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Naval history of Great Britain
by
William James
1805Battle of Trafalgar 92 

the San-Juan-Nepomuceno, being less disabled, had not been in such imminent danger, and was already safe in the offing.

On the 30th, in the afternoon, Vice-admiral Collingwood was joined by Rear-admiral Louis, with the 80-gun ship Canopus Captain Francis William Austin, 98-gun ship Queen, Captain Francis Pender, and 74-gun ships Spencer, Captain the Honourable Robert Stopford, and Tigre, Captain Benjamin Hallowell ; which squadron, as already stated, had been detached to Gibraltar for water, and to escort a convoy up the Mediterranean. * While reconnoitring Cadiz, just before the squadron joined, the Queen had a slight brush with the batteries and with Argonaute, who, with only her foremast standing, lay at anchor at the entrance of the bay. On the 31st, in the morning, Vice-admiral Collingwood shifted his flag from the Euryalus to Queen.

To sum up the result of the Battle of Trafalgar, the French, out of 18 sail of the line, preserved only nine, and the Spaniards, out of 15 sail of the line, lost all except six. Of the 19 French and Spanish ships, including the Rayo, which the British captured, one, the Achille, was accidentally burnt, and 14 were recaptured, wrecked, foundered, or destroyed ; leaving but four ships, one French and three Spanish 74s, as trophies in the hands of the conquerors. The following recapitulatory table may here be usefully introduced

  French. Spanish. Total
Gun-ships. Gun-ships.
80 74 130 112 100 80 74 64
No. No. No. No. No. No. No. No. No.
Combined Fleet On the day of battle. present 4 14 1 2 1 2 8 1 33
captured 1 8 1 1   2 5   18
escaped 3 6   1 1   3 1 15
Recaptured on the 23d 1 1   1   1     4
  4 7   2 1 1 3 1 19
Wrecked and captured on the 24th 2       1   1   4
  2 7   2   1 2 1 15
Remaining to France and Spain at sea 1 3             4
in Cadiz 1 4   2   1 2 1 11
British Prizes Accidentally burnt   1             1
Recaptured on the 23d 1 1   1   1     4
Wrecked or foundered   4     1   1   6
Destroyed   1 1     1 1   4
Sent to Gibraltar   1         3   4
Total captured on 21st and 24th 1 8 1 1 1 2 5   19

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