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Type: 3rd rate ; Armament 74
Launched : 1794 ; Disposal date or year : 1823
BM: 1853 tons
Dimensions : length of gun-deck 176 ft. 0 in. ; extreme breadth 49 ft. 2in.
30 May 1795 a squadron under Vice-adm. Hon. Wm. Cornwallis sailed from Spithead on a cruise off Ushant. Brief meeting, on 8 Jun off Belle-Isle, of Vice-adm Cornwallis' squadron with French Squadron under Rear-admiral Vence, with a convoy, during which 8 merchant vessels were taken when the French squadron escaped into harbour.
16 Jun 1795 on returning off Belle-Isle Vice-adm. Cornwallis' squadron of 5 ships of the line, including the Mars, Captain Sir Charles Cotton, sighted a French Squadron of 12 ships of the line under the command of M. Villaret : on this occasion it was the turn of the British squadron to attempt to escape the advancing French fleet.
15 Apr - 15 May 1797 Mutiny at Spithead for improved pay and victuals etc. See p. 523-> www.naval-review.org/issues/1927-3.pdf.
21 Apr 1798 Mars, previously in company with the Ramillies and Jason, captured the French 74-gun ship Hercule, which was subsequently accepted into the Service following an expensive refit.
In Stoke Church Yard, near Plymouth, erected by the ship's company of the Mars, in memory of two of their comrades who died of their wounds in the glorious action betwixt the Mars and L'Hercule, 21 April 1798, in the Royal Naval Hospital, Plymouth.-
To the memory of James Hinde, aged 30, and John Fitter, aged 22, seamen, who died of the wounds they received in the glorious action between the Mars 74, and L'Hercule, 74, French man of war, 21st of April 1798, in defence of their King and Country, is erected at the sole expence of the ship's company, as a tribute of regard for their deceased companions in arms.
15 Jul 1798 Action with four Spanish frigates, and capture of one:- Santa Dorotea.
31 Jan 1799, Plymouth, orders came down from the Admiralty for the Canada, Mars, Russell, and Lancaster, 64, now in Cawsand Bay, to be in readiness to sail at a moment's warning.
1 Mar 1799, Plymouth, a seaman of the Mars, who was apparently recovered from his wounds in the head, in boarding L'Hercule, 74 guns, with the gallant Lieutenant Bowker of that ship, died in the Royal Hospital here almost suddenly. The surgeons opened his head, and found a small splinter of the scull had perforated the brain which occasioned his death.
7 Mar 1799, Plymouth, orders came down this day to the Port Admiral Sir R. King, Bart, for all frigates in future to harbour in the Sound instead of Cawsand Bay, which is to be appropriated for ships of the line. This order it is said is in consequence of the Naiad frigate in the late gales of wind driving and running foul of the Mars, 74 guns, in Cawsand Bay.
12 Mar 1799, remains in Cawsand Bay.
6 Apr 1799, sailed from Cawsand Bay to join the Channel fleet.
16 Apr 1799 cruising off Brest.
4 Jun 1799 arrived off Basque road.
1 Jul 1799 sailed from off Basque road.
6 Jul 1799, Plymouth, arrived the Fowey cutter, Lt. Derby, from carrying dispatches to Vice Admiral Sir A. Gardner, Bart. He spake the Mars, 74, all well, last Monday, off the Isle of Aix.
12 Jul 1799, Plymouth, arrived from off the Isle of Aix the Mars, Ramilies, Ajax ; also the Volcano, Explosion, and Sulphur, gun and bomb vessels, with the Speedwell and Bilboa tenders, from the Isle of Aix.
13 Jul 1799, Plymouth, Captain Monckton arrived to take the command of the Mars, 74, vice Captain Manley.
17 Jul 1799, Plymouth, passed up the harbour this morning, the Mars, with the Tonnant, Canopus, Spartiate, Aboukir, and Conquerant, French prizes, with bands playing and cheers from the spectators, and each ship returning the cheers as she passed.
9 Sep 1799, Plymouth, went down into the Sound.
13 Sep 1799, Plymouth, sailed to join Lord Bridport off Brest.
20 Sep 1799, arrived in Cawsand Bay from off Brest.
1 Oct 1799, sailed on a cruise.
2 Feb 1800 Portsmouth, arrived from Torbay.
24 Feb 1800, Portsmouth, Adm. Berkeley arrived from town, and hoisted his flag on board the Mars, 74.
3 Apr 1800, Portsmouth, went down to St. Helens, and will sail from thence when the wind permits.
8 Apr 1800, Portsmouth, the Namur, 98, Captain Luke, went down to St. Helens, where she now remains, with the Mars.
23 Apr 1800, Portsmouth, sailed to join the Channel fleet.
18 May 1800, Plymouth, arrived with the Atlas, from the Channel fleet, which passed up for Torbay this morning : they experienced the fury of the gale when laying to off Brest, on Friday last under storm stay-sails ; the sea ran mountains high, and the wind suddenly shifted from S. W. to N. W. lay several men of war on their beams ends, but soon righted, though they shipped several heavy seas.
