treating him with contempt, and disobedience of orders. The charges were in no part proved, but found frivolous and vexatious and he was acquitted accordingly.

30 Sep 1801 a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on the trial of Joseph Williamson, Thomas Oxford, John Daniel, Robert Phillips, and Charles Turner, seamen belonging to HM ship Glenmore, for mutiny, and taking an oath not to proceed to sea while the ship was commanded by Captain Talbot. The charges being proved against Joseph Williamson, and Thomas Oxford, the Court adjudged them to suffer Death ; and not being proved against John Daniel Robert Phillips, and. Charles Turner, they were acquitted.
8 Oct 1801 Joseph Williamson was executed on board the Glenmore frigate, at Spithead, agreeable to his sentence. Thomas Oxford, who received the same sentence, was respited during his Majesty's pleasure.

26 Oct 1801 a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, for the trial of John Murray, corporal of Marines, for absenting himself from his post at the dock-gates of this port, and for getting drunk and using insolent and mutinous expressions upon his return to the ship. The charge being fully proved, the Court adjudged him to be reduced to a private, and to receive 100 lashes.

27 Oct 1801 a Court-Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Mr. William Lind, Surgeon of the Star sloop, for neglect of duty ; and being found guilty thereof, he was dismissed from his office of Surgeon.

3 Nov 1801 A Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Captain John Gardner, of his Majesty's brig Star. The charges were exhibited against him by Mr. William Lind, late Surgeon of the Star, for cruel, oppressive, and tyrannical treatment of his Officers for having traded in slaves, and various articles, on the Coast of Madagascar, and for having plundered a French prisoner. A number of witnesses having been examined, consisting, of the Officers and ship's company of the Star, the Court decided that the charges have not been proved against the said Captain John Gardner, but are ill founded, malicious, vexatious, scandalous, arid infamous, and doth adjudge him to be honourably acquitted.

14 Nov 1801 a Court-Martial was held yesterday, and continued by adjournment until this day, on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Vice-Admiral Sir William Parker, Bart.
The charge was, "Sending the America and Cleopatra to the West Indies, and permitting them to cruise there, contrary to the orders of the Lords of the Admiralty."
Sir William made a defence so forcible, convincing, and exculpatory, as impressed the whole Court not only with a complete conviction of his innocence, but also of his having acted upon principles dictated by an ardent desire to serve the country. His sentiments were given with a particular perspicuity, without any artifice of logical arrangement or rhetorical figure. He made no appeal to the passions. All he delivered was dictated by truth : in language captivating from its simplicity, and irresistibly persuasive from its energy, manliness, and sincerity. After the above defence was made, Captains J.O. Hardy and Bingham, and the Rev. Mr. Souter, his Secretary, being examined, fully verified every particular he had offered in his vindication to the Court, which was then adjourned until this morning. The Court being resumed, delivered the following acquittal. That Vice-Admiral Sir William Parker, Bart was justified in sending his Majesty's ships America and Cleopatra to the West Indies ; that the Vice-Admiral was indiscreet in having given such detailed instructions to their Captains for their return within the limits of their station ; but the general character of the Vice-Admiral is such as to preclude the idea that he had been guided by any motive unconnected with the good of his Majesty's service, and do therefore adjudge him to be acquitted.
The President, on returning his sword to the Vice-Admiral, addressed him thus : " Sir William Parker, it is a pleasing task which remains for me to perform, that of delivering to you a sword which you have worn with so much honour."
The bells at Portsmouth rung immediately on the information being conveyed from the Gladiator, of the acquittal of this gallant and meritorious Officer, who afterwards landed amidst the plaudits and acclamations of all descriptions of persons, and was further flattered by receiving the congratulations and greetings of all the Admirals and the Heads of the Civil and Military Departments.
Vice Admiral Sir William Parker, Bart, is the same who so gallantly distinguished himself in the glorious actions of the 29th of May, 1794, and 14th of February, 1797. In the former, when commanding the Audacious, of 74 guns, he engaged the Revolutionnaire, of 110 guns, which ship struck to the Audacious, but escaped from the darkness of the night. In the latter, his flag was flying on board the Prince George, in which glorious achievement, under the gallant Earl St. Vincent, he was materially instrumental in gaining the justly acquired laurels which grace and adorn his Lordship's brow. The page of history, embellished by the brilliant deeds of the naval heroes of this war, will be proud to see the name of the brave Admiral amidst the patriotic sons of Neptune, whose services Britain acknowledges with admiring rapture, and whose deeds will be an example for a future generation to imitate.

