Index
 
New Scale of Pay and Provisions &c. - 1850


1 Oct 1850

By the Commissioners for executing the Office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, &c.

Her Majesty having been graciously pleased, with the view of improving the condition of the Petty Officers, Seamen, and Marines, of the Fleet, to direct that the following alterations should be made in the Scale of Victualling and Pay of the Royal Navy, viz.:-

1st. The Allowance of Salt Meat to be increased from three-quarters of a pound to a pound, per man per day.

2nd The allowance of Sugar to be likewise increased; and Mustard and Pepper to be substituted as a certain portion of Oatmeal and Vinegar.

3rd. The allowance of Spirits to be reduced, and a compensation in money to be granted for such reduction, a shown in the annexed Scale.

4th. The Pay of the Navy to be recast at a daily Rate, and the compensation above-mentioned to be blended with and form a part of the Pay.

5th The Calendar to be substituted for the Lunar Month in the payment of Wages.

You are hereby required and directed to cause the said new Scale of Victualling and Pay, together with the Regulations attached thereto, to be promulgated and carried into effect, accordingly, on board Her Majesty's Ships under your commend, on and after the 1st of January next.

In the event of any of the Ships of your Squadron being on a distant part of the Station, and unable therefore to commence the new Scale of Pay and Provisions on the 1st of January next, the same is to be postponed till the 1st of April following.

The necessary supply of the new Rate Books will be forwarded to you by the Storekeeper-General.

Given under our hands, this 1st day of October, 1850,

F. T. Baring, M. F. F. Berkeley, A. Milne, J. W. D. Dundas, H. Stewart, W. Cowper.

By Command of their Lordships,

J. Parker

To all Commanders-in-Chief, Captains, Commanders, and Commanding Officers of Her Majesty’s Ships and Vessels.

Table showing the allowance of Grog and Compensation Money :

  Rank Allowance of Grog Compensation Allowance  
1st Admirals, Captains, Lieutenants and Wardroom Officers Half present allowance Nil -
2nd Mates, Assistant Surgeons, Second Masters, and Clerks Half present allowance Savings’ Price for Half Allowance Blended with Pay
3rd Midshipmen, Masters Assistant, Clerks Assistant, and Boys of 1st Class As above at the discretion of the Captain As above Blended with Pay
4th Cadets and Boys 2nd Class Nil Savings’ Price for Whole. Blended with Pay
5th Assistant Engineers, Warrant Officers, Petty Officers, Able Seamen, and others of that class, Ordinary Seamen, Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates of the Royal Marines Half present allowance 3s. 6d. per man per calendar month Blended with Pay
6th Second Class Ordinary Seamen, Landsmen, and others of that class Half present allowance 2s. 6d. per man per calendar month Blended with Pay

A Scheme of Victualling for the Navy

(Sanctioned by Her Majesty’s Order in Council of the 24th September 1850.)

There shall be allowed to every person serving in Her Majesty’s Navy, the following daily quantities of Provisions, viz.:-

Biscuits 1 lb. Sugar 1¾ oz.
Spirits ½ gill Chocolate 1 oz.
Fresh Meat 1 lb. Tea ¼ oz.
Vegetables ½ lb.    

When fresh meat and vegetables cannot be issued there shall be allowed in lieu thereof :-

  Salt Port 1 lb. Every alternate day
  Peas ½ pint
Or, Salt Beef 1 lb. Alternately on the days when salt pork and peas are not issued
  Flour ¾ lb.
Or, Preserved Meat ¾ lb.
  Preserved potato, or  
  Rice (or ½ of each)  

And weekly, whether fresh, or salt, or preserved meat be issued :-

Oatmeal ¼ pint
Mustard ½ oz.
Pepper ¼ oz.

There shall also be allowed weekly, vinegar not exceeding ¼ pint per man, for occasional use only, when actually required, but not to be expended unnecessarily, nor considered as subject to be paid for when not used.

