Index
 
The Boxer Rebellion as reported in the UK papers - extracts - in the main with an attempt to give a naval flavour

DNS 31 May 1900.

Headlines. The Rising in China. Rescue of Europeans. Men of War at Taku. Landing of European Troops. A Ride to Fengtai. Correspondents Stoned by Troops in Peking. Extensive Damage to Railways

Through Reuter's Agency. Peking, May 20. A relief party has just returned from Chang-Hsin-Tien bringing some 25 persons, including several women and children who were in danger of being captured by the Boxers.

Peking, May 20. From all parts of the surrounding country news is constantly arriving of fresh atrocities committed by the "Boxers." On the 20th inst., at Shan-lai-ying, sixty miles from Peking three Christian families were murdered, only two persons escaping.

This morning, accompanied by Mr. Morrison and Mr. Subbione, Agent of the Peking Syndicate, I rose to Fengtai, which we found in the occupation of a battalion of Tung-fu-hsiang and Kansuh? troops. The whole of the station building and workshops are completely gutted, and the locomotive and other sheds are also entirely destroyed.

Besides this, much of the rolling stock was burned or otherwise damaged by the rioters, and some large godowns [warehouses] full of valuable merchandise were burned after their contents had been looted. The total amount of the damage is roughly estimated a half a million taels. Among the rolling stock destroyed was the Imperial Palace car, which alone cost 1,700 taels.

In the course of the riot a Frenchman connected with the Lu-han Railway was rather badly hurt, receiving a severe blow on the head from a stone. Several of the Chinese employees were also more or less seriously injured ; but so far as it has been possible to ascertain, none of them were killed.

I am informed that the attack on the place was made by villagers living in the neighbourhood, led by some of the "Boxers." This gives the affair an even more serious complexion, as it shows that the movement is more widespread than had been imagined. Eight of the rioters were captured and will probably be decapitated.

According to reports from the Lu-han Line, even more damage has been done on that section. The station and works at Lu-kau-chio have been completely destroyed.

On riding back through the south gate of Peking we found the road inside the city lined with troops, who greeted us with volleys of stones. Fortunately, we managed to gallop through unhurt with the exception of some slight bruises.

The whole country seems to be seething with excitement, and it is hard to foretell what course events will take.

The Legations have telegraphed for foreign guards, who are expected to arrive on Thursday. The Ministers have notified the Tsung-li-Yamen of their action. The latter has not yet replied. Reuter.

Tientsin, May 30. Detachments of British, Unitied States, Japanese, German, Italian, French and Russian troops, numbering about 100 each, have been ordered to Peking to guard their respective Legations ; but the Viceroy declines to allow them to proceed from here to Kpeking by railway without the authority from the Tsung-li-Yamen. Reuter.

Tientsin, May 30. A force of 108 Americans with a machine field gun was landed here last night and great enthusiasm on the part of the foreign residents.

One British and five Russian men-of-war have arrived at Taku, and a British contingent is now being landed. Other men-of-war are hourly expected.

The damage done to the railway, rolling stock, and buildings at Fengtai is estimated at 150,000 taels. Three thousand Chinese troops from Lu-tai are expected here today en route for Fentai.

It is rumoured that one or two Belgian engineers have been killed on the Lu-han line, but communication with that section is badly interrupted. I am endeavouring to obtain authentic information.

It is thought here that the "Boxers" will have dispersed before all the foreign troops are landed. Tientsin itself is in no danger. Reuter.

Tientsin, May 30. Later. The rescue party of French and Germans who went to the assistance of the foreign railway employees at Chang-his-tien returned this afternoon. They report that the besieged Belgian engineers and their families arrived safely at Peking yesterday evening.

The rescue party reached Chang-his-tien early this morning. The found several thousand Boxers about the ruins at Lu-kou-chiao and Chang-his-tien.

In addition to the stations, they report bridges have been damaged and rolling stock destroyed in both places. They cannot estimate the damage done to propery on the Lu-han line, but it is said to be considerably more than at Fengtai. They saw several parties of Chinese tearing up sleepers and in one case a military mandarin looking on. They further report that missionaries and others have escaped from Pao-ting-fu in boats.

The Imperial Railway Directorate is endeavouring to fasten the blame for the damage done at Fengtai on the foreign employees, who are principally British. These men, they say, should not have left their posts.

As a matter of fact, the foreigners did not leave until the saw Lu-kou-chiao Station, five miles away, in flames, and an attack was actually made on an engine from Fengtui, which was running on the lu-han line, in an attempt to rescue the Belgians. Teuter.

Tientsin, May 30. The following men-of-war arrived here today: Russian - Gremiastchy, Dmitri Donskoi, Sissos Veliky, Gaidamsk, Vsadnjk, and two torpedo boats. French - The cruiser Descartes. British - 1st class cruiser Orlando and the sloop Algerine. Italian - The cruiser Elba. All are landing marines or bluejackets. Reuter.

Shanghai, May 30. The railway from Peking to Tientsin is now restored, and the French engineer who was wounded during the recent Boxer onslaught has arrived at Peking. Other European members of the railway staff are reported to be safe.

The Boxers apparently have no arms except what are obtained from the soldiery, many of whom openly go over to the rebels. Dalziel.


DNS 1 June 1900

The Troubles in China - Foreign Guards for Peking - Five Guns with Them - Expected Opposition - The Tsung Li Yamen's Diplomacy - Stern Attitude of the Powers

Peking, May 30. The situation is now somewhat better, the Chinese troops having occupied all the points where disturbances have occurred.

Peking, May 31. The party of foreigners at Chang-Hsin-Tien to whom I referred in yesterday's telegram defended themselves from a house and fired on the Boxers, killing several. Some troops came to their assistance, and under the direction of the relief party from the capital behaved well. Immediately after it had been evacuated by the soldiers the building was looted and burned. Two men and a woman are still unaccounted for, and it is feared that they have fallen into the hands of the Boxers.

The most serious source of anxiety now is the probable behaviour of the Chinese troops, a large percentage of whom are connected with the insurrctionary movement. The foreign guards will arrive here to to-morrow.

It is rumoured that the Chinese troops intend to oppose their entry into Peking, but this is highly improbable.

The Chinese authorities attempted to throw obstacles in the way of bringing the foreign guards here, but the foreign Ministers maintained a very firm attitude, which has produced an extremely good effect.

The Tsung li Yamen today informed the Ministers that it was impossible to bring the guards here until they had communicated with the Viceroy of Chi-li.

This being an obvious subterfuge designed to cause delay, the Ministers replied that there were now fifteen foreign warships at Taku, and if proper facilities were not granted they would land in force sufficient to come to Peking without the consent of the Chinese Government, and they requested the Tsung li Yamen to give a definite reply by six o'clock tomorrow morning.

This will undoubtedly produce the desired effect, and no trouble is anticipated unless the Chinese troops without orders make an ill-advised attempt to oppose the entry of the foreign guards, which is extremely improbable. Reuter.

Tientsin, May 31. The Chinese authorities have refused to allow the Russian troops to pass the Taku forts.

Tientsin, May 31. A detachment of Russian troops has passed the Taku forts, and is expected at Tientsin this afternoon.

Yesterday as the Russians were nearing the forts in boats some Chinese opened fire, and the Russians retreated.

It now appears that the Chinese were only firing a fun salute to a mandarin on board a Chinese war vessel outside the bar, and the Russians thought the fire was directed at them.

French and Italian troops were also proceeding up the river on their way here yesterday. Today over 150 British arrived. No troops have left for the capital, and it is not known when or how they will go, as the Viceroy has forbidden them to use the railway, although it is said that should the forerunners (sic)[foreigners?] take charge of the train this protect would vanish.

Three hundred Chinese troops arrived at Ton-shan from Shan-hai-kwan yesterday to protect the valuable railway plant there. At the time of the evacuation of Fengtai there were only five foreigners there. Reuter.

Tientsin, May 31. Evening. At 4.14 this afternoon a special train started for Peking with the following foreign troops: Three British officers and 72 men ; seven American officers and 66 men, three Italian officers and 30 men ; two Japanese officers and 24 men ; three French officers and 72 men ; and four Russian officers and 71 men. The troops took with them five quick firing guns.

It is rumoured here that they will be opposed at the first gate of the capital outside the wall.

From Our Correspondent. Washington, Thursday. The Government has no news from China save Admiral Kempf's message announcing the landing of marines. It is hoped in official circles that a determined stand by the American and other foreign Governments will cause the Boxers to flee to the interior. Nobody is able to say whether the Empress Dowager really desires to bring about a settlement or is secretly aiding the Boxers.

Berlin, Thursday. The German Government is determines to join any steps by the other Powers for the safety of the Europeans in China, although it will leave the initiative to them. The gunboat Iltis has been dispatched from Kiao-Chow to Taku and Tientsin. The German Squadron in the Chinese waters is not large, but consists of nothing but modern vessels with a very effective armament. It consists of the cruisers Hansa, Hertha, Kaiserin Augusta, the two small cruisers Irene and Gefion, and the gunboats Iltis and Jaguar. One of the strongest of German Ironclads, the Prince Bismarck, is also on her way to reinforce the German Squadron,


DNS 20 Jun 1900

18 Jun 1900 Operations against the Taku forts - see Endymion for more detail.

The following telegram has been received at the Admiralty from the commanding officer of HMS Endymion at Linkuntan, Wei-hai-Wei:

Linkuntan, Jun 18, 6.30 pm: Taku forts opened fire at one o'clock in the morning, 17th June, on the ships of the squadron. After 6 hours engagement forts were silenced and occupied by the allied forces.

Additional men for storming forts were sent inshore from the ships previous afternoon.

British ships up the river engaged were Algerine (sloop), Fame and Whiting (torpedo boat destroyers). The two latter captured four Chinese torpedo-boat destroyers.

Casualties Algerine slight: storming party and others unknown.

