The Cæsar had three seamen and marines killed, and 19 wounded; the Queen, her master (William Mitchell) and 21 petty-officers, seamen, and marines or soldiers * killed, and her captain, who lost his leg at the same instant that the master fell, sixth lieutenant, (Robert Lawrie), and 25 petty-officers, seamen and marines or soldiers wounded; the Royal-George, including her eighth lieutenant, George Heighman, and one midshipman, 15 killed, and 23 wounded ; the Invincible, 10 killed, and 21 wounded, including one midshipman, William Whithurst ; the Royal-Sovereign, eight killed, and 22 wounded ; the Orlon and Ramillies, three killed each; and the Defence, Majestic, and Queen-Charlotte, each one killed, the latter her sixth lieutenant, Roger A. Rawlinson. The Defence and Majestic had also, one three and the other thirteen wounded: making a total loss to the British fleet, of 67 killed, and 128 wounded.
Such were the exertions onboard the Queen, that, before dark, a maintopsail yard was got up for a fore yard, a fore topgallantmast for a mizen topmast, a foretopgallant yard for a mizentopsail yard; new sails were also bent fore and aft, and the ship was again reported ready for service.
That several of the French ships were damaged in their masts, yards, and rigging, was evident to the British fleet ; but what particular ships, exclusive of the Indomptable and Tyrannicide, had so suffered, cannot at this late day be ascertained.
From the moment that he gained sight of the British fleet on the morning of the 28th, until he wore on the afternoon of the 29th, the French admiral possessed the weathergage of his opponent. M. Villaret, therefore, had it at his option to bring on a general action. His declining to do so may raise an inference, that he considered himself to be inferior, in point of force. To ascertain in what relation as to strength the two parties really stood on the morning of the first skirmish, shall therefore be our next inquiry; and, as this is the first instance of a meeting between two hostile fleets, we shall be obliged, in describing the force on each side, to enter more into minutiæ than is likely to be necessary on any future occasion.
With one or two exceptions, the British ships mounted precisely the same number and nature of long guns, as are assigned to their several classes in the abstract for the year 1793. The first exception is the Royal-Sovereign ; that ship having received on board two 24-pounders for her entrance-ports on the second deck, in lieu of two 12-pounders taken from her forecastle. The next exception is the Gibraltar, formerly a Spanish 80-gun ship ; her first-deck ports, being found too small to receive 32-pounders,
* Detachments of the. Queen's and 29th regiments were serving on board the British fleet as marines, and soldiers appear to have served in a similar manner on board the French fleet.
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