Circular, No. 3.-C.

(Circular of 3rd August, 1869, No. 46, revised.)

Admiralty, 6th January, 1870.

    The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty having decided:
  1. To increase the time during which naval cadets will be under training, part of such time being, spent in sea going ships, and the whole period being considered one of probation;
  2. To introduce the system of limited competition for naval cadetships; and
  3. Still further to reduce the number of naval cadets annually entered;

have been pleased to make the following regulations:

1. Two examinations for naval cadetships will be held annually under the direction of the Admiralty Director of Education viz., on the third Wednesday in June, and on the last Wednesday in November, but the appointments, as cadets, as successful candidates will date from the 15th July or the 15th January

2. No candidate will be eligible for examination in November whose age will not be within the prescribed limits on the 15th January following, or for examination in June whose age will not be within the prescribed limits on the 15th of July following.

3. The limits of age for examination in June, 1870 will be not less than 12 nor more than 13 and a-half years of age.

After June 1870 no candidate is to be examined who is under 12 or above 13 years of age.

4. The number of naval cadets to be entered at each examination will for the present be reduced to 37; and twice the number for entry will be nominated to compete. Not more than half the numbers actually examined by the Director of Education will be entered.

Should fewer than the authorized number pass at any examination the difference will be made up at the next examination and the number nominated will be proportionately increased.

5. Every candidate will be required to pass the medical examination according to the prescribed regulations, under the direction of the Medical Director-General of the Navy at Somerset House and must have been found physically fit for the Royal Navy before going up for the Educational Examination.

He must be in good health and free from any physical defect of body, impediment of speech, defect of sight or hearing, and also from any predisposition to constitutional or hereditary disease or weakness of any kind, and in all respects well developed and active in portion to his age

Any candidate rejected at the medical examination will be finally excluded from the Royal Navy.

6. The candidate will be required to produce (1) a registrar's certificate* of birth or declaration thereof made before a magistrate; (2) a certificate of good conduct from the masters of any schools at which be may have been educated within the two previous years, or, if educated at home, from his tutors or the clergyman off the parish in which he resides; and (3) a certificate of good health.

7. The candidates will be required:

  Marks assigned.
(a.) To read a passage from a modern standard English author with intelligence 50
(b.) To writs English from dictation correctly in a legible hand 100
(c.) To read, translate, and parse a pass from French 100

N.B.-The aid of a dictionary will be allowed in this translation.

They will also be required to have a satisfactory knowledge of:

(d.) Arithmetic as far as proportion and vulgar and decimal fractions 150
(e.) Scripture history 100

No candidate will be qualified to compete unless he obtains at least four-tenths of the marks assigned to each of these subjects, and 250 marks in the aggregate.

8. Candidates so qualified will be further examined in any three of the following subjects they may select, or four, if Drawing be one:

    Marks assigned
(f.) Elementary Mathematics, viz.:
Arithmetic. Miscellaneous examples
Algebra. As far as easy simple equations of one unknown quantity, and easy fractions.
Euclid. Book I. to Prop. XXXII. inclusive.
(g.) French. More advanced, including Translation of English into French. 100
(h.) Latin. To read, translate, and parse a passage from the first two books of Caesar de Bello Gallico, or Virgil's Aeneid, and to translate easy passages from English into Latin. 200
(i.) English History. From the commencement of James I, to the present day. 100
(k.) The outlines of modern geography 100
(l.) To read, translate, and parse a passage from German, Italian or Spanish, and to render an English passage into that language. 100
(m.) Elementary drawing, freehand, and from models. 100

* A Certificate of Baptism will not be accepted.

No marks amounting to less than one-sixth in a voluntary subject will he counted towards the total.

9. A candidate who obtains the number of marks prescribed for passing, but who may not be successful in the competition will be allowed to compete once again at the next examination without undergoing a fresh medical examination, although he may then be over-age; but no candidate will be allowed to compete more than twice.

10. Any candidate who fails to appear at the next examination after he bas obtained a nomination will not be allowed to present himself without afresh nomination, except in the case of illness, certified by n physician or surgeon, approved by their Lordships, in which latter case a non-appearance will have the effect of unsuccessful competition, entitling the candidate to present himself at the following examination only.

11. Every flag officer (except an admiral superintendent of a dockyard), on hoisting his flag will be allowed 8 competitive nominations.
Every commodore of the first class 2 competitive nominations.
Every captain appointed to the command of a ship of whatever class (except captains of stationary ships captains superintendent of dockyards, or victualling yards, and the captain of the yacht) 1 competitive nomination.

but no officer will be allowed to exercise this right a second time within three years; and no captain appointed to a ship during her commission will be allowed a nomination if the right has been exercised within a year during the same commission by a previous captain.

Officers having nominations must exercise their privilege before the 15th April far the June examination, and before the 1st October for the November examinations. If they fail to nominate for the first examination after their appointment they will only be allowed to nominate for the following examination

If a candidate, nominated for the first examination at which an officer can exercise his privilege, fails to pass the test at the medical examination, the officer will allowed a fresh nomination for the following examination, but in no other case. No Fresh nominations will be allowed where the candidate fails to pass the test at the examination under the Director of Education.

12. Seven nominations will be given annually to the colonies, under the regulations hitherto in force as to nomination and examination; but the limits of age will be from 12 to 13 if examined before the 15th October, 1870, and from 12 to 13 if examined after that date.

Cadets passing in the colonies will, in all other respects, be subject to the regulations, and must be at once sent to England to undergo the course of training.