Chinese second class cruiser flying Admiral's flag detained outside Taku by the allied Admirals.

No information of Commander-in-Chief's return to Tientsin had been received by the Rear Admiral by 2 pm 17 June.

Am leaving at once for Taku. Endymion.

The Secretary of the Admiralty adds: It is observed that as the Japanese ship Toyohashi, which, as telegraphed by the Captain of HMS Phoenix, reported at Chefoo that Admiral Seymour had returned to Tientsin, left Taku at 5.30 am on the 17th, its information is not confirmed by the report from the Endymion that no news has been received by the British Read Admiral of the return of Admiral Seymour up to 1 pm on 17th.


DNS 19 Jun 1900

Taku Forts

A fleet of over thirty men-of -war belonging to the various nations is gathered together at Taku. If all these vessels joined in the bombardment of the Chinese forts the sight must have been a striking one. With such a gathering of the European forces in front of them, the audacity of the Chinese in opening fire can be fitly described by the German expression, "Kolossal."

The vessels now on the China Station, according to the latest reports by mail and telegraph, are given below. Those reported to have arrived at Taku are marked by an asterisk, but there must be many there that have not been mentioned in the telegrams.

Admiral Sir Edward Seymour's fleet is composed of the following

19 Jun 1900 Serving in Chinese waters during the Boxer Rebellion.

    Tons Guns
Terrible   14,000 32
Centurion * Flagship 10,500 14
Barfleur *   10,500 14
Endymion   7,350 12
Aurora *   5,600 12
Orlando   5,600 12
Undaunted   5,600 12
Hermione   4,360 10
Bonaventure   4,360 10
Alacrity *   1,700 10
Daphne   1,140 8
Algerine   1,050 6
Phoenix *   1,015 6
Redpole   805 6
Peacock   755 6
Pigmy   755 6
Plover   755 6
Linnet   756 2
Swift   756 2

Besides these there are 6 gunboats and torpedo-boat destroyers of smaller tonnage, four river gunboats, the Tamar receiving ship, Wivern coast-defence ship, and a surveying ship. Two of the destroyers, the Whiting and Fame, are at Taku. The Terrible is expected at Taku on Thursday. The Hermione has gone to Hankow, and the Linnet and Esk are on the Yang-tsze.

The Russian fleet, the next in importance, is as follows:

Rurik Flagship 10,923 26
Rossia *   12,200 28
Petropavlovsk   11,000 16
Navarin   10,000 14
Sissoi Veliky   10,000 14
Dimitri Donskoi   6,000 16
Vladimire Monomach   6,000 16
Admiral Kornicloff   5,500 16
Gremiastchy   1,490 2
Otbajny   1,490 2
Roxboynik   1,330 3
Zabijaka   1,230 6
Koreety   1,200 9
Mandshur *   1,200 3
Bobro *   950 2
Silatch   950 2
Sivootch *   950 2
Aleout   810 2
Gaidamak   500 9
Vaadnik   500 11

The Germans have seven vessel, the Kaiserin Augusta *, Gefion *, Herth *, Iltis *, Irena Seeadler, and Jaguar, the latter of which has just arrived out. Austria and Italy have each one cruiser.

Nearly all of the American men-of-war, nineteen in number, are stationed in the Philippines. The Yorktown, which has been sent to Taku, is a gunboat of 1,000 tons and six guns.

France is represented at Taku by the D'Entrecasteaux, flagship, the cruiser Jean Bar, and the gunboats Léon and Surprise.

Chefoo, June 28: Admiral Seymour has been relieved. He failed to establish communication with Peking.

His force suffered greatly. It is now returning to Tientsin.

The Russian Colonel Stoessel, commanding the combined international forces, 10,000 strong, is supposed to be proceeding to Peking.

There is no news from the capital. The Chinese troops before Peking are estimated to number between 40,000 and 60,000 men. Boxers are swarming from all directions. Reuter.

Shanghai, June 28: Admiral Seymour has reach Tientsin, where all is well. The casualties among the foreign residents there are few in number.

Intelligence from an official source states that the Legationss at Peking were safe on June 25.

According to information from a good source Liu, the Nanking Viceroy, has received instructions from Peking to inform the foreign Consuls here immediately that the Legations at Peking are safe, and are arranging peace terms.

Mr. Kinder, the railway superintendent, leaves Chefoo today, with fifteen foreign engineers, for Tientsin. The total number of troops now landed is 10,000.

A telegram to the North China "Daily News," dated from Wei-hai-Wei, yesterday, states that the railway terminus is now eight miles north of Tientsin, the line beyond that point having been destroyed.

Captain Bayley (P Captain Bayly, HMS Aurora) wishes it to be made known through the Press that it is due to the Russians that anyone is alive in Tientsin.

The Russo-Chinese Bank promises at Tientsin, as well as the staff, are safe. Reuter.

Taku, Monday Evening. Via Chefoo, Wednesday: A train containing nine hundred Russian rtoops, with a number of horses and wagons, left Taku for Tientsin on Monday. The force was under the command of Lieut. Oneraun (?). Mr. Fenton, a newspaper correspondent, and an American sailor named Ringrove returned to Tientsin by the train. According to their account, the relief force arrived outside Tientsin on Saturday morning, and entered the European concession at one in the afternoon.

The combined British-American brigade led the force into the city.

The Chinese brought heavy musketry fire to bear on the relieving force, but they were driven back by the guns of the allies.

The Russian troops attacked the Chinese arsenal and occupied it.

The casualties among the attacking force are given as follows: British, killed, 2, wounded 1 ; Americans, killed 4, wounded 2 ; Germans, killed 15, including one officer and 27 wounded ; Russians, killed 10, wounded 37.

Mr Fenton says that the gun fire of the British and Americans was beautifully accurate. Central News.

Yokohama, June 28: The Japanese government has decided to send a force of 20,000 men to China. Reuter.

From our Correspondent. Lourenco Marques, Thursday. The German cruiser Schwalbo leaves here today for China.


DNS 23 Jun 1900

Shanghai, Thursday night.

A letter from a prominent resident of Peking, received at Tientsin on the 15th, reports that the soldiers were very troublesome, and might attack at any moment. Nothing was known as to the whereabouts of the relief force. It was feared that its advent would be the signal for a general riot.

A Tientsin resident, writing on the 15th says:

"The native city is in the hands of the Boxers, who burned all the missions' chapels and schools last night. The Boxers have promised to pay us a visit tonight, and are patrolling the city in bands. On meeting a mandarin, they pull him out his chair and make him kowtow. Even General Nieh was forced to kneel.

"No communication has been received from the relief force.

"Yangtsun has been burned, and the railway line and bridges destroyed.

"The Powers cannot do much unless they send more troops.

"It is reported on excellent authority that General Yung has had an audience with the Empresa,, and introduced the chief of the Boxers.

"Business is at a standstill, and none of our Chinese dare set foot in the city. It is absolutely impossible to send to Peking, as no Chinaman will go, for love or money. We are nearly all without servants, and probably will soon be without food."

A Chinese official reported that the Chinese telegraph station at the Tientsin settlement had been burned.

Chiefu. June 22. It is officially reported that Tientsin is being continually bombarded by large guns, and that foreign Concessions have nearly all been burnt.

The American Consulate is destroyed.

The Russians at the station are hard pressed and reinforcements are urgently needed. The casualties are heavy.

The railway is open from Tong-tau to Ching-liang-Chung. Reuter.

Shanghai, June 22.

The American Consul at Chifu telegraphs:

"The US warship Nashville from Taku brings 33 Americans from Pei-ta-ho."

HMS Daphne has arrived here, bringing ammunition for the volunteers.

Order is well maintained here, but the foreign residents are taking every precaution and are prepared for emergencies.

Five Chinese warships pass Wu-Sung to day. The officers of HMS Undaunted visited the commanders, who assured them that the vessels were being sent to act against any possible Boxer rising. Reuter.

Shanghai, June 21. The Consular Body here met today to consider the situation. The absence of news from Peking was looked upon as ominous, and grave fears still exist for the safety of the capital. The stoppage of trade has thrown 20,000 workmen of the coolie class out of employment. The Consuls agreed to wire to the senior Consul at Chifu to communicate with the senior officers at Taku asking for immediate assistance. They believe that communication with Peking direct can be obtained, and are addressing a request for an explanation to Sheng, Director of the Telegraph Administration. Reuter.

Yokohama, June 22. The Russian cruiser Rurik left yesterday for Taku.

The Japanese Government is making arrangements to receive and treat the wounded men of other Powers. The Russian wounded have already arrived.

The ships of the standing squadron are assembling at Sasebo. More vessels will probably be dispatched to China. Reuter.

Berlin, June 22. The Commander of the German cruiser squadron at Taku telegraphs under date of June, 20, Evening, that a French officer who had arrived from Tientsin reported that the city had for three days been bombarded by Chinese troops, and that the foreign detachment was short of ammunition.

The German Naval Commander further announces, under date of the 21st, that the German cruiser Irene had arrived with 240 marines, who at once started off with 380 Englishmen and 1,500 Russians for the relief of Tientsin.

The railway from Taku to within 15 kilometres of Tientsin is working. There is no news from Peking, or the troops sent thither. The condition of the wounded is satisfactory. Reuter

Vienna, Friday Evening. Li Hung Chang has telegraphed to all the Chinese Legations in Europe instructing them to inform the Governments to which they are accredited that he has been called to Peking by the Empress to act as intermediary between the Chinese Government and the Powers, and to enter into negotiations directed to bring about a settlement of the points at issue. He begs that the Powers will facilitate his pacific mission by ceasing to send troops to China. Central News.

