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Type: 6th rate ; Armament 26
Launched : 14 Jul 1840 ; Disposal date or year : 1869
BM: 906 tons
10 Jul 1840 Portsmouth, Fearless sailed to Pembroke with officers and men to take the Iris to Chatham. 25 Jul 1840 Pembroke Dock, launched Monday last. She was designed by Sir W. Symonds, and measures in length 131 feet, extreme breadth 40 feet 6 inches, depth in hold 10 feet 9 inches ; burden 911 tons. Mr. Easto, Master, from Chatham, had arrived with officers and seamen, to take the Iris to Chatham, where she could be docked and prepared for commission. 18 Aug 1840 arrived at Chatham from Pembroke, and to be fitted for sea. 31 Oct 1840, to be commissioned immediately by Captain Hugh Nurse, at Plymouth. 7 Nov 1840 Boatswain John Collins ; Gunner Hugh Gilbreath, appointed to the Iris. 21 Nov 1840 Lieutenants P. H. Dyke, W. Webster (b), and Henry Jenkins Robins ; Purser S. H. Manly ; Master N. J. Wood ; Volunteer First Class John J. S. Josling appointed to the Iris. 27 Nov 1840 Mate William Anson, appointed to the Iris. 5 Dec 1840 is fitting out at Chatham for the African station. An unfortunate accident recently took place on board - a seaman, who was on the main cap getting up the topmast, fell to the deck, and was killed. 26 Dec 1840 Chatham, is nearly ready for sea. Per a report made to Parliament in 1842, at some time during 1841 the 6th rate Iris, 26 guns, Complement: 205, was involved in combatting the Slave Trade and experienced 2 Deaths by Accident, Total No of Deaths 5, and I assume that the balance of deaths will be made up from those men who died from disease.
20 Jan 1841 fitting out in the river. 28 Jan 1841 Portsmouth, sailed for the coast of Africa, touching at Plymouth, to put on board the Inconstant 135 men from this port, for conveyance to the Mediterranean. 30 Jan 1841 Assistant Surgeon Dr. W. M’Dermott, of the Caledonia, appointed to the Iris ; 1 Feb 1841 arrived at Plymouth, from Portsmouth, en route for the coast of Africa. 18 Feb 1841 Plymouth, came into harbour on Monday and is to be docked, having touched the ground in passing through St. Helen's. 28 Feb 1841 Plymouth, having had her defects made good, went out of harbour into the Sound. 12 Mar 1841 Mate A. J. Lindsay, appointed to the iris. Circa 28 Apr 1841 per a complaint by Isabella Lightbourn to the Admiralty it is reported that the ship's boats were used to destroy houses and stores in the River Pongo, presumably understood to be the property of slave dealers and their associates, the River Pongo being a major base for this sort of activity and a place where many a slave ship has been arrested.
31 Jul 1841 Lieutenant B. J. Wilson, additional, appointed to the Iris, for service on the coast of Africa ; 5 Aug 1841 at Sea, Lat. 5° 28' N. Lat. 0° 45’ E. 31 Jul 1841 arrived at Accra, from a cruise, and sailed again on the 5th of August. 18 Oct 1841 the Iris and Acorn detained in lat. 4° 45' S. Long. 11° 2' E., after a chase of 10 hours, the Portuguese slave brigantine Erculos, which was sent for adjudication to the British and Spanish Mixed Court of Justice, Sierra Leone, and on 10 Nov 1841 sentenced to be condemned.
5 Nov 1841 detained in lat. 0° 31' N. Long. 6° 51' E., off St. Thomas, whilst returning from Cape Lopez the Portuguese slave schooner Formigo, A. Silveira, master, with 18 slaves on board, which was sent for adjudication to the British and Portuguese Court of Mixed Commission, Sierra Leone, and on 18 Dec 1841 sentenced to be condemned.
4 Dec 1841 Surgeon John Read, appointed to the Iris. Per a report made to Parliament in 1842, she was involved in combatting the Slave Trade in that year.
22 Jan 1842 detained off Popoe the Portuguese slave vessel Venus, alias Duquesa De Braganza, which was sent for adjudication to the Vice-Admiralty Court at Sierra Leone, and sentenced to be condemned. 7 Nov 1843 the proceeds arising due for payment.