15 Dec 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, to try Lieutenant Joseph Murray, of the Guildford prison-ship, for the embezzlement of stores ; also on Mr. William Bell, Carpenter of the Royal William, charged with the like offence. After a full investigation of the charges, they were both acquitted.

22 Dec 1801 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, for the trial of Mr. William Metcalfe, Carpenter of the Resistance, for neglect of duty and contempt to his superior Officer. The charge being proved, he was dismissed the service, and rendered incapable of serving as an Officer again.

4 Jan 1802 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, on Thomas Drokin, a marine, belonging to HM ship Acasta, for throwing a glass bottle at his Corporal, using mutinous expressions, and behaving in other respecls disorderly. The charges being fully established, he was sentenced to be hung ; and he has been accordingly executed on board of the Acasta, at Spithead.

6 Jan 1802 Pursuant to an order from the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, a Court-Martial was held this day, on board the Gladiator in Portsmouth harbour, for the trial of the following persons for Mutiny on board the Temeraire, in Bantry Bay, viz.
John Matfield, late Captain of the Forecastle, John Cuminos, late Captain of the Forecastle, Christopher White, late Captain of the Forecastle, James Ward, belonging to the Forecastle, William Hillier, belonging to the Foretop, James Chesterman, belonging to the Forecastle, John Fitzgerald, Captain of the Foretop, John Collins, the Ship's Butcher, John Daley, Thomas Cross, belonging to the Foretop, Joseph Rowland, a Carpenter, James Lockyer belonging to the Maintop, Thomas Jones, and William Cooke.
The charges were :
1st. Making, or endeavouring to make, mutinous assemblies. 2d. Uttering seditious expressions ; and for concealing traitorous and seditious words spoken, and tending to the hindrance of his Majesty's service, and not revealing the same to their Commanding Officer. 3d. Being present at such mutiny and sedition, and not using their utmost endeavours to suppress the same, between the 1st and 11th day of December, 1801.
[Regret that in view of the length of the transcript I'm unable to include the details of the trial. See page 46 of Vol 7 of the Naval Chronicle for 1802.]
15 Jan 1802 the yellow flags, the usual signals for punishment, were hoisted on board the Temeraire, Formidable, and Majestic, and the following prisoners, convicted by the above Court-Martial, and sentenced to die, were brought out to suffer : Chesterman, Collins, Hillier, and Fitzgerald, on board the Temeraire ; Ward on board the Majestic, and Mayfield on board the Formidable.

14 Jan 1802 Pursuant to an order from the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, a Court-Martial was held this day, on board the Gladiator in Portsmouth harbour, for the trial of the following persons for Mutiny on board in Bantry Bay, viz.
John Allen, George Dixon, Edward Taylor, James Riley, George Comayne, Thomas Simmonds.
Following the trial the prisoners were put to the bar, and the Judge Advocate, in the same form as upon the last trial, read the Sentence, declaring Allen, Taylor, Dixon, RHej^nd Simmonds, guilty of the charges against them, and awarding judgment of Death ; and Comayne in part Guilty, and ordering him to receive 200 lashes.
19 Jan 1802 in the morning, Taylor, Allen, Dixon, Riley, and Simmonds were executed, agreeably to the above sentence. The three former suffered on board the Achille, and the two latter on board the Centaur.
[Regret that in view of the length of the transcript I'm unable to include the details of the trial. See page 80 of Vol 7 of the Naval Chronicle for 1802.]

22 Jan 1802 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, on Captain Sir Edward Hamilton, Commander of H.M. ship Trent, for seizing Mr. William Bowman, an elderly gunner, and four of his crew, in the main rigging, on the 11th instant. Sentence of the Court Dismissal from H.M. Service.

3 Feb 1802 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, to try James Pollard, a marine, belonging to HM ship Aurora for desertion. The charge being proved, he was sentenced to receive 200 lashes.

13 Feb 1802 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, to try William Miller, alias Bower, for murdering the Officers of his Majesty's ship Hermione, or being aiding and assisting therein, and for having aided and assisted in carrying the said ship to La Guira, and delivering her up to the enemy. The Court agreed that the latter charge had been fully proved against the Prisoner, and did adjudge him to be hanged. He has been since executed.