From Our Correspondent. Washington, Friday. The Cabinet considered the China situation at great length today, but had little more information than it had ten days ago. A message was received from Admiral Kempff, but was indefinite, and not reassuring, being regarded as in indication that the Chinese troops had turned their guns on the foreign sections at Tientsin. As the Boxers are supposed to have no artillery, such as proceeding as equivalent to a declaration of war by China. The Cabinet regard the situation as extremely critical, and took steps to forward more troops in case of need. A telegram was sent to General Macarthur at Manila, asking him how large a force he could spare if necessary.

New York, June 22. The Secretary of the Methodist Foreign Missionary Society has received the following dispatch from Chifu, dated the 15th inst.: "Tientsin bombarded. Peking very serious. Hopkins, Brown, King saved by gunboat. Signed Brown"

The three gentlemen named are missionaries and since it is mentioned specifically that they have been saved the Secretary of the Society infers that the remaining 24 missionaries at Tientsin have been murdered. Among them are a number of women, including five members of the Women's Foreign Missionary Society. The members of the families of four missionaries are also unaccounted for.

A representative of the American Trading Company cables from Tientsin under date 16th inst: "Situation worsening. Peking besieged. Danger massacre." Reuter.

From our Correspondent. Berlin Friday Night. Relatives at Wesel of Captain Lans, Commander of the Iltis, have received the following telegram, dated Chefoo, June, 21, 7.10 pm, "Condition good. William." The news of this officer's death was therefore unfounded.

The two naval battalions will embark for China on 3rd July. The Emperor, who on the same day sets out for his usual Norwegian trip, will be present.

Rome, Friday night. The Pope is credited with being busy upon an important document relative to the present events in China. He is expected to express the hope that concord between the Powers will be maintained so that the difficulties there will be solved with the least possible bloodshed, and to the advantage of civilization and the faith.

Orders were sent tonight to Spezia to keep in readiness to leave for China the cruisers Vesuvio, Stromboli, and Vettor Pisani, having altogether crews numbering 1,151 men.

Simla, June 22. Brigadier General Sir A. Gadaloe?, Commander-in-Chief of the force going to China, will start with his Staff by mail steamer on the 30th inst. The 7th Bengal Infantry will sail on the Nerbudda and the Palamcotta on the 24th and 25th instant. The 1st Sikhs will follow on the 28th in the Nairung, and the 12th Battery RFA in the Itinda on the 1st prox. The 1st Bengal Lancers will sail in three detachments, on the Uganda,, the Unita, and the Itama, from the 1st to the 5th of July. The whole force will thus leave within a month. Reuter.

Castellammare, June 21. Upon receipt of telegraphic orders, the British cruiser Dido left here last night for Chinese waters. Another cruiser will follow her. Reuter.


NTW 24 Jun 1900

Taku Forts Seized. British Vessels Capture Chinese Torpedo Boats

The official report of the capture of the Taku forts has been received from the commanding officer of HMS Endymion, at Linkuntau (Wei-Hei-Wei), dated Linkuntau, June 18th (8.30 pm). It is as follows:-

"Taku forts opened fire at one o'clock in the morning, June 17, on the ships of the allied squadron. After six hours' engagement forts were silenced and occupied by the allied forces.

"Additional men for storming forts were sent inshore from the ships previous afternoon.

"British ships up the river engaged were Algerine (sloop), Fame and Whiting (torpedo boat destroyers).

"The two latter captured four Chinese torpedo boat destroyers.

"Casualties: Algerine slight, storming part and others unknown.

"Chinese second class cruiser flying Admiral's flag detained outside Taku by the allied Admirals.

"No information of Commander-in-Chief's return Tientsin had been received by the Rear-Admiral by two pm, June 17. Am leaving at once for Taku. Endymion.

Six Hours' Bombardment

From Rear Admiral Bruce, Taku, via Chifu, June 20:

"June 17. Taku forts captured by allied forces this morning.

"Bombardment commenced 12.50 am, ended about 6.30 am ; details later on.

"Chinese admiral present with allied fleet ; flag flying in cruiser.

"At council meeting this morning he agreed to anchor with fleet, putting out fires."

Tientsin Cut Off

"June 18. No news from Commander-in-Chief and advanced guard.

"Tientsin now cut off. Heavy fire heard there last night.

"Three thousand Russian troops under major general here.

"My communications with allied authorities most harmonious. Rear Admiral, Second in Command."

The Secretary of the Admiralty also states that the following casualties have been reported as having taken place at Taku on June 17:

Our Casualties

Killed.

William Theodore Bing, ordinary seaman of HMS Barfleur, O.N. 188,203

Wounded (British).

Assistant Paymaster H. J. Hargraves of HMS Algerine, and 12 men.

Constant Fighting

From Rear Admiral Bruce, Taku, via Chefu, June 21:

"There has been no communication from the Commander-in-Chief for seven days nor with Tientsin for five days.

"Allies hold Taku forts and Tongkin securely, and they will advance for the relief of Tientsin when in sufficient strength.

"Troops are expected from Hong Kong tomorrow and 300 from Wei-Hai-Wei the day after tomorrow.

"It is believed that fighting is constantly going on round Tientsin. Our garrison there should be about 3,000 men.

Proclamation by the Admirals

"Following Proclamation was agreed to this morning to be at once issued:

"The Admirals and Senior Naval Officers of the Allied Powers in China desire to make know to all Viceroys and authorities of the coasts and rivers, cities and provinces of China, that they intend to use armed force only against Boxers and peoples who oppose them on their march to Pekin for the rescue of their fellow countrymen."

Great Destruction of Property

The following has reached the Foreign Office:

"Chefu, June 20: "Boxers last night did much damage to line north of Tientsin, and burned Roman Catholic Cathedral, a mission chapel, and a great number of Chinese houses. The Chinese troops made no visible effort to restrain them.

"On their attacking the Settlement the foreign guard killed about one hundred."

Casualties at Tientsin

The Admiralty notify that the following telegram has been received from Rear Admiral Bruce at Taku, despatched from Chefu:

"At Tientsin.

Killed.

Private H. Robinson, Royal Marines, HMS Orlando.

Seriously wounded:

Private J. J. Bowden, Royal Marines, HMS Barfleur.

Wounded:

Private Goring (?), Royal Marines, HMS Orlando ;

Private Buchanan (?),Royal Marines, HMS Orlando ;

Private J. Wakefield, Royal Marines, HMS Barfleur.

"At Taku Forts, June 17th:

Dangerously wounded:

Able Seaman W. Meerin, HMS Endymion.

Seriously wounded:

Able Seaman E. Jordan, HMS Alacrity.

Slightly wounded:

Chief Petty officer A. E. Parks, HMS Barfleur

Leading Seaman C. Rose, HMS Endymion

Wounded.

Able Seaman Moyatt (? E. O. Wyatt), HMS Endymion

Able Seaman H. Merchant, HMS Barfleur

Dangerously wounded:

Ordinary Seaman H. W. Wiltshire on board HMS Algerine

Seriously wounded:

Able Seaman J. Oliver, HMS Algerine.

Slightly wounded:

Second class Petty Officer F. L. Hales, on board HMS Algerine.

"Admiral Bruce hoped that Tientsin may be relieved tonight, 21 June.

"No news from Commander-in-Chief

"HMS Terrible landed this morning 382 officers and men of the 2nd Battalion Royal Welsh Fusiliers and Royal Engineers."


NTW 24 Jun 1900

Fighting at Taku - Horrible Scenes after the Bombardment.

The telegrams at present to hand describing the bombardment and capture of Taku forts supply very meagre details of the fighting. The Shanghai correspondent of the "Daily Express" says that at one o'clock on Sunday morning, while the allied fleets were riding quietly at anchor in the harbour at Taku, the forts suddenly opened fire upon the gunboats lying in shore. These comprised the Algerine (British), the Iltis (German), the Atago (Japanese), the Yorktown (American), and the Mandshur (Russian).

The first shells from the forts fell harmless, but the Chinese were no long in getting the range, and the Algerine and the Iltis were badly damaged, being struck 13 or 14 times. The combined fleet then opened a terrible fire. Their range was accurate from the first shell, and the forts were literally blown to pieces. The Russian troops on the landward side of the forts are reported to have co-operated in the attack, which was maintained until daybreak. The forts were then occupied by strong landing parties, who drove out the Chinese at the point of the bayonet. Many hundreds of the defenders were killed as they fled northwards. The main body of the attacking force consisted of Russians, of whom some 10,000 have been landed at Taku up to the present time. The same correspondent supplements the above message with the following account:

"Official news states that at noon on Saturday the admiral of the combined fleets sent a note to the military Taotai commanding the forts, ordering him to stop the arrival of large masses of troops arriving by road from Shan-Hai-Kwan, and demanding immediate assurances under penalty of bombardment. The answer was of a more procrastinating character than appeared from the first reports, and when the forts opened fire at one o'clock on Sunday morning the attack was entirely unexpected. The Russian cruiser Koreita suffered most from this.

Treacherous Attack

The Chinese shells striking her point-blank and causing a violent explosion, which kill four officers and thirteen men, and wounded 50 more, most of whom were asleep at the time. The Koreitz nevertheless came instantly into action and most pluckily returned the Chinese fire with her guns and small arms, raking the forts and killing the gunners. The French gunboat Lion lost one killed and one wounded ; the Iltis (German) three killed and seven wounded ; and one bluejacket of the Algerine (British) has since died.

The big ships of the fleet were unfortunately compelled to put themselves out of action by reason of the fact that so many small gunboats were lying close inshore, and had the battleships taken part in the bombardment they would have stood in some danger of killing their allies. The Chinese torpedo squadron made a determined attempt to run out, but was promptly captured by the boats of the combined fleets. The latest news states that hardly a man among the Chinese forces escaped.

Rivers of Blood

The first fort, says the "Telegraph" correspondent, was taken by the Japanese, and the second by the British, and then the Germans and Russians secured the south fort. Shortly after daylight four Chinese torpedo-boat destroyers were towed out stern first by HM Torpedo-boat destroyers Whiting and Fame. After the forts were captured they were visited by the foreign officers. They presented a ghastly sight. The forts were one mass of ruins, and rivers of blood, mutilated bodies lying everywhere. The Chinese troops fled to Tientsin. The Russian flag is flying on Taku dock and one destroyer.