ADM 344/1386 South China Sea: China, SE Coast: Zhujiang Kou, vicinity: Hong Kong; two items on one sheet: item 1, 'Hong Kong - As seen from Anchorage - Drawn by Lt L G Heath of HMS Iris, 1846' (1696a and 1696b), showing detailed shoreline, harbour, township, vessels (HM Ships Vixen and Minden); item 2, native craft and references to Trading Companies and facilities, annotated. Per National Archives www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue
July 1846 action against pirates in Borneo - see below - see also p. 332-> at at www.archive.org/details/royalnavyhistory06clow 12 Feb 1847 New colony of Labuan - see below
Jan 1848 Chatham, in Ordinary (reserve)
20 Dec 1848 Chatham.
29 Dec 1856 is being fitted out and has commissioned for the Australia Station at Chatham.
Late Jan 1857, Chatham, to go into dock to make good defects.
Mid Feb 1857, has been taken out of dock and is now ready for sea.
23 Feb 1857, left Sheerness under tow of the Cuckoo, to take her out of the R. Thames, to sail - experienced rough weather before arriving at Portsmouth, which took about a week or so to repair, before sailing for the Australia Station, via Plymouth, Rio de Janeiro, the Cape of Good Hope, St. Paul's Island.
7 Mar 1857, Portsmouth, sailed for the Australia Station, via China, with stores and troops for that station.
1 Jul 1857, arrived at Sydney.
Subsequent visits to Norfolk Island, Auckland, Lord Howe's Island, and return to Sydney.
Visits to New Hebrides, Island of Tanna, New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands, amd mentions of visits to New Britain, the coasts of New Guinea, the Solomon and Louisiade Archipelagoes, interspersed by visits to Sydney.
10 Sep 1857, at Sydney when the Duncan Dunbar was lost off the Heads.
Visit to Keppel Bay, to visit the failed gold diggings at Canoona, followed by calls at Melbourne and Tasmania, and a longer stay at New Zealand.
21 Apr 1860, at Aukland on the departure of the Elk for England.
Jun 1860, 75 men from the ship with the Naval Brigade, involved in putting down the insurrection in New Zealand.
4 Oct 1860, at Aukland and departure to England - icebergs - Cape Horn - the Falklands - St. Helema.
24 Jul 1861, return to Spithead.
3 Aug 1861, pay off at Chatham 1869. Sold as cable vessel
(From the Friend of China, August 17 .)
We have received from an authentic source a narrative of the late operations of the fleet under command of Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Cochrane against the Sultan of Borneo, which we lay before the public, trusting that it will correct any erroneous impressions which may have been conveyed by the garbled statements in the Singapore papers.
Forcing The Bruni River; Capture of Eight Forts, Mounting Forty-Nine Heavy Guns, the Town of Borneo, and Complete Success of British Policy.
The national policy of late years of Great Britain in her intercourse with the northern portion of Borneo, termed " Borneo Proper," has been moat praiseworthy and enlightened. The suppression of piracy - the abolition of slavery - the introduction of the usages of civilised life, and a fair and honourable commercial intercourse with its people, are the leading features of the late Government treaties; and in her efforts to obtain them, no system of aggression or aggrandisement had the least influence or in any way directed her conduct. Twelve months previous, in the presence of her sovereign, and his principal rajahs, a solemn and binding treaty for the .above purposes was concluded by the British Admiral, and willingly. agreed to in open conference by both contracting parties ; and the readiness of Sir Thomas Cochrane to comply with his part of it was seen in the entire destruction of those pirates who had infested the country, and from their strong holds bade defiance to the Sultan's wishes. He has had a vessel constantly cruising between Singapore, Sarawak, and Bruni ; and, in company with Captain Bethune and Mr. Brooke, personally interested himself and explored her coal mines, that it might be the means. even by government vessels, of opening a trade which might ultimately be of consequence to our merchants.