30 May 1800, Plymouth, sailed to join the fleet.
26 Jun 1800, Plymouth, letters from the Mars, the advanced ship of the flying squadron, state that on the 23d inst., in sight of the Brest fleet, the crew ship painted her from stem to stern, and then gave three hearty cheers.
20 Jul 1800, Plymouth, letters from the Triton, 36, dated at anchor off Brest, the 16th inst., state, that the captain had recovered from a violent blow he received in his head some time since, by the fall of a block ; he retains the command of the in-shore, or flying squadron, which communicates by signal to Earl St. Vincent the movements of the combined fleets, as this squadron occasionally anchors R.-Adm. Berkeley, in the Mars, 74, commands a fiymg detachment offshore.
3 Aug 1800, Plymouth, arrived from the Channel fleet with the Cumberland.
12 Aug 1800, Plymouth, sailed for the fleet with the Pompee, London, and Ajax.
27 Sep 1800, Plymouth, arrived from off Brest, and anchored in Cawsand Bay, owing to very heavy S. W. gales, with other ships of the Channel Fleet.
8 Oct 1800, Plymouth, the Captain, 74, and Mars, 74, appeared off the Sound from the westward, laid to for orders, and then sailed for Torbay.
20 Nov 1800, Plymouth, Captain Luke, of the Namur, will succeed Captain Monckton in the Mars, 74.
2 Dec 1800, Portsmouth, arrived with the St George, Defence, Ramilies, Robust, and Saturn, from the Channel Fleet.
May 1805 Spithead, for foreign service.
20 Aug 1805 Dreadnought, Colossus and Achille, chased from off Cadiz by the Franco-Spanish fleet. 21st joined by the Mars, and was back on station once the joint fleet was in harbour.
10 Oct 1805 off Cadiz - the tactical preparations etc. for the forthcoming battle. 20 Oct combined fleet departed Cadiz, fleet manoeuvres.
21 Oct 1805 England expects….. &c. signalled, the first shots of the Battle of Trafalgar are fired. Nelson shot. Resumé of what had taken place. Individual ship actions and losses : Mars. The post-mortem commences ; Summary of British casualties ; Death of Nelson ;
22-30 Oct 1805 losses amongst the prizes due to bad weather etc: Redoutable, Rayo, Monarca (sank) ; Fougueux, Bucentaure, Indomptable, San-Francisco-de-Asis, Aigle, Berwick (wrecked) ; Algésiras (taken into Cadiz) ; Santa-Ana, Neptuno (recaptured) ; Santisima-Trinidad (scuttled) ; Achille, Intrépide, San-Augustin (burnt) ; the washup ; burial of Nelson ;
27-28 Jul 1806 Mars, Superb and Africa, a part of a squadron under Cdre R. G. Keats, in lat. 47° N., long. 7° west when the Mars sighted and went in chase of a French frigate squadron, but were unable to keep the Mars in sight ; after a long chase the Mars captured the French frigate Rhin, which was purchased into the service.
25 Sep 1806 with a squadron under Commod. Sir Samuel Hood, off Rochefort, when a squadron of French frigates, bound to the West Indies, escaped : the signal for a general chase was given, resulting in the Armide striking to the Centaur ; Minerve to the Monarch ; Infatigable to the Mars, who also chased the Gloire, and at 3 P.M. compelled her to surrender, all 4 frigates being added to the Royal Navy.
Torbay 29 Dec 1806 Remains.
8 Aug 1807 arrived Copenhagen with a large convoy of transports for the siege and bombardment of Copenhagen 15 Aug - 20 Oct 1807 and capture of Danish Fleet by Adm. Gambier.
May - Oct 1808 in the Baltic with a fleet under V.-adm Sir J Saumarez.
30 Aug 1808 joined the Centaur, Implacable and Swedish fleet blockading the Russians in the port of Rogerswick.
Hull, 2 Oct 1810 the Mars and Hero are reported to have passed Yarmouth for the Thames with a fleet of 600-700 ships from the Baltic, 40-50 of them being prizes.
Lisbon 9 Apr 1811 Sailed from the Tagus with convoy for England.
Portsmouth 21 Apr 1811 Arrived with a convoy from Lisbon.
Deal 24 May 1811 Arrived from Portsmouth bound to the Baltic.
Deal 26 May 1811 Sailed to join the Baltic fleet.
Harwich 12 Sep 1811 On passage from the Baltic.
Deal 12 Sep 1811 Arrived, from the Baltic.
Deal 23 Sep 1811 Sailed to join the fleet off Flushing.
Deal 12 Oct 1811 Arrived from off Flushing.
Deal 13 Oct 1811 Sailed to the westward.
Portsmouth 16 Oct 1811 Arrived from the Downs.
Portsmouth 30 Oct 1811 Arrived at Spithead from St. Helen's.
Portsmouth 17 Nov 1811 Sailed for the eastward.
Deal 18 Nov 1811 Arrived from Portsmouth.
Deal 15 Jan 1812 Sailed for Portsmouth.
Portsmouth 15 Jan 1812 Arrived.
Deal 10 Dec 1812 Arrived from the Baltic.