Suspicion of Foreign Aid

Details received from Chi-fu, says the "Express", tend strongly to confirm the suspicion which has been entertained all along that the Chinese have had foreign assistance in organising the defences of Taku. Not only was the attack from the forts delivered with a precision and accuracy which have hitherto had no parallel in the records of Chinese strategy, but the harbour at Taku was elaborately mined, on a thoroughly scientific plan, for a distance of two miles from the shore. The comparative insignificance of the damage done to the combined fleets is due to the fact that during the night preceding the bombardment the wires connecting the mines with the forts were cut by the boats of the British battleship Centurion, the Russian battleship Sissoi Veliky, and the Japanese protected cruiser Yoshino.

Attack Ordered from Pekin

It is learned that though the sudden attack by the Taku forts was made in obedience to orders from Pekin, the foreign fleet was not long in getting to work, and made a rapid and effective response. The accuracy and power of their fire terribly surprised the Chinese gunners, who fully expected to destroy the ships quickly either by shells or by mines placed in the water. Two thousand men were landed, who, after a short struggle, forced an entry and captured the position, which now remains in their occupation. The attacking party was formed of men from the British, American, Italian, German, Japanese, Russian, French, and Austrian vessels. Fully 400 Chinese are reported to have been killed. The Chinese in their retreat fell into the arms of the Russian land forces. This information is derived from reports through Chinese sources. It is said that the orders to attack were conveyed in a personal edict issued by the Empress, on the advice of Kang-Yi. The Chinese are paralysed by the ease with which the fleet captured the forts. Dalziel

Warships Damaged

When the bombardment of the forts commenced Admiral Seymour's despatch boat Alacrity, Captain Smith-Dorien, had one end of the cable on board, which was shipped (? Slipped) when the fire from the forts became too hot to hold it. The German and Russian gunboats Iltis, Gilyak, and Koreetz presented a shocking spectacle at daybreak after the battle. The funnels and upper works of the three war vessel had been much damaged by shot and shell from the Chinese forts. Closer in shore a merchant steamer, belonging to a Chinese company, was completely riddled with shot. The Captain, an Englishman, was killed. The Russian gunboat Koreetz claims credit for having exploded the great magazine inside the forts ashore. Personal narratives by eye-witnesses of the bombardment declare it was one of the most magnificent sights ever witnessed. HMS Centurion was the only large British warship which ventured, by shelling over the smaller foreign vessels, to take part in the bombardment. The Taku forts on both sides pounded Her Majesty's gunboat Algerine, which only escaped destruction owing to the sudden collapse of the fort searchlight. Dalziel.

German Captain Dead.

Shanghai, June 22. Captain Hans, in command of the German gunboat Iltis, has died from wounds received at the bombardment of the Taku forts. . Dalziel.


DNS 26 Jun 1900

From Our Correspondent

Shanghai, Wednesday night. The Great Northern Telegraph Company has dispatched an official to Chefoo to act an intermediary between the Chinese Telegraph Department and the Company, and so to facilitate the working.

The Taotai of Shanghai has issued a proclamation urging the populace to maintain order, and quietly attend to their business.

There are no further reports of trouble from the Yangtze.

The German Admiral, in a telegram via Seoul, say that no news has been received at Taku from Peking, all communications being cut.

The German warship Irene has been order from Taintau to Taku, to reinforce the squadron.

Shanghai, June 20. The news form Peking, telegraphed today emanated from Sheng, the Administrator of Chinese Telegraphs.

Merchant steamers are not allowed to proceed to Tientsin, and those vessels which were on the way thither have returned to Chifu. It is difficult to obtain written correspondence from Itentsin. The China Merchants' Company have ceased sending vessels northwards.

From a thoroughly authentic source I learn that an understanding exists between Great Britain and the Viceroys of Nanking and Wuchang, accounting for the quietness on the Tang-tse. It is reported the Sin (?) us executing large bodies of suspects daily.

HMS Undaunted arrived at Wu-sung yesterday. She cleared for action when passing the forts, as a precautionary measure.

Telegraphic communication with Tientsin and Peking is impossible. The foreign official here are totally ignorant of affairs in the north, and there is practically no trustworthy postal news.

Tientsin telegrams, dated the 15th, and received by post today, state that a telegram was received on Thursday night to the effect that the foreign missionaries at Pao-ting-fu were safe, and were guarded by General Nieh's troops. Twenty-five Americans, with a Gatling gun, arrived at Tientsin on the 15th. The French warships, Jean Bart and Pascal, and a Japanese transport, have arrived at Taku.

The Boxers are reported to be close to Tientsin, and great excitement prevails.

A later Tientsin telegram of the same date says: "The foreign city and chapels have been burnt, but the native city has not been interfered with. The American Board, the American Methodist Episcopal, the London Mission and Tientsin City are practically in the hands of the Boxers. Local authority is paralysed, and in sympathy with the Boxers. Civil and military mandarins have been ordered out of their sedan chairs and compelled to cow-tow to the Boxers in the streets. Servants in the foreign settlements are leaving their masters en bloc. According to a Chinese report, a secret edict has been issued to the troops, directing them to join the Boxers. The position here is precarious. There is not news from the front. A breakdown gang of Chinese railway men and British guards has gone to repair a break on the railway near Yangtsun. The American warship Monocacy and the Russian Navarin have arrived at Taku. The German cruiser Kaiserin Augusta has left." Reuter.

Reports from Chinese sources credited by the foreign officials here state that the Legations at Peking were safe on June 17, and the Admiral Seymour, with the foreign expeditionary force, has reach Peking. Reuter.

Dalziel's Agency issues the following, dated Shanghai, June 20, and adds that nothing has yet been received from any of the Legations, or any foreigner in Peking:

"After an arduous march, in which there was frequent fighting with the Chinese, the composite foreign force under Admiral Seymour arrived at Peking on Sunday afternoon. On five separate occasions the Chinese attacked the column in great force. Many mounted men were among the Chinese, but most of the natives were badly armed. At times they fought with considerable courage and bravery. The losses of the Chinese during the march are estimated at five hundred killed. The losses on the foreign side are trifling."

Hong Kong, June 20. The Chinese at Canton anticipate trouble on the departure of Li Hung Chang.

It is rumoured that the Bogue ? Forts have received orders to fire upon any foreign man-of-war attempting to pass.

One gunboat here is kept under steam to be ready in case of emergency.

The police force in the new territory has been strengthened.

There is no foreign warship at Canton. Reuter

Simla, 20 June. The entire force for China will probably embark at Calcutta.

No officer proceeding on service will be allowed to do Press work. The 12th Battery R.F.A. from Jalandhar, and the R.A. ammunition column from Multan, are included in the force. New carbines are being issued to the battery.

The following have also been order for service in China. British Field Hospital, No. 22 Bombay ; native hospitals, Nos. 39 Jalandhar, 42 Ambala, 43 and 44 Lucknow, and 47 Mhow ; No 4 field medical store depot ; the native general hospital of 200 beds from Calcutta ; the ordnance field park and engineer field part from Port William ; 8 signalling units from Calcutta ; lithographic and printing section R.E., from Bangalore.

All the regiments will be provided with the new rifle and the mules and Maxims.

The troops have been chosen with the object of giving all classes a chance. They are all excellent.

The Madras Sappers did admirable work in the last China war. Reuter.

I had an interview today with a high military authority here on the situation in China, and the dispatch of native troops thither. "India," he said, "is well able to spare 20,000 more native troops, as we have the reserves and Imperial Service troops to fall back on. We can raise any number of Afridi corps, and also recruit up the army. The view here is that we should be prepared for any eventuality. If 20,000 Japanese are landed, these, with the contingents of all the Powers, ought to be able to crush all resistance. If the Powers act in concert, they should be able to free the Government at Peking, and restore order. China would then give compensation for the damage done, and reconstruct her government. The danger lies in conflicting interests."

The native troops will sail with the least possible delay. Reuter.

The staff of the Indian force under orders to proceed to China is as follows:

Commander-in-Chief: Brigadier General Sir a Gaselee.

Chief of the Staff: Brigadier General E. G. Barrow

Assistant Adj. Gen. Lt Col O'Sullivan, RE

Dep. Asst. Adj. Gen. Capt. Phihpps, 6th Gurkhas.

Brigade Major Captain Jermyn, 2nd Sikhs

Intelligence Officer - Capt. Norrie, Mddx Ret.

Field Intelligence - Capt. Ray, 7 Bengal Inf.

Special Services Officers - Capt. Mockler, 30th Madras Inf. ; Capt. Harrow, 4th Bengal Lanc. Capt. Hon. DH Napier, Central Indian Horse.

Signalling Officers - Capt. Rigby, Wilts. Regt. ; Lt Scott-Elliot, 4th Madras Pioneers.

Provost Marshal - Capt. Low, 9th Bengal Lanc.

PMO - Lt. Col. Bookey

Commissariat - Maj. Hutchins, Capt. Vaughan.

Dep. Asst. Adj. At Bado Lt. Col. Swann, 1st Bombay Grenadiers.

Commandant at Base - Maj. Delamain, 23rd Monbay Inf.

Adj. At Base - Lt. Creagh, 4th Punjabis.

Washington, 20 June. The American Minister at Tokio cables that two Japanese transports, with 1,300 men and 300 horses, sailed today for Taku. Six hundred Japanese troops have already landed there. If necessary Japan is prepared to send additional forces and five warships to Taku.

Admiral Kempff cables under today's date that the Taku forts were captured by the other foreign forces, and that he is making common cause with the foreigners for their general protection.

Three hundred Americans are ashore. Altogether 3,000 British and German troops have just arrived at Taku.

