|Naval history of Great Britain
with offers to capitulate, the British troops, as agreed upon, took possession of Fort Knocke. On the following morning, the 10th, articles of capitulation were signed, in due form, by Lieutenant-colonel Van-Prophalow on the part of the Dutch, and by the general and commodore on the part of the British ; and on the 12th the latter took possession of Capetown and its dependencies, on the several batteries of which were mounted 113 pieces of brass, and 343 pieces of iron ordnance. General Janssens, who after the battle of the 8th had retired to Hottentot Holland's Kloof, a pass leading to the district of Zwellendam, was at length induced to surrender upon terms, by which the conquest of the colony was completed, and its internal tranquillity secured ; the British agreeing that the Dutch general and his army should not be considered as prisoners of war, and should be conveyed to Holland at the former's expense.
As is customary in combined operations of the army and navy, a detachment of seamen and marines, under the appropriate designation of marine battalion, served on shore. The hardy seamen rendered themselves particularly useful in forwarding the supplies, and would have been still more so had the battering train accompanied the troops. The whole force thus employed was commanded by Captain Byng ; who had under him Captain George Nicholas Hardinge, a passenger on board the Belliqueux, on his way to join his ship, the new teak-built 36-gun frigate Salsette, and Lieutenants " Pigot, Graham, Sutherland, Mingay, and Pearce. " * Among those who rendered themselves extremely useful in the operations going on, were the following captains of the honourable company's ships : William Edmeades, of the William-Pitt, John Cameron, of the Duchess-of-Gordon, Henry Christopher, of the Sir-William-Pulteney, and James Moring, of the Comet.
On the 4th of March the French 40-gun frigate Volontaire, Captain Bretel, whom we have already mentioned as one of the squadron of Rear-admiral Willaumez, on its way to the Cape, † deceived by the Dutch colours on the forts and shipping, entered Table bay, and was captured by the British squadron, to the great joy of the 217 men of the Queen's and 54th regiments, whom the frigate had on board as prisoners. The Volontaire, a fine frigate of 1084 tons, was immediately added to the British navy by the same name.
Having, between the 9th and 13th of April, been informed by, among others, the master of an American merchant vessel, that the inhabitants of Monte-Video and Buenos-Ayres were " so ridden by their government, " that they would offer no resistance to a British army, Commodore Sir Home Popham took upon
* When to the omission of the Christian names, is added that of the ship to which the officer belongs, it is next to impossible to supply the deficiency
† See p. 186,
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