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1813 Eurotas and Clorinde 275

British ship, of 44 guns, 18-pounders, and La Clorinde, of the same force.

Taking the two serious objections in the order in which they are stated, we shall begin with the quality of the guns. As far as a trial before the action could speak for the Congreve 24-pounders, we have already shown, that Captain Phillimore himself, Commodore Malcolm, and several experienced post-captains, were " delighted with them." Now for their behaviour in the action. The moment we learnt that Captain Phillimore had a complaint to allege against the guns, for some ill quality or deficiency that discovered itself in the action between the Eurotas and Clorinde, we turned again to the official letter. Finding no complaint there, we once more looked into the ship's log ; knowing that, there at least, a minute of the circumstance ought to have been noted down. Not a word could we discover on the subject. We then took the pains to ascertain, if any official report, complaining of the guns, had reached the navy board. Except an application, made in March, to have the breeching-bolts of the carronades, and the cat-heads, of the Eurotas made different from those of any other ship in the service, and a refusal of both requests, we could find no correspondence between Captain Phillimore and the commissioners of the navy.

Pursuing our inquiries, we at last discovered that, on the 15th of March, 1814, an examination took place of the officers of the Eurotas on the very subject on which we desired information ; and the following (all we have been able to procure) is a transcript of what purports to be the testimony of the second lieutenant of the Eurotas, Richard Wilcox Graves: " That, when the said guns were tried at Sheerness against the common 24-pounder long gun, they seemed to carry the shot, both double and single, as far as the latter ; that they bounded a little more than the long gun, but not dangerously so ; that they can be worked with two men less than the common long gun, are easier to train, and embrace a larger range or circle ; that, in the action, one bolt only was drawn on the main deck, and one seizing broken, the latter of which might have been badly made ; that, upon the main deck, two shot were fired from each gun in the first three rounds, and one round and one grape during the remainder of the action ; that the quantity of gunpowder was 8 lb., which was considered 2 lb. too much, no difference of range being perceived when the guns were fired with only 6 lb.; that there is only one gun on board the Eurotas, similar to those on board the Cydnus, upon Lieutenant-general Blomefield's principle, on account of there not being a complete set at Woolwich when the Eurotas was fitted out. "

* Brenton, vol. v., p. 139.

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