A cablegram today reports that the Yorktown has returned to Chifu after taking dispatches to Admiral Kempff. She brings no news of Admiral Seymour having reached Peking.

The State Department flatly denies that the US government has suggested to the Powers the restoration of the Emperor with Li Hung Chang as adviser. Reuter.

The Consul at Chifu cables that a mission-house at Sanchow has been looted, but that the Chinese General carried the missionaries in safety to some unknown place.

The message further states that the Chinese ships at Chifu have gone south ; also that the Russians continue to land troops at Taku. Reuter.

New York, June 20. The report emanating from Shanghai that the US transport Thomas, with troops for Manila, had been diverted at Nagasaki, and had landed 1,200 troops at Taku, is quite erroneous. The Thomas only left San Francisco on the 10th, and she had on board only seven officers and 392 men.

St Petersburg, June 20. The General Staff of the Navy has received the following telegraphic dispatch from Vice-Admiral Alexejeff, at Port Arthur:

"On the 17th inst. The Taku forts were captured by landing parties, after a night engagement, which was begun by the Chinese, and lasted seven hours. There took part in the engagement the Russian Gunboats Korejez, Giljak, and Bohr, the French gunboat Lion, the British sloop Algerine, and the German gunboat Iltis, under the general command of the Russian captain, Dobrowolski, the senior of the commanding officers.

"The Russian losses were one lieutenant killed, and one mortally, one severely, and one slightly wounded ; sixteen men killed and 87 wounded.

"The gunboat Giljak was seriously damaged, and has to be docked for repairs, the part below the water-line having been struck by shot and rendered leaky. The gunboat Korrejez is leaking in six places, and one of her cabins is destroyed. The gunboat Bohr sustained no damage." Reuter.

From Our Correspondence. Rome, Wednesday Night. Much rejoicing was felt when in the Senate today a telegram received at the Foreign Office from Shanghai was communicated declaring that all the Legations at Peking were safe. It is also stated that the Italian sailors forming part of the foreign contingent have arrived there, under the command of Admiral Seymour, up to the present without casualties.

Berlin, Wednesday Night. The Government has instructed the Imperial Consul at Chefoo to communicate with the Commander of the German Squadron in China, with a view to establishing a mail steamer service between Taku and that place. By this means the Government intends to get its own information independent of the news agencies. At the same time the Great North Western Telegraph Company has informed the International Bureau at Berne that , with the help of the united squadrons, it hopes before long to resume the interrupted service between Taku and Chefoo.

Great importance is attached in Governmental quarters to the statement that Li-Hun-Chang has been summoned to Peking. It is thought to be token that the Empress, at the eleventh hour, realises the immense danger into which she has thrown herself and her country, and that she intends to give in. In German Governmental quarters there is a distinct disinclination to discuss the idea of a conference, or any questions going beyond measures necessary for the rescue of Europeans. With regard to the circular note in which the Russian government communicates to the Powers the dispatch of four thousand troops to China, and assures them of her loyal co-operation, it must be borne in mind that it was sent before the fight at Taku. In contradiction, it is reported from St. Petersburg that Russian policy is betraying more and more a tendency to disassociate itself from the other Powers, and to pursue a course of its own. It is hoped in the Russian capital that by friendly representations to China, and the promise of support in the suppression of the revolution, to gain an exceptional position, and strengthen Russian influence. The Russian Press maintains with startling unanimity that the whole rising is directed against the financial and economical exploitation of Western Europe, but that Russia has interests of quite a different nature to protect in China, and must therefore participate in the action of the Powers only with the greatest caution.

It is stated to day that the mobilisation of the who Marine Infantry ordered yesterday has been countermanded, and that the two naval battalions will be sent to China, the strength of their peace footing being increased within the next few days by a strong detachment of Marines. Their commander, General Hüpfner, received yesterday his instructions from the Emperor personally. The 1st Battalion, under the command of Major Mudai, leaves on Sunday on board the Lloyd steamer Frankfurt, the 2nd Battalion is to follow on board the Wittekind while another detachment embarks on the gun boat Fuchs. At Kiel rumours are circulated that besides the Prince Bismarck, other cruisers are to be sent to China. It is further contemplated to man the new cruisers Freya and Victoria Luise with the crews of the ironclads Sachsen and Württenberg, and send them to Eastern Asia. Should this not be sufficient the large cruiser Vineta and the small Geinr will also be dispatched.

When Lord Salisbury said in his speech about the missionaries meets with general approval here. It is an admonition which all missionary societies, of whatever nationality, ought to take to heart, and many evils would then be avoided.

Berlin, June 20: A dispatch from Chifu, dated June 19th, received this evening, says: The Chinese northern squadron has sailed for the Yangtse. No news has reached Taku since the 13th inst. of the relief column under Seymour. Reuter.

Form Our Correspondent. Paris, Wednesday night. There has been no news since the 14th inst. from M. François, the Consul at Yunnan-Sien. That official implored the Governments when he last telegraphed not to send troops towards Yunnan to protect him and his compatriots. To do so would be to lash the native population into irrepressible fury. Poignant uneasiness is felt at the Foreign Ministry.

The "Tereps" hopes that all missionaries who heard Lord Salisbury's Exeter Hall speech will take his advice. The relations of missionaries with their Foreign Offices have too often been a cause of serious embarrassment to the latter. The French government recently, and with great trouble, obtained confirmation of the old right to protect Catholic missions of all nationalities in China. These missions might do worse than hearken to Lord Salisbury's words.

Paris, June 20, Evening. The French Consul at Mang-tse has received the following telegram from M/ Francois, dated Yunnan-Fu, June 15:

"On attempting to leave Yunnan-Fu on the 10th inst. we were attacked and compelled to return to the town. Our baggage was pillaged. The mission houses and the railway buildings were burned. My house alone was spared, and I assembled all the French subjects there. We kept our rifles. At the end of 48 hours the Mandarins at length took measures. I called upon them to conduct us to the frontier, and I expect them to be responsible for the safety of our journey. It is urgently necessary that the Government should summarily demand authorisation for our departure, for we are practically detained as prisoners, but troops must not be sent across the frontier from Indo-China. At the present all the Frenchmen here are safe."

The Vice Consul at Mong-tse adds that the situation at the place is still precarious, and that there are frequent alarms, but hitherto no serious incident has occurred.

The "Éclair" states that at its meeting yesterday the Council of Ministers decided that formal orders should be sent to the troops stationed on the Yunnan frontier not to come to blows with the Chinese on any pretext, nor to cross the Chinese frontier under any circumstances whatsoever.

The same journal also publishes the following:

"M/ Delcassé, in conversation with Sir Edmund Monson, formally assured the British Ambassador that France did not dream of profiting by present events to seek territorial aggrandisement in the three southern provinces of China, where, it is as well to point out, the right of action is by treaty permitted to us alone." Reuter.

From Our Correspondent. Vienna, Wednesday Night. The Vienna "Neue Freie Presse" learns that the Austro-Hungarian Government does not intend to send regular troops to China, but that another warship will be dispatched. The "Neues Wiener Taghlatt" writes: The Austro-Hungarian Admiralty has given orders for the fitting out and provisioning of the following vessels for immediate service: the first cruiser division, sonsisting of the torpedo rams Carl VI., the Kaiserin und Königin Maria Theresia, und the Kaiserin Elisabeth. These vessels will start, if necessary, immediately for China. The gunboats Zonta, which should have been relieved by the Maria Theresia, will remain until further orders in Chinese waters, and join the cruiser division.

Constantinople, June 19. The developments of events in China is being followed with great interest here. In certain circles the fear is expressed that the anti-foreign movement in China may react unfavourably on the latent fanatical element in Turkey, thus rendering yet more difficult the treatment of Turkey's foreign affairs.

It is therefore strongly desired here that the Powers may not show any weakness in the treatment of the Chinese problem, but will act with the utmost energy, as a vacillating policy might be attended with consequences of a disastrous character for other Oriental countries. Reuter.


DNS 26 Jun 1900

Shanghai, Monday 11 am

The Taotai Sheng has this morning informed the Senior Consul that his announcement that the Peking Legations were all right up to the 20th instant is a mistake. What should have been conveyed was that they were safe on the 15th. The confusion has arisen owing to the variance between the foreign and Chinese calendars.

It is further explained that General Yuan at Chinanfu sent a mounted courier to Peking, who arrived there on the 15th. He left again on the 18th, bringing the information that all was then well. Central News.

Shefoo, Monday (Via Shanghai, Monday 5 pm) The British cruiser Terrible has arrived here from Taku and reports that a force of 800 Sikhs and 200 Welsh Fusiliers have effected a junction with German, American and Russian forces, which had been cut off by the Chinese on two previous evenings about nine miles from Tientsin.

The Terrible further reports that it was proposed to deliver an assault upon the Chinese forces at Tientsin last night. Central News.

Hong Kong, Jun 25. The American battleship Oregon left for Taku yesterday. The Hailoong, with stores, sailed this morning, having been delayed in order to take 1,000,000 rounds of ammunition. Dr. Sutton R. H., will accompany her for the base hospital at Wei-hai-Wei. The troops at Macao are under arms. The Governor of Macao has sent arms for the Portuguese at Canton. Anti-foreign placards have been posed up at Canton. Reuter.

Paris, June 25. The following semi-official Note has been issued here: "Our Consul General in Shanghai telegraphs on the 24th inst. That according to statements made by Sheng, director of railways and telegraphs, the foreign ministers and Europeans in Peking were safe and well on the 19th, and were preparing, with the authorisation of the Chinese Government, to leave the capital.

"According to a telegram from M. Francois, dated June 22md, and transmitted by way of Indo-China, our Consul was preparing to leave Yun-nan-Sen on June 24th.

"Finally, a telegram from our Consul at Chefoo, dated June 24th, states that there is great anxiety in that town, but that up to the present tranquillity has been maintained."