Suet and raisins, or suet and currants, shall be substituted for ¼ part of the before-mentioned proportion of flour, ½ of the said fourth part in suet, and the other half in raisins or currants, at the following rates, viz.:-

½ lb. Of suet or Is to be considered equal to 1 lb. Of flour.
1 lb. of raisons, or
½ lb. Of currants

In case it should be found necessary to issue substitutes for any of the foregoing species of provisions :-

1¼ lb. Of soft bread, or Is to be considered equal to 1 lb. Of biscuit.
1 lb. Of rice or flour, or
1 lb. Of flour
½ pint Of wine, or Is to be considered equal to ½ gill of spirits.
1 qrt. Of strong beer, or
½ gallon Of small beer
1 oz. Of coffee

Are considered to be equal to each other

1 oz. Of Cocoa
1 oz. Of Chocolate
¼ oz. Of Tea
1 lb. Of Sago

Are considered to be equal to each other

1 lb. Of Scotch barley
1 lb. Of Pearl barley
1 lb. Of rice
1 lb. Of rice, or

Is to be considered equal to 1 pint of peas

1 pint Of Calavances, or
1 pint Of Dholl, or
½ pint Of split peas
1 lb. Of rice Is to be considered equal to 1 quart of oatmeal
¼ lb. Of Onions, or

Is to be considered equal to 1 lb. Of other vegetables.

¼ lb. Of Leaks

The following scheme shows the proportion of provisions for each man for 28 days, when not on fresh meat victualling:

Days of the week Biscuit Spirits Salt Beef Salt Pork Pres- erved Meat Pres- erved Potato or Rice Flour &c. Peas Sugar Choco- late Tea Oat- meal Mus-tard Pepper Vinegar
  lbs. Gills lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. pints oz. oz. oz. pints oz. oz. pints
Sun 1 ½ 1 - - - ¾ - 1 ¼ ¼ ½ ¼ ¼ pint weekly as expl- ained before
Mon 1 ½ - 1 - - - ½ 1 ¼
Tues 1 ½ - - ¾ ¼ - - 1 ¼
Wed 1 ½ - 1 - - - ½ 1 ¼
Thurs 1 ½ 1 - - - ¾ - 1 ¼
Fri 1 ½ - 1 . - - ½ 1 ¼
Sat 1 ½ - - ¾ ¼ - - 1 ¼
Sun 1 ½ - 1 - - - ½ 1 ¼ ¼ ½ ¼
Mon 1 ½ 1 - - - ¾ - 1 ¼
Tues 1 ½ - 1 . - - ½ 1 ¼
Wed 1 ½ - - ¾ ¼ - - 1 ¼
Thurs 1 ½ - 1 - - - ½ 1 ¼
Fri 1 ½ 1 - - - ¾ - 1 ¼
Sat 1 ½ - 1 . - - ½ 1 ¼
Sun 1 ½ - - ¾ ¼ - - 1 ¼ ¼ ½ ¼
Mon 1 ½ - 1 - - - ½ 1 ¼
Tues 1 ½ 1 - - - ¾ - 1 ¼
Wed 1 ½ - 1 . - - ½ 1 ¼
Thurs 1 ½ - - ¾ ¼ - - 1 ¼
Fri 1 ½ - 1 - - - ½ 1 ¼
Sat 1 ½ 1 - - - ¾ - 1 ¼
Sun 1 ½ - 1 . - - ½ 1 ¼ ¼ ½ ¼
Mon 1 ½ - - ¾ ¼ - - 1 ¼
Tues 1 ½ - 1 - - - ½ 1 ¼
Wed 1 ½ 1 - - - ¾ - 1 ¼
Thurs 1 ½ - 1 . - - ½ 1 ¼
Fri 1 ½ - - ¾ ¼ - - 1 ¼
Sat 1 ½ - 1 - - - ½ 1 ¼
Prop-ortion for 28 days 28 14 7 14 7 49 28 7 1 2 1  