But scarcely was his squadron gone. than powerful and discontented chiefs represented to the Sultan (Oman Ali Saffadeen) the ruin of their resources. the destruction of their slave trade, and that England in forcing herself upon them had sinister views, which would end in the entire overthrow of their barbarous policy. The party, always strong, gathered strength by impunity, and as their lives had been passed in scenes of violence and rapine, they would not and could not sit down quietly and see the trade they gloried in sink, and a more just and humane one rise from its ruins ; they gradually cooled from the English party, then came in direct opposition, and finally, when the imbecile sultan had yielded an unwilling assent, rose up and massacred with horrible determination every leader of the British party that they thought formidable to their wretched interests. Pangeran Muds Hassim, Pangeran Buddeerdoon, Pangeran Ishmael, with other nobles of less note, were slaughtered by the Sultan's party, because they upheld, with honour and integrity the treaty so honourable to their country. The treaty was scorned by the conquering party. and in their daring defied us, threw up batteries at every defensible post, staked the main arms across in four fathoms, and attempted the life of a British officer (Commander Egerton,) by sending down presents, and begging his presence at Borneo to be introduced to the sultan, who it was stated was anxiously awaiting the arrival of the English allies ; but the treachery that would have cost him his kingdom, and his nobles their lives, was frustrated by one of those peculiar movements that look as if Providence had determined by one stroke to lay bare their perfidy, and heap punishment on the evil doers. A favourite servant of Pangeran Buddeerdoon " Joppa," who was present during the last moments of this gallant and virtuous man, was entrusted with his signet ring, and the dying words of the young chief was a prayer that he would escape, inform Mr. Brooke that a design was in force to take his life, to warn him of the fate of the English party, and told him to tell the Rajah (Brooke) that he died trusting in the Queen of England to avenge his murder and her insulted alliance. For months this trusty servant lived in perfect obscurity, narrowly watched and often threatened. When the Hazard (corvette) anchored off the mouth of the River Bruni, determined not to let such a favourable opportunity slip from his grasp, he swam the river, seized a canoe, and. in the dead of night shielded by rain, succeeded in passing the forts without a challenge, and soon trod in safety the deck of the corvette, acquainted Captain Egerton with the cabals of the court party. and warned him not to think of entering the river, as he had heard the chiefs debating his death and those of the boats' crews he intended taking up with him. Upon the receipt of this intelligence, the Hazard weighed anchor without communicating with Bruni, proceeded to Sarawak, gave all the necessary information to the Government Agent, received his despatches, and made all sail for Singapore, found the Admiral had left. and forwarded by various routes the unpleasant intelligence, which was by the Tenasserim (steamer) delivered to the naval Commander-in-Chief at Madras.
Veiling his intentions from every one, he waited only two days for his English mail. and at Singapore collected round him the following ships, which had been summoned rapidly and at the exact time to meet him in that anchorage.
The Iris, Captain Munday, 26 guns
Ringdove, Sir W. Hoste. 16 guns.
Royalist, Lieutenant Reid, temporary commander, 10 guns.
Spiteful, Commander Maitland, 4 guns
Phlegethon, H. E. C. St.. Ross, Esq., 4 guns.
From the order for provisions and warlike stores obtained from the company's arsenal, it was surmised that their destination was Borneo, and it appeared in orders a few hours before sailing. The squadron started at night, made all sail, carrying a heavy press of canvas night and day. was joined by the Hazard on the 23rd, and the 24th of June saw them off the Sarawak. The Admiral went in the steamer up the Sarawak, took Mr. Brooke on board, and instantly pushed on for the River Bruni. off which the squadron cast anchor on the 6th of July. The Sultan immediately forwarded a despatch to the Admiral by a war canoe, but it was evident that he was merely gaining time, and his proposals were not accepted. At daylight on the 7th the Admiral reconnoitered the entrance, and by the 8th at 3 .a.m. all the arrangements were entered into, and the campaign commenced.
The marines and S. A. men were ordered on board H. M. S. Spiteful, commander Maitland. The field, mortar, and rocket battery, on board the Phlegethon. The Royalist was taken in tow by the Spiteful, and the Phlegethon took the gun boats under her charge. The signal was given to weigh and sound ahead to Phlegethon, and the ships proceeded up the river, the small steamer sounding 200 yards ahead of the Spiteful
The force was commanded by the Commander-in-Chief in person.
Captain Johnston, of the Agincourt, commanded the whole of the landing forces, assisted by commander Egerton, of the Hazard.
The gun boats by Captain Mundy, of the Iris, assisted by Lieutenant Patey, of the Agincourt.
The field, rocket, and mortar battery, by Lieutenant Paynter, of the Agincourt, assisted by Lieutenant Heath, of the Iris.