The Ministry of Marine has received advices from Saigon to the effect that the armoured cruiser Vauban and the transport Caravane have sailed from Taku with 600 marines and a battery of artillery. The dispatch boat Benguli left for the same destination. Reuter

Washington, June 25. The United States Consul at Shanghai cables that no reliable news has been received there regarding the condition of affairs at Peking or elsewhere. Reuter.

Chicago, June 25. General Joseph Wheeler, who a short time ago returned from the Far East, has stated in an interview that he does not anticipate serious trouble in China. He believes that when the Empress realises that the world is against her she will accede to the demands of the Powers.

"When I was in China in February," he said "I became convinced that Russia desired a protectorate over the Chinese Empire, and that she was ready to grasp it."

General Wheeler would not commit himself to any view as to the effect which the establishment of such a protectorate might have upon the policy of the United States. He declared that all the troops needed to safeguard this country's interests in China in the present crisis could be spared from the forces now in the Philippines. He regarded the selection of Brigadier General Hall to command the American troops as an excellent one, General Hall being well informed regarding Chinese affairs. Baffan.

Washington, June 25. Mr Long, Secretary of the Navy, learns that the US warship Oregon left Hong Kong on Saturday night, carrying 161 sailors and marines, brought thither by the Zafiro. The Oregon is expected to reach Taku in six days.

The water-carrying vessel Arethusa, at League Island, has been ordered to China. She will also take out 3,600 tons of coal.

The Chinese Minister here has asked that no further detachments of American troops should be sent to China. The proposal is based on the assurance of the Viceroys of the Yangtze provinces that they can maintain order in their districts. President McKinley, while acknowledging his gratification at the Viceroy's assurance, has informed the Minister that the United States cannot relax its efforts to send troops to the localities where American officials are considered to be in danger. Reuter.

Vienna, June 25. According to intelligence forwarded by the commander of the gunboat Zenta, Chefoo, whence news arrived only yesterday that all was quiet, is today reported to be threatened. The left behind at Chefoo, where she went to take on coal, fifteen men to protect the Consulate, and today sailed with consular dispatches at full speed for Taku.

A dispatch received here from Chefoo, bearing today's date, states that according to reports received from the Austro-Hungarian gunboat Zenta, officers of the Austro-Hungarian navy played a most gallant part in the storming of Taku forts. Special mention is made of Ensign Stenner and Midshipman Petri, who later on returned on board the Zenta. It is added that the Austro-Hungarian flag is flying on Taku south fort by the side of the German flag. Reuter.

St Petersburg, June 25. The following order of the Czar is published today: "As we consider it necessary to raise the troops in the Amur Military District to a war footing, we request the Minister of War to take the measures required to that end. At the same time, we direct that the necessary number of men belonging to the reserve in the territories of the Siberian and Amur Military Districts shall be called out for active service."

The Russian Press generally approve the communiqué on the Chinese question published yesterday by the "Official Messenger" as being in complete accord with the opinion frequently expressed by the papers, that, although Russia must certainly participate in the common action of the Powers to rescue foreigners from their present danger, it is equally her duty to preserve the friendly relations between Russia and China, which are rendered necessary by the immense and manifold interests resulting from their position as territorial neighbours and their traditional and reciprocally conciliatory policy. Reuters.

The Grand Duke Alexis returned yesterday from abroad, and is now in St Petersburg. There is consequently no foundation for the statement in the Paris "Figaro" that his Imperial Highness had embarked on a Russian warship at Toulon. Reuter.

From Our Correspondents. Berlin Monday. At last the German Government has received direct news about the fight at Taku and the losses suffered. The telegram now to hand is a copy of the one sent off by the Commander of the German squadron, via Port Arthur, which apparently was lost. It is as follows:

"At 12.50 midnight Chinese forts opened bombardment, seven gunboats in the river. After six hours' hard fighting, the forts were captured and occupied. The Commander of Iltis was the soul of the undertaking, and fought brilliantly. On board the Iltis the engine-boilers, hull, and 8.10 centimetre guns remained undamaged, whilst the 3.7 guns and mounting are badly damaged." The follow the names of eight killed, among them Lieutenant Hellmann, and four seriously wounded, among them Commander Lans and the correspondent of the German newspaper, "eastern Asiatic Lloyd" at Shanghai. Ten men were slightly wounded. The telegram concludes with the words: During last hour of fighting Captain Lieutenant Hoffmann was in command. He followed Captain Lans' example. Behaviour of men splendid. Help from other ships was impossible."

The telegram shows that the losses of the Germans were heavier than was at first reported. On the other hand, the Chinese Legation here published a telegraphic mess of a more reassuring nature, which it had received from the Viceroy of Nanking, stating that the German Minister, von Ketteler, was safe and well. A second telegram from the manager of the Chinese Railways and Telegraphs was to the effect that all the foreign Ministers at Peking were safe, and a third, also received by the Chinese Minister here from the Viceroy of Nanking, confirms the statement that Li-Hung-Chang had been summoned to Peking, where he is to undertake the task of mediating between the Powers and the Chinese Government. According to the same telegram Li-Hung-Chang first intends to suppress the rising and then to open negotiations. It is surprising that the Chinese Legation here is all at once so well provided with telegrams and information about what is going on at Peking. The contrast between the complete want of news of late and this sudden abundance may perhaps find its explanation in the concluding passage of the alleged telegram of the Viceroy of Nanking, in which the wish is expressed that the European Powers may desist from the further sending of troops to China. The Chinese Minister here has doubtless had an opportunity of convincing himself personally that this wish has no chance of being realised.

The Note published by the Russian Regierunshote ?? is a remarkable document, for it officially maintains the white lie to which the Cabinets are compelled in the interest of the preservation of their much-praised unity - ????, the fiction that the Chinese Government is innocent of the present events. The extremely lenient and benevolent language in which the Russian semi-official Note is worded is much notices here. It is evidently drawn up according to the recipe of Prince Uchtomski and his friends, who always advocated that Russia should rather keep in the background as far as joint action with the Powers is concerned, and try to come to her own terms with China. Any rate, the Russian Note is not fitted to increase confidence in the sincerity of Russian policy, being accompanies, as it is, by the statement of the mobilisation of the Siberian troops. "You see," a Diplomatist said to me today, ironically, "Russians always come in the shape of the benefactors, whether in Bulgaria or Central Asia, or Persia, or China.

As regard the mobilisation of Russian troops, German comments adapt the favourite method of raising the question: What will England say ? The impression is thus to be awakened that his measure is directed against England, while in reality it is a symptom of the critical nature of the present situation, which is causing great uneasiness here too.

Rome, Monday night. The Foreign Office has received information that the Italian cruisers in Chinese waters have landed every man available. The other men-of-war on the way cannot arrive at the earliest before July 20th. Two batteries of mounted artillery have been ordered to be got ready to leave a a moment's notice for China.


NTW ; 7 Oct 1900

Military Activity - Allied Fleets Seize Shan-Hai-Kwan Forts.

The following despatch has been received at Vienna from the Commander of the Austro-Hungarian Squadron in Chinese waters: "In accordance with the instructions of Count von Waldersee, the seizure of Shan-Hai-Kwan was decided upon by the Council of Admirals on September 29. All was prepared for action, and English warships were despatched to demand the surrender of that place. The Chinese evacuated the forts and the position, and the British flag was then hoisted over Shan-Hai-Kwan. The flagships proceed thither to hoist their respective flags on the forts." Reuter.

Admiral Candiani telegraphs to Rome that the attack on the Shan-Hai-Kwan Forts commenced on the 3rd, the allied troops participating consisting of 3,500 Russians, 1,000 British, 1,100 French, 800 Germans and 500 Italians. The Italian warships Vetter-Pisani, Elba, Stomboli, and Fieramosea are assisting the attack from the sea. Shan-Hai-Kwan Forts are held by 10,000 Chinese. Central News.

[Shan-Hai-Kwan is an important strategic point on the coast about 150 miles north of the mouth of the Pei-Ho River. At one time it was thought that an Anglo-Japanese relief force would advance on Pekin from Shan-Hai-Kwan, as the route, although longer than the Tientsin direct road, presented fewer difficulties than the latter.]

British Gunboat Shells a Village

It is reported from Hong Kong that the gunboat Robin has shelled the village of Luk Lao, on the West River, in retaliation for the outrage upon the British steamer Lungkiang, which was stoned and fired upon while on a voyage from Canton to Wuchow. The ringleaders are also said to have been flogged. The river gunboat Sandpiper was stoned while passing Shokwan, on the West River. The matter was reported to the British Consul at Canton, who advised the commander not to retaliate. Reuter.

New Winter Port Seized

A landing party from HMS Aurora has occupied Ching-Wan-Tao. An order has been sent to Shanghai for the immediate delivery of plant for the construction of a branch railway between Tang-ho and Ching-Wan-Tao, and also for the erection of a temporary pier, at which ships can be moored. It is expected that this work will be complete in two months. On its completion facilities for a winter port will have been secured. Reuter.


News of the World 15 July 1900

ALLIES HARD PRESSED

DESPERATE FIGHTING AT TIENTSIN

REINFORCEMENTS NEEDED

MYSTERY OF THE LEGATIONS.

REPORTED MASSACRE JULY 6

A TERRIBLE NARRATIVE

EMPRESS SAID TO BE AGAIN IN POWER

REPORTED MESSAGE FROM THE EMPEROR

Pekin, so far as definite and official news is concerned, is still a closed book. The reassuring reports published last week that two Legations were standing on July. 5, and that the Boxers were dispersing, have been persistently repeated, whilst it is stated that prince Ching, with the Pekin field force, is guarding the Legations from Prince Tuan and his hordes of fanatics. It is to be hoped that those rumours are true, but as nothing definite has yet come through we can only wait and hope for the best. In both Houses of Parliament many questions have been asked, but very little information has been at the disposal of ministers. Mr. Brodrick has stated, that the Japanese government were hurrying up the reinforcements, bringing the number of their troops in China to 20,000, and that Japan had imposed no conditions upon the employment of her forces. On Friday Mr. Brodrick also stated that a despatch purporting to proceed from the Emperor of China to her Majesty's Government was received on Thursday, but he was not then able to say whether it could be laid with the other papers.