Regulations relating to the issue of the Allowance of Grog and Provisions

  1. The allowance of grog is to be served out at dinner time only, the evening serving being discontinued ; and all sale, loan, barter, or transfer of grog, is strictly prohibited.
  2. No raw spirits are to be issued to any one, unless by the special directions of the Captain.
  3. In case of persisting drunkenness, the Captains or Commanding Officers of Her Majesty’s ships, are authorised to charge against pay of the person so offending, a sum not exceeding the amount of compensation money shown in the preceding table ; such mulct, or abatement, to be charged against the party on the ship’s books, and to be reported in the quarterly returns of punishment.
  4. No grog is to be allowed to Naval Cadets, or Boys of the 2nd Class.
  5. The allowance of grog to Midshipmen, Master’s Assistants, Clerk’s Assistants, and boys of the 1st Class, is to be issued only by the special written directions of the Captain, and when not issued is to be paid for as savings.
  6. If any man should not wish to take up his allowance of grog, he will be paid the savings price for it ; or he may, if he prefer it, be allowed to take up, in lieu, ¼ oz. Of tea, and an 1 oz. Of sugar, in addition to the established allowance of these articles.
  7. The saving price on tea is to be in future 1s. a pound, and that on sugar 3d. a pound.
  8. In cases where salt meat shall have lost more than half its weight in boiling the Captain, or Commanding Officer, is, on satisfying himself of the correctness of the fact, to authorize the Paymaster to issue an additional portion of raw salt meat, equal to half the original allowance.
  9. The fat or skimmings of the coppers, which may not be required for the use by the ship, is to be saved, and put into casks, and to be delivered into the charge of the Paymaster of the ship, who is to return it into store at any of her Majesty's depots ; but in the event of his not being able to comply with this regulation, he is to obtain a written order from his Captain to dispose of the same at the most favourable prices for the Government, taking credit for the same in his account, and debiting himself with the proceeds of sale.
  10. On the delivery of the above fat or skimmings into the charge of the Paymaster, he is to apply to the Captain for authority to pay to the Cook of the ship, one half of the value of the fat (out of which sum one fourth is to be divided among the Cook's Mates, the remaining three-fourths to belong to the Cook) ; the other half is to be appropriated to the use and for the benefit of the Ship's Company, in the manner which may be deemed most advisable by the Captain.
  11. The savings price of the fat for carrying out the above arrangement is to be 1/- per cwt.

A Schedule of Victualling for Troops when Embarked.

(Sanctioned by Her Majesty's Order in Council of the 24th Sept., 1850.)

Species Measurement Crew Officers and Soldiers Women Children under 10 Yrs. of age
Bread .lb 1 1 ½ ¼
Spirits Gill ½ ½ - -
Chocolate oz. 1 2/3 1 ½
Sugar oz. 1 7/8
Fresh meat .lb 1 2/3 ½ ¼
Vegetables .lb ½ 1/3 ¼ 1/8
Tea oz. ¼ 1/6 ¼ 1/8

But when fresh meat and vegetables are not issued, there shall be issued in lieu thereof, viz.:-

  Species Measurement Crew Officers and Soldiers Women Children under 10 Yrs. of age
Every alternate day Salt pork .lb 1 ¾ ½ ¼
Peas Pint ½ 1/3 ¼ 1/8

Or Alternately on the day when salt pork and peas are not issued

Salt beef .lb 1 ¾ ½ ¼
Flour .lb ¾ ½ 3/8 3/16
Or          
Preserved meat .lb ¾ ½ 3/8 3/16
Preserved potato or Rice (or ½ of each) oz. 4 2 and 2/3 2 1

And weekly, whether fresh, or salt, or preserved meat be issued:-

Species Measurement Crew Officers and Soldiers Women Children under 10 Yrs. of age
Oatmeal pint ¼ 1/6 1/8 1/16
Vinegar pint ¼ 1/6 1/8 1/16
Mustard oz. ½ 1/3 ¼ 1/8
Pepper oz. ¼ 1/6 1/8 1/16

N.B. The oatmeal and vinegar are intended only for occasional use.

Suet and raisins, or suet and currants, shall be substituted for a ¼ part of the proportion of flour ; ½ of the said fourth part in suet, and the other half in raisins or currants at the following rates, viz.:- ½ lb. suet, or 1 lb. of raisins, or ½ lb. of currants, to be considered to be equal to 1 lb. of flour.

Table of Pay for Petty Officers, Seamen, and Boys, including Compensation for the Reduction in Spirits.