The marines, by Captain Hawkins. R.N.
As the force came up in sight of the lower forts, mounting in all 21 guns, the enemy were observed to take down their matting, hoisted their flag, and coolly awaited the rapid approach of the steamers. and when within good range commenced firing. The Phlegethon's pivot gun and the field and rocket battery immediately returned it with a rapid and well . directed five, assisted by the gun boats as they shoved off and opened out in view of the forts The enemy's fire was badly directed, and the shot, grape, &c , went in every direction but the true one ; and the rapid closing of the Spiteful sent them flying from their guns in the utmost confusion. The gun boats were ordered to carry the forts, firing ceased on both sides, and so well and nimbly did the foe desert their standards, that when the first invader was on the parapet he could only manage to have a long shot with a pistol at the last of the conquered. The forts above the town behaved better; as the Phlegethon rounded the point and appeared in view, they commenced firing with great accuracy at 900 yards. The field battery and the guns of the Phlegethon returned it with success, and the rapid closing of the other vessels to take part in the action drove them from. their guns with a loss on the British side on board the Phlegethon of two killed .and eight wounded; several shot struck the steamer and' filled her fore compartment, the water on both sides of her was ploughed up in every direction, and the commander of the Phlegethon deserves great credit for the able manner he handled her under fire.
The British remained undisputed masters of the forts. batteries, and guns, forty-nine in all, twenty-eight large brass ones go to England, to be placed at the disposition of Her Majesty's Government. The enemy's dead were earned away before the seamen and marines took possession.
Humbled by defeat, powerless through desertion, a fugitive front his capital and people, Omar Ali Saffadeen, attended by a few of his nobles, took refuge from the British forces is the impenetrable jungle of the interior, nor did he stay his wretched flight till a hundred miles, and dense forests were placed between him and his persevering foe, who without correct intelligence, ignorant of the country,. and trusting to doubtful guides. fondly believed that a march and a day would surprise and capture the royal deserter. It was determined by the Admiral, without loss of time to follow up the tide of success, and the next day a marching column of 400 men, commanded by Captain Mundy, having under his orders Lieutenants Newland, Matthews, Paley, Heath, Norcock, Morgan, Captain Hawkins, R.M., Lieutenants Alexander and Mansell, R M., started with the intention of securing Tuan Pangeran Hassim (the adopted son of the sultan) first; and by a forced march afterwards suddenly appear before the sultan's house. ere he had timely notice of their intention; but the guides willing enough to surrender to the English the persons of their nobles, were not so sufficiently base to betray their sovereign - money nor threats, present advantages, nor future prospects. had not yet to the unlettered savage. taught him the terrible crime of foul treason to his country and treachery to a fallen king. The main object of the expedition therefore failed; but with energy and zeal the column, moved upon the points supposed to harbour the enemy, burnt the suppositious residences of royalty. captured six brass guns, and after four days' marching in heavy rain through plains covered as far as the eye could reach with water. and through jungle so thick as to afford an effectual screen from pursuit, returned to the steamers, having displayed throughout the march a steady discipline sufficient to merit the approbation in orders of Sir Thomas Cochrane. The Admiral having despatched this column of pursuit, received information upon good authority that another noble, Hadji Saman, was secreted up one of the creeks twelve miles distant. with his followers, and could easily be secured. He instantly despatched Lieutenant Paynter and Mr. Cresswell with 20 men, and 150 Malays in their, war canoes, to bring him in a prisoner: and so correct did he deem this information, that a seizure of the person, and not a death wound, was to have been the destiny of Hadji Samara. But intelligence was communicated to the refugee, and before the first boat had started upon the scent, he bad abandoned the river with his followers, and put miles and mountains between him and his pursuers. To burn his houses, &c., and destroy his plantations, was the, only resource left to gratify disappointment, and repay the annoyance of an unsuccessful chase; however, his hiding place was revealed by a peasant, under the threat of death, and the next morning Pemmormein (the principal chief in Borneo) had his canoes in chase - and it is to be hoped that driven from creek to creak, and deserted by his attendants, this bold and reckless warrior may meet the death he has so cruelly awarded to the English party in Borneo.
