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Type: 3rd rate, 74 ;
Launched : 1765 ; Disposal date or year : 1813
14 Apr 1793, Queen 98, Rear-admiral Gardner, Captain John Hutt, Duke, 90, Captain the Honourable George Murray, Hector, 74, Captain George Montagu, Monarch 74, Captain Sir James Wallace, with one or two others, and a division of transports with British and French Royalist troops arrived at Martinique with a view to taking the island from the French, which ended in failure, and Rear-admiral Gardner's squadron returning to England.
Early Aug 1795 the leading ship of a squadron, the Monarch, Vice-admiral (b.) Sir George Keith Elphinstone, K.B., Captain John Elphinstone, arrived in Simon's bay, Cape of Good Hope, with troops, with a view to taking the province, which was subsequently achieved in the September, following the arrival of reinforcements. During this period the Dutch ship Willemstadt en Boetzlaar was taken, re-named Princess, and fitted out as a 20-gun ship, along with the armed brig Star, the latter being re-named the Hope.
17 Aug 1796 Simon's bay, Cape of Good Hope. Was present at the capitulation of the Dutch squadron, greatly out-gunned by a much larger British squadron.
3 Oct 1797 arrived Yarmouth from off the Texel to victual and store etc.
9 Oct 1797 sailed from Yarmouth for the Texel. 11 Oct 1797 engaged the Dutch fleet in what was to be known as the Battle of Camperdown (Admiral Duncan).
21 Feb 1798 prize money resulting from the sale of Dutch ships captured on the 11 Oct 1797 due for payment. www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/14089/pages/120
14 May 1799, off the Texel.
Circa 24 Mar to 26 Apr 1800 Admiral Dickson has hoisted his flag on board the Monarch, and is appointed to the command of the North Sea fleet, in the room of Admiral Lord Duncan, who resigns through ill health.
9 Aug 1800 a squadron under Vice-Admiral Dickson consisting of the Monarch, Glatton, Polyphemus, Ardent, Veteran, Romney, Isis, Waakzamheid, and Martin ; Volcano, Hecla, Sulphur, and Zebra bombs ; Boxer, Furious, Griper, Swinger, and Haughty gun-vessels, departed North Yarmouth Roads for Copenhagen to be present during Lord Whitworth's negotiations with the Danish authorities! 15 Aug arrived in the Skaw and then went through a number of manoeuvres etc. ; and then sailed for England. For more details see p. 240 of vol 4 of the Naval Chronicles.
14 Sep 1800 the squadron arrived back at Yarmouth.
15 Dec 1800, Flag Ship at Yarmouth Roads.
Circa 12 Mar 1801 fleet under Admiral Sir Hyde Parker sailed from Yarmouth roads for Copenhagen. 30 Mar the vessels initially detailed to take part in the forthcoming Battle of Copenhagen. 1 Apr the vessels detailed sail for Copenhagen ; the British ships held in reserve ; the Danish positions : 2 Apr the battle commences : the truce : the casualties : the wash-up :
By the 12 Apr 1801 the Holstein, Monarch, and Isis, had sailed for England with the wounded.
22 Jul 1802 head money for those present at the Engagement at Copenhagen, on the 2d April 1801, due for payment.
25 Sep 1803 off Broadstairs.
1-3 Oct 1804 fire ships expended and the trial of a new form of fire boat known as a "catamaran," on the French flotillas anchored off Boulogne.
14-16 Jul 1806 the ships' boats from the Prince-of-Wales, Centaur, Conqueror, Monarch, Revenge, and Polyphemus, along with 3 boats each from the Indefatigable and Iris, capture the French 16-gun brig-corvette CÚsar from the R. Gironde.
25 Sep 1806 with a squadron under Commod. Sir Samuel Hood, off Rochefort, when a squadron of French frigates, bound to the West Indies, escaped : the signal for a general chase was given, resulting in the Armide striking to the Centaur ; Minerve to the Monarch ; Infatigable to the Mars, who also chased the Gloire, and at 3 P.M. compelled her to surrender, all 4 frigates being added to the Royal Navy.
Torbay 29 Dec 1806 Remains.
Early Nov 1807 sailed as a part of a squadron under R.-Adm. Sir W. S. Smith, for the Tagus, where they commenced a blockade on the 17th.
29 Nov 1807 escorted the Portuguese Royal Family to lat. 37░ 47' N., long. 14░ 17' W., where, having detached 3 ships, R.-Adm. Smith returned to blockade the Tagus, now occupied by a Russian squadron, where he was joined by a squadron under Commod. P Halkett.
28 Jul 1809 a part of a large fleet which sailed from the Downs, with troops, with the aim of demolishing the dock-yards, and arsenals at Antwerp, Terneuse, and Flushing, often known as the ill-fated Walcheren Expedition.
Deal 15 Feb 1811 Sailed from the Downs for Portsmouth.
Deal 5 Nov 1811 Remains in the Downs, due to adverse winds.
Deal 15 Nov 1811 Sailed for Chatham.