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1815 Light Squadrons and Single Ships 360

the killed the brave commander-in-chief. The full details of the action have already appeared in a work devoted exclusively to the subject of the military operations of the late American war ; and to that, on account more particularly of the quantity of naval matter yet to be included in this volume, we must beg to refer the reader. *

Early in the month of December Rear-admiral Cockburn, in the Albion, from Bermuda, bringing with him the Orlando frigate and some smaller vessels, arrived in the Chesapeake, but merely to carry away the colonial marines; with whom, on the 14th, the rear-admiral steered towards Amelia Island, in East Florida ; having left orders for Captain Barrie to follow, with the Dragon, Hebrus, and Regulus. Captain Barrie accordingly departed soon afterwards, leaving a few frigates and sloops in the Chesapeake ; and on the 10th of January, arrived off Cumberland island, the southernmost of the chain along the coast of Georgia, and separated by Cumberland sound from Amelia island.

Rear-admiral Cockburn not having yet arrived, Captain Philip Somerville of the 38-gun frigate Rota, as the senior officer, determined upon employing the two companies of the 2d West India regiment, and the detachments of royal marines which had recently arrived on that coast, in a combined attack upon the frontier-town of the state of Georgia, St.-Mary's, situated a few miles up the river of that name, dividing the United States from East Florida. On the 13th an attack, with about 700 troops, marines, and seamen, under the command of Captain Barrie, was made on the fort, or key to the entrance of the river, at Point Petre. This fort mounted two 24, two 18, one 9, and two brass 6, pounders ; from which, however, scarcely a single discharge was made, ere the garrison abandoned the post, and fled to the woods in the rear. On the 14th, the combined forces, accompanied by the bomb-vessels Devastation and Terror, Captains Thomas Alexander and John Sheridan, ascended the river to St.-Mary's. Contrary to expectation, here, also, no resistance was made ; and the town, the shipping in the harbour, and the merchandise in the stores, were taken quiet possession of. Soon afterwards an expedition of boats went a considerable distance further up the river, and brought down the Countess-of-Harcourt Indiaman, which had been captured and carried in there by a Charlestown privateer ; also a beautiful gun-boat, named the Scorpion, a present from the town of St.-Mary's to the United States.

On the 15th of January Rear-admiral Cockburn, who had been blown off the coast by strong north-west gales, arrived and took the command ; and on the 22d, after removing the guns, and destroying the fort and barracks, at Point Petre, the British

* James's Military Occurrences, vol. ii., p. 355.

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