In the mean time, through the agency of Mr. Brooke, and the interested attachment of the native chiefs, the admiral published a pro-clamation calling the townspeople to resume their occupations and inhabit their houses, promising them protection and security from all injury - so ably did he conduct this policy, that cunning and suspicious as the Malay is in character, crowds came pouring into the town daily, and seven days had not elapsed, ere the English stranger saw. trusting to his faith and dependant upon his power, no less a multitude than 12,000 people, relying on the word of their conquerors more securely than on that of their native rulers. How forcibly ought this fact to strike a civilized people. We came as enemies to their sovereign, determined to revenge a cruel and unmanly massacre, we defeated them in fair and honourable fight; we humbled their proudest chieftains, and took military possession of their capital, but blood once arrested; and all honourable exertions for destruction ceasing to exist, we became the willing supporters of the people, neither ravaging their villages, burning their crops, nor maltreating one individual - we had ceased to be foes, and claimed them as allies, and the captives were dismissed, if not with presents, certainly without injury. What a lesson for all Europeans, and of what deep import upon all our transactions would a continuation of such humane conduct have upon mutual intercourse with untutored men. The proudest moments of the Commander-in-Chief must have been when he denounced the outrage, and prohibited a single act of injustice to be committed upon a fallen foe.
Unable as the Admiral was to communicate direct with the Sultan, yet the serious inconveniences attending a total absence of all Government, forced him to accelerate the great object of his policy by an appeal to the well disposed of the nobles, and aware that the ruler over the country united in his person the twofold character of Sovereign and Priest, and that the people had a routed conviction of the propriety of absolute submission to the will of the reigning despot, he wisely forbore to insist on Omar's abdication, but strenuously exerted himself to overshadow his temporal dominion by a complete and total change in the administration of his Government. Summoning to a conference the Pangerans of the British party on the deck of the Spiteful, he explained to them his wishes - placed their affairs before them in a clear and forcible light; urged them to rise and be the leaders of their countrymen in the paths of peace, and to resist as ruinous to their national prosperity the horrible trade of slavery and piracy. and called upon them boldly to denounce in their public conferences, and treat as rebels and traitors, the vicious ruffians who from henceforth upheld it. He promised them British protection and naval assistance in carrying out the object of his mission, but he told them also in language too clear to be misinterpreted by the designing, his determination to resist to the utter-most any infraction of the treaty, and threat-ened to carry fire and sword into the heart of the empire if their solemn declaration only shielded the infamy of a national falsehood. They answered him with feeling, and let us trust with good faith, promised that though they could not as good subjects dethrone " Omar Ali," yet they would sacrifice their lives ere they would allow the Sultan to dis-grace the nation by violating its honourable engagements, and called upon Pemmormein to assume with their full concurrence the reins of government, requesting him to call to his as-sistance any of the assembled leaders. Pemmormein accepted with modesty the honour-able burthen of command, named Pangeran Behar his second in rank, and promised to forward ere nightfall a full account of the debate to "Omar Ali," and in the confidence of pos-sessing power, assured the Admiral that the sultan would readily yield a willing tribute to the successful enterprise of the British, by bowing implicitly to their reasonable demands. The assembly shortly afterwards broke up, a proclamation was issued to the inhabitants, stating in general terms the policy to be pur-sued, and a letter was forwarded to the hiding place of the Sovereign at Sarakee, acquainting him with the course of events, and calling upon him to resume his sway; but, explaining to him in express terms that the measures of his reign must be guided by the clauses of the treaty.
The Sultan has since the squadron left agreed to the terms, and is in quiet possession of his throne, supported by the British party.
The first act of Pemmomein's ministry was to bring to trial and death, three of the captured leaders who commanded the forts that fired upon the English; they were cressed over the grave of the murdered Buddrudeen whose assassination they had been instrumental in accomplishing.
Interfering so seriously in the national councils as we have done, sound prudence demands that England should assist the efforts of the Bornean kingdom in her march of improvement, and as she has destroyed by force her powers of committing evil, heal by a generous interest in her welfare the divisions of her rulers, and if the minister only pursues with honesty and firmness the policy so clearly laid down for him, Europe may yet acknowledge the northern portion of Borneo entitled to an importance, and assuming a position, that half a century earlier would have been deemed impossible.