Ratings Years 31 Days
  £ s. d. £ s. d.
Admiral’s Coxswain 36 10 0 3 2 0
Ship’s Cook
Leading Stoker (when within the Tropics, while the steam is up, half the Pay in addition
Chief Boatswain’s Mate
* Carpenter’s Mate (in vessels in which no Carpenter is borne.)
* Ditto In 1st, 2nd and 3rd rates
Seaman’s Schoolmaster
Master at Arms In all other ships 34 19 7 2 19 5

    Day Pay Victualling Store Allowance Total per Day Per Year
    s. d. s. d. s. d. £ s. d.
Ship’s Steward 1st Rates 2 0 2 6 4 6 82 2 6
2nd Rates 2 0 2 3 4 3 77 11 3
3 Rates 2 0 2 0 4 0 73 0 0
Rates 1 11 1 9 3 8 66 18 4
Rates 1 11 1 5 3 4 61 11 10
Rates 1 11 1 1 3 0 54 15 0
Sloops above 110 men 1 11 0 8 2 7 47 2 11
Smaller Vessels 1 11 0 4 2 3 41 1 3

Rating   Years 31 Days
    £ s. d. £ s. d.
Sailmaker In 1st, 2nd and 3rd Rates
In all other ships
36 10 0 3 2 0
Ropemaker 34 19 7 2 19 5
† Caulker            
Blacksmith            
Ship’s Corporal   31 18 9 2 14 3
Captain’s Coxswain  
Quarter-master  
Gunner’s Mate  
Boatswain’s Mate  
Coxswain of the Launch  
Captains of the Forecastle, Hold, Maintop, Foretop and Afterguard  
Sailmaker’s Mate   30 8 4 2 11 8
+ Caulker’s Mate  
Armourer  
Cooper  
Yeoman of Signals   28 17 11 2 9 1
Second Captains of the Forecastle, Hold, Maintop, Foretop and Afterguard  
Coxswains of the Barge, Cutter and Pinnace  
Captains of the Mizentop and Mast  
Musician  
Head Krooman  

* Tool Money 4 11 3 0 7 9
† Ditto if employed in the Carpenter’s Crew and in possession of Carpenter’s Tools

If a ship has been in commission 3 years and upwards 2 years 1 year
  £ s. d. £ s. d. £ s. d.

Gratuities for good and exemplary conduct on a ship being paid off, allowed to

1st Class Petty Officers 7 0 0 4 13 4 2 6 8
Serjeant of Marines
2nd Class Petty Officers 5 0 0 3 6 8 1 13 4
Corporal of Marines

Rating     Years 31 Days
      £ s. d. £ s. d.
* Stoker or coal trimmer(when within the Tropics, while the steam is up, half the Pay in addition 31 18 9 2 14 3
* Painter 25 17 1 2 3 11
* Sailmaker’s Crew
* Cooper’s Crew
* Carpenter’s Crew
Tool Money to Carpenter’s Crew 4 11 3 0 7 9
* Able Seaman 24 5 8 2 1 4
Steward’s Assistant
* Yeoman of the Store-room
* Sick-berth Attendant
Officer’s Cook, Officer’s Steward, Officer’s Domestic
Tailor
* Bandsman
Second Head Krooman
Ordinary Seaman 19 15 5 1 13 7
Cook’s Mate
Barber
Second Class Ordinary Seaman 16 14 7 1 8 5
Landmen
Kroomen
* Good Conduct Pay in addition if not in receipt of a pension 1 Badge 1 10 5 0 2 7
2 Badges 3 0 10 0 5 2
3 Badges 4 11 3 0 7 9
Seaman Gunner An Allowance in addition to the pay of the rating he may hold. 1st Period of 5 years from the date of passing Certificate of Gunnery 1 10 5 0 2 7
2nd ditto ditto 3 0 10 0 5 2
3rd ditto ditto 4 11 3 0 7 9
Diver ditto 1 10 5 0 2 7
Boy of the First Class 10 12 11 0 18 1
Steward’s Boy
Boy of the Second Class 9 2 6 0 15 6

The allotments in force under the existing scale are not to be altered ; but all fresh allotments made after the 1st January next, are to be according to the new scale

Clerks, who have passed their examination for Paymasters and Pursers, may, from 1 January 1851, draw their bills for their full pay quarterly, instead of half-yearly as heretofore.


Shipment of Spirits Duty Free Discontinued

Circular No. 71,
Admiralty 18 Nov 1850.

With reference to their Lordships' Circular Order of the 1st of last month, No. 70, authorizing a diminution to be made in the quantity of Spirits served out as a daily Ration in the Royal Navy, and with the view of further carrying out their Lordships' intentions, as expressed in the said Circular, both as regards Officers and Men ; they are pleased to notify, that they will not, for the future, recommend to the Treasury to remit the duty on spirits which may be shipped for the use of Officers on board Her Majesty's Ships.

By Command of their Lordships,
John Parker.

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