Printed examination papers will he sent out to Commanders-in-Chief and Senior Officers on foreign stations, under seal, and the candidates' examination Papers, with a report of the marks awarded at the examination, are to be forwarded to the Admiralty (should the candidate succeed in passing), together will, together with the duplicate certificate of health.

13. For all cadets, including colonial cadets, entered under these regulations after the examination in August 1869, the annual rate of payment will be, as at present (40 a-year), during the year 1870, and afterwards at the rate of 70. per annum for the period in the "Britannia;" and 50 for the year in the sea-going training ship, to be paid half-yearly, in advance, to the Accountant General of the Navy. But the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty reserve the power of selecting from among the candidates nominated at each half yearly examination, a number, not to exceed 12, being sons of Officers of the Royal Navy or Marines, or of civil officers under the Board of Admiralty, with respect to whom the annual payment for the two years in the "Britannia" will be 40. only. In selecting these their Lordships, will have regard solely to the pecuniary circumstances of the parents or guardians of the cadets.

In the event of the full number so selected not succeeding in the competition, their Lordships will, if they think proper, make the number up from among the sons of officers as above who have succeeded at that examination.

14. Candidates who succeed in the competition will be appointed to the "Britannia"

15. The date of entry of those who pass in June is to reckon from the 15th July of the same year; of those who pass in November from the 15th January of the next year.

16. The period of training on board the "Britannia" will be, as now, four terms; but there will be two terms in each year, instead of three. The first term of each year will be from February to July, the second from August to December.

The vacations will be 6 weeks at Midsummer, 6 weeks at Christmas, and a week at Easter.

17. There will be an examination at the end of each term and an intermediate examination at Easter for cadets in their first year.

18. Cadets who join in August and who pass an unsatisfactory examination in December will be warned that they will be discharged at the following Easter if they do not show sufficient improvement. Cadets who join in February and pass an unsatisfactory examination at Easter will be similarly warned with respect to the examination in July.

Any cadet who passes unsatisfactorily at a subsequent examination will be discharged.

19. Notice will be given of the of the minimum number of marks which must be obtained at each examination.

20. At the examination at the end of the fourth term cadets will be classified according to their merits in study and conduct; and they will be allowed time for their service in the "Britannia" as follows:

  Study. "Very good" Conduct
  Time allowed Time allowed
  Months Months
1st Class 9 3
2nd Class 6 3
3rd Class None 3

21. The examination and rating of cadets, as midshipmen, in the sea-going training ship, is to be regulated according to the time notified in their certificates, thus:

  • Cadets who obtain 12 months' time will be rated as midshipmen at once on passing out of the "Britannia "

  • Cadets who obtain 9 months' time will have to serve 3 months.

  • Cadets who obtain 6 months' time will have to serve 6 months.

  • Cadets who obtain 3 months' time will have to serve 9 months.

  • Cadets who obtain 0 months' time will have to serve 12 months.

in the sea-going training ships before being rated midshipmen.

22. After passing the final examination in the "Britannia" the midshipmen and cadets will be appointed to a sea-going training ship for one year.

23. Any cadet or midshipman who, at any time during his three years' probation, may be certified by the medical officer, of the "Britannia" or of the sea-going training ship, to have become subject to any disease or physical defect likely to render him unfit for service will, on the circumstances being reported to their Lordships, be at once discharged.

24. After six months in the sea-going training chip an examination is to be held, and at the end of twelve months a second; and any midshipman or cadet failing to pass the test at either of these examinations will be at once discharged from Her Majesty's Service.

At the latter of these examinations they will be classified in three classes, both for seamanship and study.

25. The examination paper for the first examination will be transmitted under seal to the sea-going training ship; and the work of the cadets or midshipmen is to be returned under seal to the Admiralty.

26. Full time will be allowed to every midshipman or cadet for his period of service in the sea-going training ship; but additional time will be allowed to every midshipman or cadet whose conduct has been uniformly good as under:



1st Class Seamanship 3
1st Class Study 3

In the case of those who having gained 12 months in the "Britannia" gain also 6 months' time in the sea-going training ship, the rule as regards the age (19) of passing for lieutenant will be relaxed, and they will be allowed to pass at 18, provided they have completed the necessary service, but they will not be eligible for promotion from the rank of sub-lieutenant to that of lieutenant till they are 19 year of age.

27. The period of service required to enable officers to pass for lieutenant will be five years, including the time allowed in the training ships, but this rule will only apply to officer, who entered the Service under these Regulation.

28. The parent or guardian of every cadet will be required to provide outfit as under the present regulations and to sign a declaration (on the admission of the cadet to the "Britannia") to the effect that he shall be immediately withdrawn on the receipt of an official intimation his being considered unfit for the Royal Navy.

29. Cadets who entered the "Britannia" in December 1868 or April 1869 will pass out in July 1870 and who entered in August 1869, will pass out in December 1870. Three months' extra time will be allowed to cadets who entered in December 1868.

Cadets for Navigating Duties.

30. Navigating cadets will be nominated solely by their Lordships - and in every respect with the following exceptions, they will be subject to the above regulations:

Twenty four are to be entered annually by competition - 12 at each half-yearly examination; 24 nominations are to be made for each examination.

The annual payment for navigating cadets will be (40) for both the home and the sea-going training ships. Those who do not obtain the rating of Navigating Midshipman on passing out of the "Britannia" will be allowed an intermediate rate of pay of 2s. 3d. a-day (41 1s. 3d. a-year) until they obtain that rating.

By Command of their Lordships,

Vernon Lushington

To the Commanders-in-Chief &c.

Source: Navy List for June 1870

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