Every thing having been arranged between the Admiral and the Government, to the satisfaction of both parties. the Spiteful and Phlegethon steamed down the river and joined the squadron off Mooris Point on the 22nd, and the fleet stood to sea at daylight on the 23rd of July for Maluda Bay, leaving the Hazard off the Bruni river.
The New Colony of the Labuan.
(From the Straits Times, February 12.)
To the kindness of a friend we are indebted for a few items respecting the island. of Labuan ; although somewhat scanty, they are nevertheless acceptable, especially as peculiar care appears to be exercised in keeping us as much as possible in the dark respecting an island which it is thought will prove the el Dorado of the Malayan Archipelago.
H.M.S. Iris and Wolf reached Labuan December 18th, soon after arrival in Victoria Bay, tents were erected on shore and parties sent from H.M S. Iris and Wolf for the purpose of clearing away the jungle at Pasley Point, and erecting a temporary jetty, formed of trunks of trees, which was constructed to run out about 100 yards. The flagstaff was erected at Point Pasley, (named after Sir Thomas Pasley, Bart, R.N.), the top of which is about 100 feet above the sea level ; the base of the flagstaff being about ten feet above high water mark, and situated about 200 yards from the extremity of the point. On a plot of ground being cleared, cocoanuts, several varieties of fruit-trees, vegetable and flower seeds from Singapore, were planted ; they were thriving remarkably well, indeed before the Iris left, the ships were receiving a foretaste of crops of potatoes and other vegetables, which promise soon to be abundant. Some of the officers of both vessels made a tour to the opposite side of the island, penetrating through thick jungle and mangrove swamps, and were enabled to make a survey of the country passed over. The soil is described as luxuriant ; there was some food for the sportsman, comprising enormous wild pigs. snipe, sand-pipers. and others of the winged tribe. On one part of the island, a large extent of ground was found in a partially cleared state, and had evidently been at some distant period under cultivation. A report was current among the natives that the spot alluded to had been cleared by some English settlers who fled from Balambangan in 1775, on their being expelled the latter place by the Sooloos. The shores of Labuan abound with excellent fish, including mullet, pomfret, turtle, &c.
Sometime must elapse ere the jungle is removed ; when that is carried into effect it is impossible to conceive a more fruitful soil, or eligible spot for a tradal as well as naval depot. The officers above mentioned, who passed over the island, are unanimously favourable to the healthfulness of the climate ; the air is more temperate than Singapore, and the atmosphere is free from those violent disturbances experienced at the latter settlement ; while regular land and sea breezes offer amenities not to be lightly esteemed.
As is generally the case at the first establishment of a new settlement, a heavy amount of sickness manifested itself ; it attacked only those who were much exposed during the preliminary operations. Captain Gordon, of H.M.S. Wolf, was seized with fever of so violent a nature as not to yield to the usual remedies he expired on the morning of Wednesday, the 6th of January, and was buried on the evening of the same day. Captain Gordon was deeply respected ; his remains lie interred in the centre of a grove of trees (a short distance from the flagstaff) whose boughs hang over the grave of the first victim to Labuan fever.
The following items supplies us with particulars relative to the erection of the British flag at Labuan, on the afternoon of December 24.
Captain Mundy got upon a platform, previously erected near the flagstaff, and addressed the officers, native princes of Borneo, and others present at the ceremony, in the following terms
"Let it be known to all here assembled, that I take possession of this island. and the islets in its immediate neighbourhood, in the name of Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria. To all be it known, that the British Government will protect and encourage tradal intercourse, but will pursue with the utmost vengeance all those found in the capacity of a pirate."
Each sentence was interpreted in, Malayu by Lieutenant Heath, R.N., now commanding H. M S Wolf. Mr. Midshipman Morgan then, by desire of Captain Mundy, raised the British ensign to the flagstaff head, which was followed by three hearty cheers, under a salute from the temporary battery erected on shore, and responded to by the guns of H.M.S. Iris and Wolf, concluded by a feu de joie from marines on shore. Captain Mundy again addressed all assembled around the platform, and remarked:- "The Queen of England and the Sultan of Borneo are now friends : we are now standing on British territory."
The above was interpreted by Lieutenant Heath. Captains Mundy and Gordon then led the way, followed by the officers, chiefs, &c., to a tent near the flagstaff. where was prepared a dejeuner, of which the party partook, and at which the healths of Queen Victoria and the Sultan of Borneo were received with due honour.