From Tientsin comes news of desperate fighting. The Chinese, many thousands strong, are attacking the place, which is held by about 13,000 of the allied troops. The allies are reported to be hard pressed, and have asked for reinforcements, which by this time should have reached the city.

REPORTED MASSACRE ON JULY 6

EMPRESS REPENTANT - RETURNS TO POWER

PEREMPTORY DEMAND BY THE UNITED STATES

All the news about Pekin comes from Chinese sources, and therefore cannot be relied upon. Much of it is contradictory, and it is impossible to say what has really happened. The most important event of the week is the action of the United States. On Tuesday the Chinese minister at Washington handed to Secretary Hay an edict which he had received from the Chinese Government. This official statement confirms the previous reports received from China up to Juno 30, China disclaims responsibility for, and the riotous situation in Pekin, and blames foreigners for provoking mob violence, by attacking the fortifications at Taku.

The Imperial decree further confirms the murder of Baron von Ketteler, and explains why the foreign- ministers are detained in Pekin under the protection of the Imperial Government. A copy of the decree has been forwarded to all the foreign Governments. After the presentation of the edict Mr. Hay requested Wu-Ting-Fang, the Chinese Minister, to got a message through to Mr. Conger, the American Minister at Pekin, feeling that since the Chinese Government had succeeded in getting its communication sent from Pekin, it was quite reasonable to ask that communication should be opened with the American Minister. Wu-Ting-Fang readily assented, and evinced an earnest desire to use all his personal and official influence to forward the message, acting through an influential Imperial officer at Shanghai who, owing to position, is better able than anyone else to execute the commission. This officer was urged to use the same despatch in obtaining Mr. Conger's reply as in forwarding the message. It is stated also that the United States Government has intimated to the Chinese Minister that if the message and reply is not sent through, the failure will be regarded as an unfriendly act.

NOT QUITE HOPELESS

Vienna, July 12. The Austro-Asiatic Company here received to-day, from its agent in Shanghai, the following despatch, dated yesterday morning: "According to reliable reports from Chinese sources the foreigners at Pekin were alive on July 5. Their position does not appear quite hopeless. Central News.

A DESPAIRING MESSAGE,

A private letter from Pekin, dated June 24, received at Tientsin on the 30th, says : "We are in danger of death. Thirty thousand troops are attacking. Only three days' food is left. We have no news of troops. If no relief comes all seems hopeless. Mallien's store burnt; hotel bombarded Italian, Dutch, American, and part of British Legations burnt." This confirms Sir Robert Hart's despairing message of the same date.

CHING TO THE RESCUE

The Secretary of the Admiralty informs us that the subjoined telegram has been received from Rear-Admiral Bruce at Taku, dated July 7 :

"There are grounds for hoping Prince Ching with his army at Pekin is protecting the Legations against Prince Tuan and his army and Boxers

Reuter's Agency learns that the news mentioned is Admiral Bruce's despatch to the Admiralty that Prince Ching's army is probably protecting the European residents in Pekin is, if true, sufficient to justify strong hopes that the situation in the Chinese capital may still he retrieved. Prince Ching a Prince of the Imperial family, and, having been at the head of the Government for many years, wields great influence and is well acquainted with China's foreign relations.

THE EMPRESS'S RETURN.

Shanghai, July 10. According to information from a Chinese official source the Empress resumed the reins of Government on the 30th ult., and appointed Yung-Lu Prime Minister. She sent a despatch to Nankin by runner, who covered 100 miles a day, to thank the Yangtsze Viceroys for their loyalty and to recommend them to protect the foreigners at any cost. The above news reached Shanghai at ten o'clock last night.

THE EMPEROR ALIVE

Shanghai, July 11. I have learned upon the highest authority that the Emperor is still alive and well. Moreover, he is giving close attention to the present crisis. The Dowager-Empress is likewise actively working to restore order in the Empire. The tales of poisonings and murder emanating from this place were mere idle native concoctions and surmises. Central News.

CONFLICTING RUMOURS

The Central News announces that a telegram received in London on Friday morning from Pekin states that ail foreigners in the Chinese capital were murdered on July 6. The message is said to have reached. one of the Legations in London, and to have emanated from Chinese official sources. On inquiry at the Chinese Legation, the Japanese Legation, as well as at the Foreign Office and the Admiralty, there was no information in confirmation of the above report, which was altogether discredited. The only foundation for the story seems to have been a rumour which reached the Military Attaché at the Japanese Legation.

TERRIBLE NARRATIVE.

On Monday last, says the " Daily Mail " Shanghai correspondent, the following story emanating from Chinese official sources in the north; arrived here: " I have, learned its nature, though it has not been made public, and I cable it exactly as it reached me:

" The two Legations remaining uncaptured - viz. the British and the Russian - were attacked on the evening of July 6 in force. The general in command was Prince Tuan. The attackers were divided. Prince Tuan commanded the centre, with Kang Yu as his assistant; the right wing was led by Prince Tsai Yin, and the left by Prince Yin Lin. His reserves were under Prince Tsai Yu. The attack commenced with the artillery. The fighting, which was severe, lasted until seven next morning, by which time the destruction of both Legations was complete. All the foreigners were dead, while the streets around the Legations were full of the dead bodies of both foreigners and Chinese. Upon hearing of tile attack Prince Ching and General Wang Weng Shao went with troops to the assistance of the foreigners, but were outnumbered and defeated. Both Prince Ching and Wang Weng Shao were killed. It is said that two foreigners escaped through the gates, one with a heavy, sword wound in his head. Prince Tuan in celebration of the victory, distributed 100,000 taels (an ounce. Of silver) and huge quantities of rice to the Borers."

AT TIENTSIN.

CHINESE BOMBARD THE CITY,

ALLIED FORCES FIGHTING HARD.

The allied forces in Tientsin, which, according to Admiral Bruce, telegraphing on July 7, number 10,000, have apparently all their work cut out to hold the place, Reuter's correspondent states that on June 29 eight hundred Japanese troops arrived, making the strength of the foreign garrison 8,300; of whom 1,300 are Japanese. Nothing in the way of active operations is being undertaken pending the arrival of further reinforcements, the different commanders agreeing that it is useless to attempt a forward movement until 20,000 to 30,000 men are available. Various reports have been brought to Tientsin stating that Yuan-shih-kai is advancing with 40,000 Shang-tung troops, but this is regarded as extremely improbable. Yuan is too acute not to see the ultimate result of such action, and will probably remain at Tsi-nan-fu to watch developments.

The settlements are now under martial law. Incendiary fires are of constant occurrence. It is believed they are caused by Chinese, who are in sympathy with the boxers, and have obtained entrance to the settlements. A statement has been made, and may find its way into the Press that Admiral Seymour's column was guilty of murder and pillage during its expedition. Such statements are absolutely false. If there was any error it was on the side of undue leniency. The people wore not interfered with unless they first attacked the column, and villages were not touched unless there was absolutely convincing evidence that they were Boxer centres, and concerned in the attack on the expedition. Even in the case of villages which were found to be full of railway material, furnishing conclusive proof that the people had been concerned in the destruction of the railway, they were not touched unless when burnt as a military necessity.

Telegraphing on July 1, the same correspondent says: " There has been a good deal of firing all day by snipers hidden in the outskirts of the settlements, bullets falling quite thickly in the streets in the afternoon. Mr. Campbell was shot through the ankle in the main thoroughfare of the British concession, but, fortunately, the wound is not serious. Japanese sappers are engaged in repairing the railway before Tientsin in order to restore communication by rail with Taku.

A COMBINED RECONNAISSANCE.

The allied forces have been much harassed by Chinese snipers, and on the 1st (says the Central News), with the object of drawing these snipers, who were supposed to be attached to small bodies of the enemy in the immediate vicinity, a combined reconnaissance was made. A force of Russians advanced northwards two miles towards the station. A smaller force advanced in a north-easterly direction, a distance of about a mile dividing the two parties. Owing to a misunderstanding among the Generals, the allied forces, which were to move in cooperation, were delayed, and finally held back for sometime. Meantime the advanced Russian forces had developed a vigorous counter-attack by Imperial Chinese troops from the native city. With great difficulty the Russians bravely held their opponents in check until reinforced.

The Chinese had also opened fire upon the town with heavy guns advantageously posted on the city walls. For two hours they maintained a furious cannonade, but did little damage. The European officers were somewhat surprised at the strength of. the resistance they stirred up, but there was a further surprise when a very strong force of Chinese was discovered issuing rapidly and stealthily from the eastern part of the city. At this time the attention of the European forces was chiefly directed towards repelling the attack to the north, and before adequate arrangements could be made to check this new attack the Chinese had advanced to within a hundred yards of the pontoon bridge near the French Settlement, where heavy fighting occurred during the last attack. Here the Chinese took almost impenetrable cover, this portion of the city being deserted, and opened a heavy rifle-fire. The bridge was held by a small force of Russians, with a Gatling gun. The Russians had also secured cover, and for some time there was……

DESPERATE FIGHTING

….at point-blank range. The Russians skillfully worked their Gatling, and gallantly held their own until the arrival of two companies of their compatriots. The Chinese then sullenly retired towards the native city, although during the retirement they kept up a continuous fusillade, which, however, was not very effective. The British forces and those of the other Powers were attacked while in protected positions at Salt Stocks Line (?), opposite the Bank. They were unable to reply effectively to the fire of their assailants, who, under splendid cover, were almost invisible. Late in the afternoon the firing gradually abated, and the engagement came to an end. The Hong Kong Regiment and the Japanese contingent inflicted considerable loss on the enemy. The Russian casualties were in excess of the enemy's, but they are mostly slightly wounded. The British forces had no casualties. The movement confirms a suspicion of the presence of a large force of the enemy in the native city, but the great strength of the Chinese force was a surprise to everybody. Otherwise the whole day's operations were a failure, and the situation as obscure as ever.

