To qualify an Officer to receive a Commission as Master, he must have
been at Sea at least seven years, two of which in Her Majesty's Navy,
in the quality of Acting Master or Second Master; or, having served
seven years at Sea, shall have actually been one year or more Chief
Mate, and two years Master, or two years Chief Mate, and one year
Master of a Merchant Vessel. He shall produce Certificates of
diligence, sobriety, and good conduct from his Captains, also from
the Owners, for the time he served as Master, and from the Owners and
Master for the time he served as Mate; and shall pass such
Examination as the Admiralty may from time to time direct; but no
Candidate shall be examined before he shall have attained the Age of
twenty-one years, nor after the age of forty.
Time served as Master, shall, in future, be considered as time served as
Lieutenant, to qualify an Officer to receive a Commission as
Commander, under Her Majesty's Regulations, Art. 2, Sec. 4, Chap. 3,
in the event of any particularly distinguished conduct which in the
opinion of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty it may be proper
to reward by such advancement. A Master's Assistant (when such
rating shall be allowed by the Admiralty) may be so rated, on
receiving the sanction of the Admiralty, and on passing such
Examination as the Admiralty may direct.
He shall have been at sea either in Her Majesty's Navy three complete
years, or in the Merchant Service four years (one of which as Mate
or Inferior Mate); or for combined periods of two years in the Royal
Navy, and two in the Merchant Service; or one year in the Royal Navy,
and three in the Merchant Service, and shall be full 16 years of age.
He will be required to have a thorough knowledge of Practical
Observations of the Sun, Moon, and Stars, for ascertaining the
Latitude; to work double Altitudes; the Longitude by Chronometer; and
to keep a Ship's reckoning by the common Rules, usually denominated a
day's work. He will also be required to produce Certificates of
Servitude and Regularity of Conduct.
Candidates for the appointment of Acting Master's Assistant are to be strictly
and carefully examined in the presence of the Captain, or Commander,
by a Master and Naval Instructor, and, when there shall not be an
Officer of the latter Class, by two Masters, touching their abilities
in Seamanship, Navigation, &c. The Certificates of Qualifications
are to be signed by the Captain, or Commander, as well as by the
examining Officers; and all Candidates who shall be found qualified,
agreeably to the before-mentioned provisions, will be considered
eligible to be appointed by their Lordships as Acting Masters'
Assistants in Her Majesty's Navy accordingly.
Such Masters as shall not have served afloat as Masters in the Royal Navy
six complete years, and are not already in the receipt of higher half
pay, shall not be entitled to any increase of pay beyond Five
shillings a day, except in cases where it shall appear to the Lords
Commissioners of the Admiralty, that inability to serve the
prescribed term of six years shall have been caused by wounds or ill
health, arising from the service.
Examination of Masters.
The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty having been pleased to signify
their desire, that the Reports made by this Board should state,
whether the qualifications of Candidates for appointments, as Masters
and Second Masters in the Royal Navy, be such as would obtain a
First, Second, or Third Class Certificate in the Merchant Marine, it
is hereby notified, that the necessary examination for this purpose
will embrace the following subjects, viz.:—
1st. As respects the lowest, or Third Class, Their
ability to correct the courses steered by Compass for variation,
Leeway, &c—to work what is termed a day's work—to
prick off a Vessel's place on a chart, either by the calculated
latitude and longitude, or by the Bearings of the land by Compass.
They must show that they understand the use of the Quadrant or
Sextant, and can observe the Sun's meridian altitude, and there from
determine the latitude; and are able to work the Tides by the age of
the Moon, from the known time of high water at the full and change.
2nd. As respects the Second Class, Candidates must, in addition to all the foregoing qualifications, be able to
ascertain the latitude by double altitudes of the Sun, and by
meridian altitudes of the Moon, or of those bright Planets or Stare,
the places of which are given in the Nautical Almanac. They must
understand the care and management of Chronometers, and the mode of
working out and ascertaining the longitude there from; and they must
be able to ascertain the variation of the Compass, by the azimuth of
the Sun, as well as by the amplitude.
As respects the First Class, Candidates
will, in addition to all the foregoing qualifications, undergo a more
strict examination as to their proficiency in Navigation. They must
have a competent acquaintance with Plane Trigonometry, a general
knowledge of Nautical Astronomy, including the determination of the
latitude by reduction to the meridian, and of the longitude by lunar
observations. They must be acquainted with the mode of ascertaining
and applying the deviation of the Compass produced by the local
attraction, which is of so much importance in all vessels, and
particularly in those built of iron, or having iron on board in any
quantity. They must be practically acquainted with the mode of
comparing two or more Chronometers, and of rating them by equal
altitudes. They must understand the construction of Mercator Charts,
so as to be able to correct any errors they may detect in those they
possess, as well as to insert with precision any new Shoals or
Islands they may discover; and must be well versed in the mode of
laying down the required course on the Chart.
In the event of any Candidate proving himself to have higher attainments than the foregoing, such as being well versed in Great Circle Sailing, Spherical Trigonometry, Marine Surveying, and a more extensive knowledge of Astronomy, it is to be
noted in his Certificate, and is to entitle him to have "Class 1, extra" thereon.
The figures prefixed to officers' names signify the rates for which they
are qualified. Those qualified for Sloops only, are without figures.
Officers passing for higher rates are requested to inform the Editor
thereof. Those with an Asterisk against the name are unfit for active
The letter F denotes that the officer has passed for a frigate, and L. B. S. for a line-of-battle ship, under the new order.
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