18 Mar 1802 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, to try Joseph Ashby, a Marine, belonging to HM ship Texel, for desertion. The charge being proved, he was sentenced to receive 200 lashes.

18 Mar 1802 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, to try George Everett, belonging to HM sloop Stork, for stealing three guineas and some shillings from F. Wilson, the charge being in part proved, he was sentenced to receive three hundred lashes.

22 Mar 1802 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, to try Serjeant Charles Cubitt, of the Trusty, for drunkenness and neglect of duty. The charges were fully proved, but, in consideration of his very good character, and particularly for his conduct in the mutiny of the Nore, in supplying the Officers with arms, &c. he was only adjudged to be severely reprimanded.

24 Mar 1802 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, to try Jeremiah Hagerty, of the Standard, for stealing from another seaman, about £50. The charge not being proved, he was acquitted.

30 Mar 1802 a Court Martial was held on board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, to try Thomas Williams, alias David Forrester, late belonging to his Majesty's ship Hermione, for having murdered the Officers of that ship, or been aiding and assisting therein, and for carrying the said ship to La Guiru, and delivering her up to the enemy. The charges being read, the witnesses, except Lieutenant Southcott, were ordered out of Court, when he was sworn, and asked by the President. Having nothing else to offer in his behalf, the Court was cleared, and in less than an hour it was re-opened, when the following sentence was pronounced, that:- The Court was of opinion the charges had been proved against the said David Forrester, and did adjudge him to suffer Death, by being hanged by the neck on board such ship of his Majesty at Spithead, or in Portsmouth Harbour, and at such time as the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or any three of them, for the time being, should direct. He was accordingly executed the 1st of April, on board the Gladiator.

1 Apr 1802 Thomas Williams, alias David Forrester, late belonging to his Majesty's ship Hermione hung, and, I gather, somewhat unusually, the execution was visible from Forth Blockhouse and from the shore at Gosport.

27 Jun 1803 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Portsmouth, on Mr D Lawson, Carpenter of the Nemesis, for drunkenness, and the charge being proved he was dismissed the service.

27 Jun 1803 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Portsmouth, on David Jones, and William Gardner, of the Nemesis, for desertion, and the charge being proved they were sentenced to 50 lashes each.

1 Jul 1803 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Portsmouth, on John Desmond of the Alcmene, for robbing one of the prizes captured by that ship of several serons of indigo ; and the prisoner being found guilty he was sentenced to 300 lashes round the fleet, and forfeit his prize money. Desmond was noted as being an old and notorious offender who had been on one of the hulks for 7 years and at the last assizes was tried for stealing, and then escaped merely though a flaw in the the indictment.

2 Aug 1803 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Portsmouth, on Evan Griffiths, a marine, belonging to the Pearl, for disobedience of orders, when the charge was proved and he was sentenced to received 50 lashes.

10 Aug 1803 following the sound of guns warning of a French invasion Adm Holloway shifted his flag from the Gladiator to the Magnificent at St Helen's, and put to sea ; with the Orpheus, Galatea, and Starling. Following a night of many alarms and excursions the warning turned out to have been caused by the approach of a fleet of coasters, in company with several American vessels to the south of the Isle of Wight.

Circa 19 Aug 1803 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Portsmouth, on Mr J Brown, Boatswain of the Argo, on a charge of causing the death of his yeoman, with blows and other violence. The charge was not proved, being malicious and ill-founded and he was acquitted.

24 Sep 1803 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator at Portsmouth on Joseph Gelegan, of the Cerberus, for insolence to officers, and for mutinous expressions. The charges being proved he was sentenced to 100 lashes and 2 years in prison in the Marshalsea.

26 Sep 1803 reported in the Hampshire Telegraph that the schooner Ant has sent into Spithead the American ship Providence, bound from Baltimore to Amsterdam. The Providence was reputed to be carrying Jerome Bonaparte, and his companion, a M. Arnauld, but identifying the French gentlemen was another matter, and whilst one officer who was reputed to know him and had identified him, another officer was diffident, and the prisoners had been transferred to the Gladiator at Spithead.

10 Oct 1803 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator at Portsmouth on Lieut Molyneux, 1st Lt of the Courageux, Capt Hardy, on charges of contempt and disrespect, but not being substantiated he was acquitted.