The river from Taku is still open, and the arrival of additional Annamese troops, has raised the French force to 1,200.

AN ARTILLERY DUEL

Tientsin, July 3. Yesterday a force of Boxers, estimated at about 5,000 strong, was seen entering the native city of Tientsin. The British dropped two shells among them. Admiral Alexieff, the Governor of Port Arthur, has arrived, and it is expected at Tientsin that he will assume supreme command of the allied forces. A council of the allied commanders was held yesterday to consider plans of attack and defence assault on the settlement being regarded as imminent. The, residents were alarmed last night by the sound of heavy firing, which came from the French Concession, and it proved that the French troops were dislodging Chinese snipers on the opposite bank of the river. This morning an artillery duel has been going on between the Russian Field Battery and two Chinese guns placed to the left of a large village opposite the native city on the other bank of the Pei-ho. The practice made on both sides is excellent, and at the time of the. despatch of tide message firing is still going on.. Eight hundred. Japanese arrived yesterday, raising the strength of the garrison to over 10,00.0 men.-Rcuter.

FOREIGN SETTLEMENT SHELLED.

Tientsin, July 4.-The Chinese shelled the foreign settlements yesterday during the whole day. The shells were counted, and it was ascertained that upwards of 150 fell within the settlements. Many houses were partially wrecked, but the casualties were few. Civilians, women, and children were ordered to take shelter in the cellars of the Town Hall and of the Astor Hotel. Three companies of Japanese infantry, a mountain battery and a few Russian skirmishers engaged the Chinese guns, with little effect. The Terrible's 12-pounder, then came into action at the railway station. The enemy thereupon placed two shells fairly under the gun, slightly damaging the carriage and wounding one of the bluejackets working it. The gun was retired and a French gun was brought into action at the same place. The very next shell from the Chinese artillery burst right amidst the gun's crew, wounding three men. The enemy's artillery practice is, indeed, invariably first-rate. In the fighting today the Japanese lost one officer and two men killed and 20 wounded. The Russian casualties have not been ascertained, nor is it possible to form an estimate of the Chinese loss. Arrangements are being made for sending on the women and children to Taku, and thence to Chefu and Japan. Major Morris, of the Welsh Fusiliers, has been invalided to Hong Kong. Midshipman Donaldson, of Her Majesty's ship Barfleur, who was wounded in the first bombardment, died yesterday. It is believed that the garrison of Tientsin has been reinforced during the pest 48 hours by several thousands of Ma's and Sung's troops. Last night the Chinese mounted several heavy guns commanding the settlements.-Reuter.

EUROPEAN GUNS OUTCLASSED

Tientsin, July 4. There is a general desire on the part of the several foreign commanders to co-operate with one another, but the effective action of the allies is seriously impaired by a want of cohesion and of a single direction: On the whole the balance of gain during the operations of the past week is on the side of the Chinese, whose Artillery in particular outclasses that of the Europeans. Reuter.

REPELLED BY BRITISH GUNS.

Tientsin, July. 5. Yesterday an attack was made on the Foreign Settlement from two directions by large bodies of Chinese troops, of which one moved out front the Western Arsenal, while the other advanced on the railway station on the opposite bank of the river, The Chinese are evidently in need of a capable commander. The attack from the arsenal was, it is true, directed against what was probably the weakest point of our defence, a point which had hitherto not been pressed ; but the Chinese advanced on this side across the open plain without any cover, and the attack was easily repulsed by the shelling of the British heavy-guns. The attack on the railway station was made simultaneously, the Chinese, who were in great. force, advancing under cover of the fire of eleven guns, to which the British replied with two of the Terrible's twelve-pounders and five smaller cannon. While the guns were hard at it, a force of British. French, Russian and Japanese infantry moved out to deal with the Chinese infantry attack. More of the enemy's artillery then came. into play, anal was admirably handled, the shells being thrown incessantly among the allied troops, who suffered heavily. The Japanese, whose behaviour was splendid, executed a well-conceived movement, and succeeded in turning the Chinese left, driving the enemy out of a strong position among grave mounds and irrigation trenches. The Chinese retired to the native city, and the allied infantry then also fell back. The affairs afterwards became an artillery duel, which lasted' until dark, with little damage to either side.

TERRIBLE'S GUNS TO THE FORE

The British Chinese regiment was engaged, and proved very steady under fire. The casualties of the allies have not yet been ascertained. As to the enemy's loss, no estimate can be formed. A welcome addition to the defence arrived yesterday in the shape of two more of the. Terrible's 12-pounders with " Ladysmith to Tientsin - Immediate " painted on the carriages. This morning I went out to watch the Terrible's guns engaging the fort on the east side of the city. The practice was beautiful. Five shells in quick succession dropped into the fort, and the Chinese fled, without attempting to reply. At the time of writing this message their guns are still silent. Most of the women and children left Tientsin to-day. The remainder will follow as opportunity offers. Two thousand Japanese landed at Taku today. Thirteen thousand more are expected in three or four days. Reuters

YET ANOTHER ATTACK

Tientsin, July 6. The Chinese made an attack upon Tientsin this morning. They opened fire with artillery at four a.m. Their attack was developed from the east. They had twelve guns in action. The allied forces replied with three 12-pounders from the Terrible, and afterwards a force of 1,000 men, composed of detachments of the different European forces marched out to attack the Chinese, under cover of the naval field guns. The Chinese eventually were compelled to retire , at one o'clock. Mr. Mackenzie's godown was fired by a shell. The Chinese worked their guns well, and the shell fire they kept up upon the European settlement was very accurate. Central News.

REFUGEES'- SUFFERINGS

The steamer Hsin-chi arrived, at Shanghai on Tuesday with 200 European refugees from Tientsin. An order was issued at Tientsin on the 2nd inst. for all women and children to quit the city in view of expected heavy fighting. They accordingly proceeded down the river on lighters and succeeded in reaching Taku without difficulty. At Taku however, there was no accommodation for them, and they had to crowd on board the Japanese steamer Hailoong, which was moored alongside Her Majesty's ship Barfleur. There they remained for three days, enduring great discomfort. At the end of the third day the fugitives addressed a petition to Admiral Bruce begging him to afford them some relief, and at that moment the steamer opportunely arrived from Shanghai. By the Admiral's orders the refugees were transferred to the Hsin-chi, which sailed from Taku on the 7th inst. Over two hundred women and children were confined in the Gordon Hall at Tientsin for two weeks, and were much distressed. The food supplied to them was of poor quality, and the water quite undrinkable. There was, however, little sickness among them, and no casualties, despite the fact that the hall was struck eight times by shells. Many. refugees slept in cellars for three-weeks without a change of clothing. All those who have arrived here are loud in their praise of the kindness and consideration shown to them by the officers and men of the Russian and Japanese forces. All noncombatants have been ordered to leave Tientsin, but most of the able-bodied civilians remain voluntarily, assisting in the defence of the city, and at the full disposal of the military authorities. Central News.

OFFICIAL DESPATCH

From the Naval Commander-in-Chief, Tientsin, July 7, via Chefu, July 11:

" Chinese continue sniping, often shelling the settlements. They are extending their lines along the canal to the north-eastward and appearing in greater force to the west of the city.

" Yesterday we bombarded the city and the immediate suburbs, which stopped the Chinese gun fire for some time. The French settlement and the railway station are most subject to attack.

" To-day another bombardment will take place as yesterday. Am steadily getting more guns up. Ten thousand troops now here, and more required. Both Russians and Japanese are expected."

SEYMOUR PRAISES HIS TROOPS

Admiral Seymour has issued a notice to be read to all concerned in the recent operations and to all the ships' companies on the North China Station. He praises highly their general conduct during the attempted relief of Pekin under much discomfort, hard work, want of food and water, without rest, and with much anxiety. All, these troubles, in addition to, the dangers of war, were borne with zeal, patience, courage, and cheerfulness worthy of a noble service. He believes that coming trials will be similarly borne.

The Admiral utters high praise of the officers and men engaged in the defence of Tientsin and the operations at Taku. The defence of Tientsin has involved much risk and harassing fatigue. The capture of the Taku forts was well planned and carried out. The British Commander states that he is conveying the above fact to the Admiralty in England. The notice concludes as follows: " To me personally the fine conduct of those belonging to the British China Squadron is a matter for special pride and measure. I have no misgivings, but that, whatever is before us, we shall, if possible, do better rather than otherwise to uphold the traditions of the British Navy.

IN THE NORTH

NEW-CHWANG REPORTED

BURNED AND SACKED.

Tientsin, July 4. The late Chief of Police at Port Arthur has arrived here. He reports that the Chinese have sacked and burned New-Chwang. They are also wrecking the Manchuria railway, and are pillaging the unprotected outskirts of Port Arthur. Reuter.

(New-Chwang, which is 189 miles north of Port Arthur, is a British concession, and the seaport of Manchuria.)

BRITISH CASUALTIES.

LOSSES IN THE FIGHTING NEAR TIENTSIN,

The Secretary of the Admiralty, reports the following casualties in China:

Died From Wounds.

Frank S. D. Eadaile, midshipman, H.M.S. Barfleur

Herbert S. Bolton, A.B., ???? H.M.S. Centurion.

Killed

Richard Skipsey, A.B., 143729, H.M.S. Centurion

Dangerously Wounded.

George Wrangles, gunner, R.M.A., 4790, H.M.S. Barfleur;

Edward Turner, lending seaman, 179102, H.M.S. Centurion.

Seriously Wounded

Albert Beaumont, stoker, 149338, H.M.S. Centurion.

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