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Establishment of the Rank of Mate (E)

1914 01 27
Establishment of the Rank of Mate (E)
Earlier Advancement of Engineers and Artificers
At the Court at Windsor Castle, the 21st day of January, 1914.

Present, The King's Most Excellent Majesty in Council.

Weiereas there was this day read at the Board a Memorial from the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, dated the 17th day of January, 1914, in the words following, viz.:

Whereas by section 3 of the Naval and Marine Pay and Pensions Act, 1865, it is enacted, inter alia, that all pay, pensions, or, other allowances in the nature thereof, payable in respect of services in Your Majesty's Naval or Marine Force to a person being or having been an Officer, Seaman, or Marine therein, shall be paid in such manner, and subject to such restrictions, conditions, and provisions as are from time to time directed by Order in Council:

And whereas we are of opinion that provision should be made for the advancement of Artificer Engineers, Chief Engine Room Artificers and Engine Room Artificers, so as to enable them to attain the rank of Engineer Lieutenant at an earlier age than is possible under existing regulations

We beg leave humbly to recommend that Your Majesty may be graciously pleased by Your Order in Council to sanction the following proposals: -

  1. A selection to be made of Artificer Engineers, Chief Engine Room Artificers and Engine Room Artificers who are considered likely to prove suitable for commissioned rank. Selected candidates to be given the rank of Acting Mate (E), with relative rank, pay and messing allowance, as shown in the annexed Schedule, and in the case of candidates selected from Chief Engine Room Artificers and Engine Room Artificers a grant for uniform of £25.
  2. After such, instruction as may be considered necessary, and on passing a qualifying examination, Acting Mates (E) to be confirmed as Mates (E), and granted a Uniform Allowance of £50.
  3. Candidates who fail to qualify for confirmation after such further trial as may be considered advisable to be eligible for promotion to Artificer Engineer, irrespective of qualifying service, if not already holding that rank.
  4. After serving at sea for such period and fulfilling such conditions as may be prescribed, Mates (E) to be eligible for promotion to the rank of Engineer Lieutenant, and if so promoted to be granted a further gratuity of £50 for uniform and outfit, and be governed in all respects by the regulations in force for Engineer Lieutenants.

The Lords Commissioners of Your Majesty's Treasury have signified their concurrence in these proposals.

Schedule :

Pay, &c. of Mates (E).

  1. Relative rank ... Sub-Lieutenant.
  2. Pay ... 8s. a day. On promotion to Acting Mate.
  3. Messing Allowance ... 2s. a day. On promotion to Acting Mate.
  4. The number of Mates (E) not to exceed 50, and to be regarded as additional to the authorized establishment of Engineer Officers.
  5. Pension if in exceptional circumstances promotion to Engineer Lieutenant does not take place ... £60 a year.
  6. Extra Pay, Lodging, Provision and Subsistence Allowances, Widows' Pensions, and Compassionate Allowances to children. As for Chief Artificer Engineers.

1915 02 09
Acting Mates and Acting Mates (E) - Uniform Allowance
And whereas by Your Majesty's Orders in Council, dated the 19th day of July, 1912, and the 21st day of January, 1914, provision is made for the payment of a Uniform Allowance of £50 to Acting Mates and Acting Mates (E) respectively, on passing a qualifying examination, and being confirmed:

And whereas the existing state of hostilities has rendered it necessary to employ Acting Mates and Acting Mates (E) as Mate's and Mates (E) respectively without completing the usual course of training, and being confirmed in rank:

And whereas we are of opinion that in these circumstances the usual Uniform Allowance granted on confirmation should nevertheless be paid:

We beg leave humbly to recommend that Your Majesty may be graciously pleased, by Your Order in Council, to sanction the payment, during the period of hostilities, of the usual Uniform Allowance of £50 to Acting Mates and Acting Mates (E) employed in the performance of duty as Mates and Mates (E) respectively prior to confirmation.


1931 08 25
Mates & Mates (E) - Retitled
At the Court at Buckingham Palace, the 11th day of August, 1931.

Present, The King’s Most Excellent Majesty in Council.

Whereas there was this day read at the Board a Memorial from the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, dated the 7th day of August, 1931, (C.W. 2009/31), in the words following, viz. :-

Whereas by Section 3 of the Naval and Marine Pay and Pensions Act, 1865, it is enacted, inter alia, that all pay, pensions, or other allowances in the nature thereof payable in respect of services in Your Majesty's Naval or Marine Force to a person being or having been an Officer, Seaman, or Marine therein, shall be paid in such manner and subject to such restrictions, conditions and provisions as are from time to time directed by Order in Council:

And whereas by Your Majesty's Order in Council of the 19th July, 1912, the rank of Mate was instituted to enable Warrant Officers and Petty Officers to attain Commissioned rank at an age earlier than was possible under existing regulations

And whereas by Your Majesty's Order in Council of the 21st January, 1914, the rank of Mate (E) was instituted to enable Artificer Engineers, Chief Engine Room .Artificers, and Engine Room Artificers to attain Commissioned rank at an age earlier than was possible under existing regulations:

And whereas by Your Majesty's Order in Council of the 28th June, 1920, certain additions to and modifications in this system of promotion to Commissioned rank through the ranks of Mate and Mate (E) were approved:

And whereas we are of opinion that further revisions in this system are desirable in order that Commissioned Officers promoted thereunder may enjoy opportunities equal in all ways with those of Officers who enter Your Majesty's Navy as Cadets, and that they should cease to be designated Mate or Mate (E):

And whereas the revision in the system of promotion from the lower deck cannot be wholly introduced until 1933, and we are of opinion that Officers promoted under the system prior to the first day of January, 1933, should be treated for all purposes connected with their emoluments both on the Active and on the Retired List under present regulations

We beg leave humbly to recommend that Your Majesty may be graciously pleased by Your Order in Council to sanction the following proposals :

  1. The titles of Mate and Mate (E) to be abolished forthwith, existing Officers of those ranks being given the ranks of Sub-Lieutenant and Sub-Lieutenant (E), and candidates selected for promotion to Commissioned rank hereafter the ranks of Acting Sub-Lieutenant and Acting Sub-Lieutenant (E.) respectively.
  2. Existing Mates and Mates (E) and Officers promoted therefrom, as well as Officers promoted to the ranks of Acting Sub-Lieutenant and Sub-Lieutenant (E) before the 1st January, 1933, and Officers promoted therefrom, to be eligible for full pay, unemployed pay, half pay, retired pay, and additional retired pay for disability, under the regulations at present applicable to Mates and Mates (E) and Officers promoted therefrom.
  3. Officers promoted to Acting Sub-Lieutenant or Acting Sub-Lieutenant (E) after the 31st December, 1932, and Officers promoted therefrom to be eligible for full pay, unemployed pay, half pay, retired pay or gratuity on retirement, and additional retired pay for disability under the regulations applicable to Officers of corresponding rank promoted from Cadets.

The Lords Commissioners of Your Majesty's Treasury have signified their concurrence, where necessary, in these proposals.

His Majesty, having taken the said Memorial into consideration, was pleased, by and with the advice of His Privy Council, to approve of what is therein proposed.

And the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty are to give the necessary directions herein accordingly.
M. P. A. Hankey.


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