7 Dec 1803 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator at Spithead on Lieut W H Douglas of the Apollo, for neglect of duty and disobedience ; the charge in part proved the court adjudged him to be reprimanded.

23 Dec 1803 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator at Spithead on Lieut R Crawford of the Diomede, for absenting himself without leave. He was sentenced to be admonished and to be more careful in future.

23 Dec 1803 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator at Spithead on John Roberts, Purser's Steward of the Aurora, for having embezzled a quantity of spirits, and selling it to the ship's company ; and on R Prince, who assisted in the Steward's Room, as an accomplice in the theft. Roberts was sentenced to be mulcted of his pay, and one year's confinement in the Marshalsea ; and Prince was acquitted.

3 Jan 1804 last night we were again alarmed by a signal from the Cumberland Fort, of the enemy being embarked at Dunkirk. Adm Holloway immediately shifted his flag from the Gladiator, in the harbour, to the Princess Royal, down at St Helen's, which with the Aurora, Diomede, Venus, Megaera, at Spithead, unmoored and prepared for action. Adm Holloway went down to St Helen's at midnight, and the Port Admiral (Montague) boat's crew were in waiting all night, and to forward any further instructions to the Admiral at St Helen's. At day-light the signal was made abortive, by the same ship's signal being made to moor again. Adm Holloway's flag continues to fly on board the Princess Royal.

27 Jan 1804 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Spithead, on Capt Austin Bissell, his officers and ship's company, to inquire into the circumstances surrounding the loss of the ship on the 2nd inst. The court being off the opinion that the loss was due to her leaky condition, they were all acquitted.

27 Jan 1804 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Spithead, on Mr W Talbot, master of the Speedy, was tried for absenting himself from duty without leave. He was sentenced to be dismissed his office as Master of the Speedy, and to serve as a petty officer in a warm climate.

Circa 13 Feb 1804 Mr Steward apptd to be surgeon of the Gladiator.

15 Feb 1804 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Spithead, on W Johnson, a seaman, of the Chichester, for desertion. On being found guilty he was sentenced to receive 50 lashes.

15 Feb 1804 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Spithead, on Mr W Rudgley, Boatswain of the Leviathan, was tried for absenting from duty himself without leave, and the charge being proved he was sentenced to be dismissed the Service.

20 Feb 1804 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Spithead, on Mr O'Reilly, purser of the Eurydice, for embezzling provisions : he was sentenced to forfeit double the value of 2 firkins of butter, sent on shore to be exchanged.

20 Feb 1804 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator, at Spithead, on T Mahoney, of the Leviathan, was sentenced to 300 lashes for disobedience of orders and contempt.

3 May 1804 Adm Holloway struck his flag, on board the Gladiator.

4 May 1804 R-.Adm Coffin, hoisted his flag on board the Gladiator, as Second in Command at Portsmouth.

Circa 7 Jan 1805 Mr Mitchell apptd to be Purser of the Gladiator.

Circa 7 Jan 1805 on Tuesday last Mr J Dow, Carpenter of the Calcutta, was tried on board the Gladiator for Drunkenness, and disobedience, by absenting himself several days together, from his duty. He was dismissed his office on board the Calcutta, and sentenced to serve in such situation, and on any of the ships the Commander in Chief of this port shall direct.

13 Mar 1804 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator adjudged that no blame was imputable to Lieut C.J. D'Auvergne, of the Severn, her then commanding officer, the officers and ship's company, for running her on shore in Gronville Bay, Jersey, and that their general conduct was highly meritorious, in their exertions to save their stores.

13 Mar 1804 a court martial was held on board the Gladiator adjudged Mr Stones, purser of the Megaera was dismiss from that ship, the charges in part, having been proved against him, of breaches of 19th, 22nd, and 27th Articles of War (irregularity in his office).

May 1805 Portsmouth ; Receiving Ship.

6 - 11 Mar 1807 Court-martial of Sir Home Popham for unapproved expedition to Buenos-Ayres, and leaving the Cape of Good Hope undefended.

5-6 Feb 1810, Court-martial assembled on board the Gladiator at Portsmouth, to try Captain Lake for having put a seaman of the Recruit on shore upon an uninhabited island. See Recruit for full details.